Resources | LpR Article | Commentary | Smart Lighting & IoT | Feb 28, 2017

Lighting Up Smart Cities, Dr. Wu Chou, Huawei

Although streetlights have been associated with cities for more than a thousand years, they are rarely considered for functions other than luminary purposes. One of the distinct features of streetlights is their geographic location. In particular, streetlights follow the roads and streets that are the arteries of the city, and at night they outline the city so it can be seen from many miles away.

As global urbanization trends continue, more people will move to the city. It is estimated that by the year 2050 more than 75% of the world population will live in cities. As a result, more streetlights will be needed to keep pace with expansion of a city and to provide ubiquitous lighting coverage for the population. The first challenge will be the huge amount of energy consumption. Street lighting consumes a good part of the 19% of power currently used for all lighting with a carbon footprint corresponding to burning billions of trees. Saving power for lighting has been an inspiration for technical advances and innovations and we have been advancing rapidly from incandescent, fluorescent, and high-pressure sodium lights to LED lighting.

There is also a strong demand for better and smarter cities with high quality and intelligent services. Similar to the advancement of lighting, technical advances and innovations have led to the era of Internet-of- Things (IoT) to enable smart cities. One fundamental feature of IoT is to connect the digital world, such as Internet, with the physical world, such as sensors, cars and lights. IoT offers tremendous opportunities for new services with improved efficiency and intelligence including street lighting.

In fact, the combination of IoT + LED lighting opens a new paradigm in street lighting. A fully connected lighting network offers more intelligent lighting control through which a reduction of energy consumption of up to 80% as well as cost reductions in operation can be achieved. The light can be dimmed and lit up instantly depending on the needs and the energy saving policy/algorithm being deployed. By integrating a GIS (geographic information module) component that provides precise geographic information, the status and well being of every single LED light can also be monitored. This information can be used to monitor the operation status, but also for (predictive) maintenance needs. Operation costs can be reduced by up to 90% while significantly lowering the down time of the light and improving the service quality and user experience.

It is a huge challenge to construct an IoT platform with good coverage of the city, but the emergence of IoT+LED based connected street lighting can work miraculously for smart cities. In addition to an IoT gateway connection, streetlights can be interconnected though an RF mesh network (e.g. 6LowPAN: IPv6 over low power wireless area network). This RF mesh network is extensible and ad hoc with self-healing capabilities. Today, more than 30 types of sensors can be deployed on this connected street lighting IoT platform for smart city services, including environmental services (air quality, traffic flow, etc.), city parking, garbage bin and manhole monitoring, security, etc.

Furthermore, a fully connected street lighting IoT platform makes the lighting poles increasingly valuable. They can be used for WiFi or small cell stations to provide wireless coverage of the city, for roadside charging of electrical cars, and even for advertisement applications with LED displays that can be mounted on the poles. As we enter the era of IoT, these applications are just the tip of the iceberg that the IoT+LED based connected street lighting IoT platform can provide. But most importantly, IoT+LED has become reality for lighting up smart cities.

Dr. Wu Chou
He received his Ph.D in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University. He worked for Bell Labs (AT&T/Lucent), Avaya, and joined Huawei in 2011 as Chief IT Scientist and head of Huawei Shannon (IT) Lab. He became the CTO of the Enterprise Network Product Line in 2015. He has published over 200 journal and conference papers and holds more than 40 US and international patents. Dr. Chou is an IEEE Fellow and worked as an editor and area expert for multiple standard bodies like ISO, W3C, ECMA and ETSI. He has also served as an editor for IEEE Transactions (C, AL) IEEE TSC Special Issue on Cloud computing, IEEE Transactions Special Issue on Human-machine Interaction. In addition to all that, Dr. Chou has served as a member of multiple advisory boards like that of MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab (CSAIL) Big Data Program and the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT).

Add comment

You can add a comment by filling out the form below. Plain text formatting. Comments are moderated.

Question: What is 1 + 2 ?
Your answer:

Nichia Showcases LEDs with 'Light so Good'

Nichia Showcases LEDs with 'Light so Good' At Light + Building 2020 held in Frankfurt, Nichia – the leader in high-performance LED solutions – reveals it will present at least three complementary technologies to improve the delivery of light quality under an over-arching banner of 'Light so Good'. Read more »


Future Lighting Solutions Launches Offline Lighting System Selector Mobile App for iOS and Android

Future Lighting Solutions Launches Offline Lighting System Selector Mobile App for iOS and Android Montreal, Canada (mynewsdesk) January 21, 2020 - Future Lighting Solutions (FLS), a leading provider of solid-state lighting, engineering expertise and design tools, is proud to announce the launch of their new offline Lighting System Selector for iOS and Android devices. Read more »


Researchers from Hokkaido University Let Europium Shine Brighter

Researchers from Hokkaido University Let Europium Shine Brighter A stacked nanocarbon antenna makes a rare earth element shine 5 times more brightly than previous designs, with applications in molecular light-emitting devices. - The europium Eu(III) complex with nanocarbon antenna emitting fine red light. Read more »


Zhaga Summit – September 23rd in Bregenz

Zhaga Summit – September 23rd in Bregenz Luger Research and Zhaga are proud to announce that the 2020 LpS/TiL conference will host a Zhaga Summit. This one-day event will provide application-driven introductions to the latest Zhaga standards, review their market reception, and solicit inputs from the specifier community through workshops. Read more »


Research Confirms that Light Pollution Can Suppress Melatonin Production in Humans and Animals

Research Confirms that Light Pollution Can Suppress Melatonin Production in Humans and Animals Melatonin sets the internal clock. Researchers from IGB in an international team have analyzed data on the impact of light pollution on melatonin formation in humans and vertebrates. They found that even the low light intensities of urban skyglow can suppress melatonin production. Melatonin ... Read more »


CIE Announces Availability of New Documentation: Test Method for OLED Luminaires and OLED Light Sources

CIE Announces Availability of New Documentation: Test Method for OLED Luminaires and OLED Light Sources The new CIE International Standard S 025-SP1/E:2019 is a supplement to CIE S 025:2015 Test Method for LED Lamps, LED Luminaires and LED Modules specifies the requirements for measurement of electrical, photometric, and colorimetric quantities of OLED luminaires and OLED light sources. These sources ... Read more »


Care, Caution & Awareness Are Needed When Using LED Lights

Care, Caution & Awareness Are Needed When Using LED Lights Kyra Xavia is a researcher, educator and investigative journalist based in New Zealand. Her roles as general secretary of the Light and Lighting Research Consortium (LLRC), delegate for the International Dark Sky Association (IDA), New Zealand Ambassador for Women in Lighting 2019, and co-leader of ... Read more »