Technology | Light Generation | Sep 01, 2015

FAU Researchers Create the World's First White LEDs Based on Fluorescent Proteins

Gel-like networks consist of a concentrated aqueous protein solution and a polymer compound (Image: Michael Weber) LEDs are up to 80 percent more energy-efficient than normal light bulbs and last around five times as long as energy-saving light bulbs. As a result they are being used more and more frequently as a source of light. Nevertheless, white LEDs still have room for improvement, as current manufacturing processes are either very expensive or result in the lifetime of the LEDs being reduced. Researchers at FAU have now developed a new, rather unusual manufacturing method: their LEDs are partly made of ... Read more »

Technology | Light Generation | Aug 21, 2015

Researchers Propose New Technology without Rare Earth Metals for LED Lighting

An LED coated with a yellow “phosphor” is shown turned off (left) and then turned on (right). This “green” LED is inexpensive and provides warm white light (Credit: Zhichao Hu, Ph.D.) At the 250th meeting of the American Chemical Society a novel approach to generate white light without using rare earth metals was presented. The reaserachers claim that this approach will lead to cheaper warm white LEDs than the currently used technologies. A press conference on this topic was held on Wednesday, Aug. 19, at 9 a.m. Eastern time in the Boston Convention & Exhibition Center. Read more »

Technology | Light Generation | Aug 20, 2015

Researchers from Oregon State University Develop Quantum Dot Technology that may Help Light the Future

The orange color in the letters “OSU” is produced from “quantum dots” viewed under a microscope, as they absorb blue light and emit the light as orange – an illustration of some of the potential of new technology being developed at Oregon State University. (Image courtesy of Oregon State University) Advances at Oregon State University in manufacturing technology for quantum dots may soon lead to a new generation of LED lighting that produces a more user-friendly white light, while using less toxic materials and low-cost manufacturing processes that take advantage of simple microwave heating. Read more »

White Paper | Technology | Optics | Jul 21, 2015

Litecool Demonstrates that Narrow Beam LED Packages Are a Real Possibility

Litecool have shown promising results for new LED package design that gives focused light beams with no secondary optics or reflectors Litecool has been working on various LED package designs to give luminaire manufacturers an LED package that doesn’t need any further lensing or reflectors to give the desired beam patterns for lighting applications. Read more »

Technology | Light Generation | White Paper | May 27, 2015

BluGlass Demonstrates Improved Performance Results for Green RPCVD Manufactured p-GaN LEDs

Green light emission from RPCVD p-GaN layers grown on MOCVD MQWs BluGlass has succeeded in its initial experimentation of applying low temperature RPCVD p-GaN to Green LED applications with highly promising results. These results show that the green LEDs produced using RPCVD p-GaN are demonstrating greater efficiency than the BluGlass grown MOCVD benchmark LEDs using the exact same MOCVD grown multi-quantum wells (MQWs), the critical light emitting region of an LED device. Read more »

Technology | OLEDs | Mar 17, 2015

Fraunhofer FEP Presented Transparent Color Tunable OLED

The color tunable OLED modules have a diameter of 55 mm with an active light area of 42 mm The project LOIGB (LED and OLED integration into glass and plastic composites for the use in lighting systems for railway and further applications) has been successfully completed. The results were presented at LOPEC 2015 (March 4th – 5th, 2015, Munich, hall B0, booth 230). Read more »

Technology | Light Generation | White Paper | Technology | Electronics | Feb 17, 2015

The Future of More Efficient LEDs and Lasers Probably Starts in 2D

Researchers at The Ohio State University have developed a technique for making one-atom-thick sheets of germanium for eventual use in advanced electronics. Already in 2010, MIT's Material Research Group demonstrated the first germanium laser (Photo: Dominick Reuter/MIT) The future of electronics could lie in a material from its past, as researchers from The Ohio State University work to turn germanium - the material of 1940s transistors - into a potential replacement for silicon. Read more »

Technology | Light Generation | White Paper | Feb 16, 2015

Osram Improves Efficiency of Blue LED Chips by Reducing Forward Voltage

Osram experts have significantly reduced the value of the forward voltage, compared with the data sheet for the previous Osram Oslon Square Osram Opto Semiconductors has achieved one of the best values in the world in terms of forward voltage for blue high-current chips. This has led to an increase in efficiency of up to eight percent. Optimized InGaN chips (Indium-Gallium-Nitride) featuring UX:3 chip technology are the basis for blue or white LEDs – and are already used in production. Osram experts also see considerable potential for reducing the value by a further 20 to 30 millivolts (mV) by the summer of 2015 – offering a ... Read more »

Technology | Light Generation | White Paper | Feb 05, 2015

Universities Develop Novel LEDs by Band-Structure Engineering in van der Waals Heterostructures

Schematic of the SQW heterostructure for graphene based, band-structure engineered LEDs Semi-transparent, flexible electronics are no longer just science-fiction thanks to graphene’s unique properties, University of Manchester researchers have found. Published in the scientific journal Nature Materials, University of Manchester and University of Sheffield researchers show that new 2D ‘designer materials’ can be produced to create flexible, see-through and more efficient electronic devices including semi-transparent LEDs. Read more »

Technology | OLEDs | White Paper | Jan 15, 2015

Holst Centre and Flex-o-Fab Take the First Step Towards "Lighting by the Mile"

Manufacturing flexible OLEDs using a R2R-process is crucial for reducing costs for coming down to an affordable price Researchers from the EU-funded Flex-o-Fab project have successfully fabricated working OLED devices on a flexible barrier layer produced in a roll-to-roll (R2R) process. Produced on a PET plastic film, this breakthrough is a significant first step towards taking flexible OLEDs ‘from lab to fab’ and hence to commercial production. It draws on technical developments achieved within both Flex-o-Fab and Holst Centre’s joint research program into high-performance flexible barriers for organic ... Read more »

Technology | Light Perception | White Paper | Jan 15, 2015

Ending the Invisible Threat - Confronting the LED Flickering Issue

Figure 5: The flicker comparison of lighting products (Sources: Michael Poplawski and Naomi Miller, ”SSL Flicker Fundamentals and Why We Care” - U.S Department of Energy, 2014) One of the topics in 2014 International LIGHTFAIR DOE training was “SSL Flicker Fundamentals and Why We Care“ (Michael Poplawski and Naomi Miller 2014),this reignited the industry’s discussion on light modulation. This topic was already raised by ASSIST earlier, where research on human’s level of tolerance to high-frequency flickers have been done and published in several lighting magazines by Rebekah Mullaney, hoping to encourage LED manufacturers and distributors to put more emphasis on ... Read more »

White Paper | Technology | Binning | Jan 09, 2015

LpS 2014 Scientific Award Winner Article: New Binning Strategy for White LEDs

Figure 1: Semantic contours for chromaticity differences from the chromaticity center in the CIE x,y chromaticity diagram for a warm white chromaticity center, the Planckian radiator at 2500 K; x=0.4770; y=0.4137 (light green dot). Going off the center in any direction, contours indicate “good-very good” (green contour), “good” (yellow contour), “moderate-good” (orange contour), “low” (red contour) and “bad” (lilac contour) perceived color agreement with the center. Contours of constant chromaticity differences (Δu’v’=0.001 - Δu’v’=0.007 i.e. approximations of MacAdam ellipses) measured from the chromaticity center are also shown After having recognized the deficiencies of the ANSI binning strategy, which is based on the visually false magnification of MacAdam’s ellipses, Dr. Peter Bodrogi and Prof. Tran Quoc Khanh from the Technical University Darmstadt propose a new binning strategy based on a so-called semantic interpretation to describe and easily communicate the magnitude of acceptable chromaticity differences. Read more »

Technology | Light Generation | White Paper | Jan 09, 2015

Compute Simulation Sheds Light On Why Blue LEDs Are So Tricky To Make

New research from academics from the University of Bath Department of Chemistry has uncovered the mystery of why blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are so difficult to make: (1) Calculated spin density resulting from (a) a Mg0Ga-associated hole localized on a neighboring N in the basal plane, (b) a Mg0Ga-associated hole localized on a neighboring axial N, and (c) a N vacancy. Light gray (green) [darker gray (blue)] spheres represent Ga (N) atoms. The darkest gray sphere represents a Mg atom in (a) and (b) (purple) and a vacancy in (c) (orange). Spin densities are indicated by (red) isosurfaces of density (au) 0.05, 0.025, and 0.01 for (a) and (b) and 0.01, 0.005, 0.0025 for (c). (2) Formation energy of VN (black line) and MgGa [light gray (red) line] as a function of Fermi energy above the VBM. Anion-rich conditions are assumed. The position of the conduction band minimum (CBM) is indicated by the broken line. For each value of Fermi energy, only the most stable defect charge state is shown, with a change in slope indicating a change in charge state Researchers in our Department of Chemistry have collaborated with groups at University College London (UCL) and Daresbury to uncover the mystery of why blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are so difficult to make, by revealing the complex properties of their main component – gallium nitride – using sophisticated computer simulations. Read more »

Products | UV-LEDs

Recipients of the Nobel Prize in Physics Support the Development of Deep-UV LEDs

The first presentation of the new deep-UV LEDs that were supported by Profs. Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano, and Shuji Nakamura, has been at electronica 2014 in Munich Profs. Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano, and Shuji Nakamura received the Nobel Prize in physics in mid-December 2014 for their breakthrough that enabled the development of blue LEDs. In particular, Professor Amano and his team at Nagoya University have worked intensively over the past few years on further development of these semiconductor-based lamps. They provided consulting services to the Japanese firm of Nikkiso Co. Ltd. in the design of the first deep-ultraviolet light-emitting diodes ... Read more »

Technology | Light Generation | White Paper | Nov 21, 2014

Thermoresponsive PDLC Coating for Smart CCT-Tunable LED Applications

Thermoresponsive scattering coating for smart CCT-changing white LEDs: a) basic working mechanism; b) demonstrator using coated (bottom) and uncoated (top) warm white LEDs operating at a low current (~20 mA/LED - top picture) and at a high current (~80 mA/LED - the bottom); c) associated CCT vs. current diagram When the 2014 Nobel Prize in physics was awarded this October to three Japanese-born scientists for the invention of blue light emitting diodes (LEDs), the prize committee declared LED lamps would light the 21st century. Now researchers from the Netherlands propose a novel way to ensure the lights of the future not only are energy efficient but also emit a cozy warmth. Cornelissen and his colleagues from the Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands describe their new LEDs in a paper ... Read more »