Trends

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Controls | Wireless | Bluetooth | Apr 10, 2019

Bluetooth Mesh Protocol as Applied to Lighting

Bluetooth Mesh Protocol as Applied to Lighting Little more than one year ago, Bluetooth SIG released the Bluetooth Mesh standardization. Meanwhile, it has become widely adopted and is also one of the favorite systems for lighting controls. Russ Sharer, Vice President of Global Marketing and Business Development for Fulham, starts with an explanation of the Bluetooth Mesh protocol as applied to lighting control and defining its key elements. In a second portion of the article, he answers questions that lighting control evaluators could be asking their vendor. Read more »

Luminaires | Systems + Applications | Indoor Applications | Outdoor Applications | Architectural Lighting | Apr 09, 2019

GlacialLight Announces New Natural Sunlight of GL-FL35-NL Architectural Floodlighting Series

GlacialLight Announces New Natural Sunlight of GL-FL35-NL Architectural Floodlighting Series GlacialLight, the LED lighting division of GlacialTech Inc., announces the natural sunlight GL-FL35-NL Architectural Floodlighting series. The new lighting fixtures use the SEOUL SunLike CoB to light up objects in their natural colors. The CRI is 97, as well as the CQS (Color Quality Scale) is up to 98. The color fidelity index (TM-30-15 Rf) and color gamut score (TM-30-15 Rg) are close to natural light. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Environment | Apr 08, 2019

When Nights Are No Longer Dark: Effects of Artificial Light at Night on Agroecosystems

When Nights Are No Longer Dark: Effects of Artificial Light at Night on Agroecosystems In recent decades, artificial lighting has become an integral part of the modern world. While the use of artificial light at night (ALAN) greatly benefits people, it often has unintended, negative consequences for wildlife and ecosystems. In particular, the increasing use of LED lighting raises ecological concerns due to its high content of blue light, to which many organisms are sensitive. Dr. Maja Grubisic, Researcher at the Leibniz-Institute and Guest Lecturer at Free University Berlin discusses how ALAN can directly and indirectly influence agroecosystems, with potential consequences for food production and biodiversity. Given the current lack of integrative studies on this important topic, the better understanding of effects of ALAN in agroecosystems is urgently needed. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Environment | Apr 03, 2019

Hazard or Hope? LEDs and Wildlife

Hazard or Hope? LEDs and Wildlife LpR 70 Article, page 52: The introduction and widespread uptake of LEDs as outdoor lighting has caused no small amount of concern amongst conservation biologists. The prevailing impression that LEDs are always blue-white is well founded as adoption of LEDs for streetlights were invariably high color temperatures and with the deterioration of phosphors the blue wavelengths penetrated even more. But LEDs do have characteristics that differentiate them from other light sources and may allow for the reduction of environmental effects of lighting on species and habitats: direction, duration, intensity, and spectrum. Travis Longcore, Assistant Professor at the University of Southern California's School of Architecture, sheds light on all these aspects. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Health | Medical | Human Centric Lighting | Apr 01, 2019

Lighting and Emergency Dept. Clinician Wellness and Performance Improvement

Lighting and Emergency Dept. Clinician Wellness and Performance Improvement LpR 70 Article, page 38: Short wavelength ("blue") light is known for its strong impact on humans covering "visual" function, wellness and performance of humans. Lighting has been recognized to have an effect on clinician wellness and performance as well as the occurence of medical errors. In a pilot study, Octavio L. Perez, Ph.D, WELL Accredited Professional and Adjunct Researcher at the Department of Population Health Science and Policy, and his team of scientists and physicians, Christopher Strother, Richard Vincent, Barbara Rabin and Harold S. Kaplan, from the Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, systematically investigated if and how a radically new lighting concept could improve wellness and performance in an emergency department. Read more »

Research Reports | Resources | Smart Lighting + IoT | OpenAIS | LpR Article | Mar 29, 2019

User Evaluation of the OpenAIS Pilot Installation

User Evaluation of the OpenAIS Pilot Installation The OpenAIS project (2015-2018) has developed an open IoT lighting solution to enable a wider community to deliver the smartness of light, allowing easy adaptability to cater for the diversity of people and demands. The project is a cooperation between seven leading companies in the European industry and two academic partners: Signify, Zumtobel, Tridonic, Johnson Controls, Dynniq Belgium, NXP, ARM, Eindhoven University of Technology. Thomas van de Werff, Harm van Essen and Berry Eggen from the Eindhoven University of Technology describe the evaluation results of the pilot installation in a real office building in Eindhoven (The Netherlands), a former Philips factory. Read more »

Technologies | Research | Publications | Health | Human Centric Lighting | Mar 26, 2019

3D Bio-Optical Models Reveals How the Human Body Uses the Entire Solar Spectrum

3D Bio-Optical Models Reveals How the Human Body Uses the Entire Solar Spectrum History teaches that global changes to the public's environment mandate a higher level of scrutiny to ensure that we first do no harm. In "Melatonin and the Optics of the Human Body" published in the journal Melatonin Research, Zimmerman and Reiter combine optical ray tracing from lighting and ESR data from the medical industry to model for the first time the 3D free radical distributions generate by lighting sources in the human body. Read more »

Technologies | Research | LEDs | Nano-Structures | Light Extraction | Feb 21, 2019

An Old Story Re-Edited? - Firefly-Inspired Surfaces Improve LED Efficiency

An Old Story Re-Edited? - Firefly-Inspired Surfaces Improve LED Efficiency A new type of light-emitting diode lightbulb could one day light homes and reduce power bills, according to Penn State researchers who suggest that LEDs made with firefly-mimicking structures could improve efficiency. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Thermal Management | Feb 18, 2019

Materials, Manufacturing and Technologies for Designing Passive Cooling Devices

Materials, Manufacturing and Technologies for Designing Passive Cooling Devices Until recently, incandescent bulbs and fluorescent lights were the dominant light sources. Today it’s the energy efficient, durable and, in the meantime, cost effective, LED. But to achieve these attributes appropriate cooling is still necessary and due to progress over the last few years the need for active cooling solutions is limited to a few high power applications as long as the material and technology is carefully chosen. John Broadbent, Managing Director at Columbia-Staver Ltd., describes the different technologies and materials and gives practical advice on how to find the right solution for an application. Read more »

Technologies | LpR Article | Smart Lighting + IoT | Resources | Bluetooth | Jan 31, 2019

Qualified Bluetooth Mesh – Making Lighting Controls Future-Proof

Qualified Bluetooth Mesh – Making Lighting Controls Future-Proof LpR 69 Article, page 88: At Lightfair USA, Siegfried Luger met with Patrick Durand, Worldwide Technical Director at Future Lighting Solutions. One of Mr. Durand’s striking statements was: “Basically, what we need is to future-proof lighting control.” This was the first time that this important aspect was so clearly addressed by a representative of the industry. This led us to asking Mr. Durand to provide LED professional with a technical article to clarify the current situation, explain the technical background that led him to making that statement and to give an idea of which requirements a controls solution must fulfill to be truly future-proof. Read more »

Technologies | Research | Solid State Lighting | Light Generation | Perovskite | Jan 25, 2019

The Possible Future of Lighting - Paint-On Semiconductors from Ornate Quantum Physics

The Possible Future of Lighting - Paint-On Semiconductors from Ornate Quantum Physics LED lights and monitors, and quality solar panels were born of a revolution in semiconductors that efficiently convert energy to light or vice versa. Now, next-generation semiconducting materials are on the horizon, and in a new study, researchers have uncovered eccentric physics behind their potential to transform lighting technology and photovoltaics yet again. Read more »

Resources | Research | Environment | Street Lighting | Jan 22, 2019

Pollinators: Switch Street Lights off at Midnight to Help Moths and Nocturnal Wildlife

Pollinators: Switch Street Lights off at Midnight to Help Moths and Nocturnal Wildlife Conservation is often a conflict between the demands of development and a desire to do what is best for the environment. It’s rare that we get the chance to report a decision which was taken for the good of people that has also panned out well for nature’s ecosystems. However, that is just what our new research paper found. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | SciPiL | Optics | Jan 15, 2019

Optical Designs to Improve LED Lighting Efficiency of Medical Endoscopes

Optical Designs to Improve LED Lighting Efficiency of Medical Endoscopes Lighting efficiency for endoscopic instruments has been deemed very poor, at only about 20%. While laboratory tests demonstrate that fiber optics bending is not problematic, optical simulations clearly show that lighting efficiency is strongly limited by the Étendue. Because of strong geometrical constraints in the light coupling area of an endoscope system, only a radical new optical design can provide significant improvement. Alexander Gaertner and Paola Belloni from the Faculty of Mechanical and Medical Engineering and the Steinbeis Transferzentrum Lichttechnik und Beleuchtungsoptik at the University Furtwangen discuss these issues and propose possible approaches. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Micro-Optics | Jan 15, 2019

Smart Design of Freeform Micro-Optical Elements for Thin Direct-Lit Luminaires

Smart Design of Freeform Micro-Optical Elements for Thin Direct-Lit Luminaires LpR 69 Article, page 64: Direct-lit LED luminaires consist of LED arrays. In order to achieve homogenous light distribution a diffuser sheet is placed at a certain height above the LED array. Usually the distance between the LEDs and the diffuser has to be greater than the distance between the LEDs on the array. To overcome this limitation, additional optical elements like freeform lenses are necessary. Christian Sommer, scientist at the Institute of Surface Technologies and Photonics of the Joanneum Research Forschungsges.m.b.H and his colleagues, Claude Leiner, Ladislav Kuna, Paul Hartmann and Franz P. Wenzl propose a smart design concept for an extremely flat, direct-lit lighting system, making use of mask-less laser direct write lithography. Read more »

Technologies | Research | LEDs | Light Conversion | IR-LEDs | Quantum Dots | Dec 13, 2018

Colloidal Quantum Dots Make LEDs Shine Bright in the Infrared

Colloidal Quantum Dots Make LEDs Shine Bright in the Infrared ICFO researchers report on the development of a colloidal quantum-dot light emitting diode with unprecedented quantum and power conversion efficiencies in the infrared range. The ideal optoelectronic semiconductor material should be a strong light emitter i.e. should emit light very efficiently upon optical excitation as well as be an efficient charge conductor to allow for electrical injection in devices. These two conditions when met can lead to highly efficient light emitting diodes as well as to solar cells with the possibility to approach the Shockley-Queisser limit. Until now the materials that have come close to meeting these conditions have been based on epitaxially-grown costly III-V semiconductors that cannot be monolithically integrated to CMOS electronics. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research News | CIE | Applications | Dec 12, 2018

How to Use the Technologies for Adaptive Lighting

How to Use the Technologies for Adaptive Lighting The technologies to provide adaptive lighting are already in the marketplace and are accepted by some jurisdictions. Nonetheless, we have an inadequate understanding of how best to use these technologies, meaning that installations might not serve users well, and in the worst case, might lead to harm. Lighting researchers can generate the knowledge needed to support the best application of adaptive lighting technologies. The International Commission on Illumination (CIE) understands the importance and urgency to deal with problems of adaptive, dynamic and intelligent lighting in all application fields. Hence, this topic is a highlight of CIE’s research strategy. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Horticulture | UV | Dec 01, 2018

UV LED Technology for Emerging Applications in Agriculture

UV LED Technology for Emerging Applications in Agriculture The Ultraviolet (UV) LED market has expanded five-fold in the past decade and is projected to grow to over $1 billion by 2025. A key trend expected to influence the market is the ability to expand into new applications, including agriculture. UV light, at proper frequency and dose, can increase the production of active substances in medicinal and traditional plants and it can also help maintain a healthy growing environment. But to fully take advantage of UV LEDs, some major re-design considerations are required. Terrance Berland, CEO of the Violet Defense Group, the parent company of Violet Gro, will explain which considerations these are; for instance, why it is crucial to incorporate the appropriate lens material. Read more »

Research Reports | Smart Lighting + IoT | Resources | LpR Article | Nov 26, 2018

Challenges of the Integration of Lighting Systems and Components in IoT

Challenges of the Integration of Lighting Systems and Components in IoT LpR 68 Article, page 50: Following the rapid penetration of LEDs, lighting is now becoming integrated into the Internet of Things. Over the past three years a consortium of leading European companies worked on the OpenAIS project, which was partly funded by the EU within the Horizon 2020 program, and now showing the results working at a full size demonstrator. In this follow up article to the introduction article of LpR 67, Ben Pronk, System Architect at Signify, and Stefan Verbrugh, Project Manager at Signify and Work Package leader in OpenAIS give deeper insight into the project. They explain the lighting specific challenges, describe the generic challenges for IP controlled lighting and present the approach to these challenges. They conclude by summarizing the findings from the pilot. Read more »

Technologies | Research | LEDs | Perovskite | Light Generation | Nov 22, 2018

Researchers Push Perovskite LEDs' Efficiency To Rivaling Best OLEDs

Researchers Push Perovskite LEDs' Efficiency To Rivaling Best OLEDs Compared to OLEDs, which are widely used in high-end consumer electronics, the perovskite-based LEDs, developed by researchers at the University of Cambridge, can be made at much lower costs, and can be tuned to emit light across the visible and near-infrared spectra with high colour purity. Now, researchers have set a new efficiency record for LEDs based on perovskite semiconductors, rivalling that of the best Organic LEDs (OLEDs). Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Light Generation | Laser Technology | Nov 19, 2018

Laser Technology for Lighting Applications: A Review and Analysis of a Promising Technology

Laser Technology for Lighting Applications: A Review and Analysis of a Promising Technology LpR 68 Article, page 44: LEDs are currently the dominating light source: efficient and cost effective. But LEDs also have some drawbacks. Another interesting technology developed slowly in the shadow of LEDs and has become an interesting solution for some specific applications: GaN based blue solid state laser devices. Although this technology offers some very interesting advantages, it also has challenges. Nicola Trivellin, Matteo Buffolo, Carlo De Santi, Gaudenzio Meneghesso, Enrico Zanoni and Matteo Meneghini from the University of Padova and its spin-off LightCube have been working toward the development of experimental systems and demonstrators and disclose their findings of the comparison between LED and LD systems. Read more »

Research News | News-Spot | Human Centric Lighting | Resources | Health + Environment | Nov 09, 2018

Researchers from the University of Surrey Find that Blue Light Can Reduce Blood Pressure

Researchers from the University of Surrey Find that Blue Light Can Reduce Blood Pressure Exposure to blue light decreases blood pressure, reducing the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, a new study from the University of Surrey and Heinrich Heine University Duesseldorf in collaboration with Philips reports. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Manufacturing | LED Modules | Nov 05, 2018

A Study on Aerosol Jet Printing in LED Module Manufacturing

A Study on Aerosol Jet Printing in LED Module Manufacturing LpR 68 Article, page 38: LED module manufacturing technologies have certainly improved over the last few years but the requirements have also increased. More components are packed on today’s modules causing additional thermal stress, and, at the same time, the demand for lower cost challenges module manufacturers. So the (re-) search for new materials and new manufacturing processes and manufacturing technologies is still on. Paul Hartmann, Director of the Institute of Surface Technologies and Photonics at the Joanneum Research Forschungsgesellschaft m.b.H., and his team, Andreas Rudorfer, Martin Tscherner, Christian Palfinger, Frank Reil, Franz P. Wenzl with Ioannis E. Seferis, Eugeniusz Zych from the Faculty of Chemistry of the University of Wroclaw investigated the opportunities of aerosol jet printing and proved the applicability for alternative ways of phosphor deposition and integration and to replace wire bonding of dies. Read more »

Research Reports | Smart Lighting + IoT | Resources | LpR Article | Oct 29, 2018

Integrating Lighting in the Internet of Things

Integrating Lighting in the Internet of Things LpR 67 Article, page 80: Following the rapid penetration of LEDs, lighting now becomes integrated into the Internet of Things. Over the past three years a consortium of leading European companies worked on the OpenAIS project, partly funded by the EU within the Horizon 2020 program. Now showing the results, the consortium is working on a full size demonstrator. Ben Pronk, System Architect at Philips Lighting Research, and Frank van Tuijl, Project Manager at Philips Lighting show how OpenAIS creates an open ecosystem to enable a wider community to deliver the smartness of light and they explain how it is possible to adapt the system to cater to the diversity of people and demands. Read more »

Technologies | Research | LEDs | Light Conversion | Machine Learning | Oct 23, 2018

New Algorithm Can More Quickly Predict Phosphor Materials for LEDs

New Algorithm Can More Quickly Predict Phosphor Materials for LEDs Jakoah Brgoch, assistant professor of chemistry at the University of Houston, and members of his lab published a paper on Oct. 22 in Nature Communications describing how machine learning speeds discovery of new materials. By scanning a huge number of compounds for their key attributes they were looking for a new light conversion material that could be used in white LEDs. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Optics | Nano-Optics | Oct 22, 2018

LED Lighting Requires New Approaches in Optics

LED Lighting Requires New Approaches in Optics LpR 67 Article, page 88: Even though LED technology has been established LEDs still need new approaches in electronics, thermal management or optics to make complete use of their advantages. Marek Škereň, Chief Technology Officer of IQ Structures, explains how new optical devices, with the trade name Nanoptiqs, based on principles of diffraction are applied to achieve improved performance of white light illumination systems. This unique solution is based on full control over the modulation of material and geometric properties of the optical elements at a nano-level. A combination of complex transmission diffractive elements, with specially designed systems of micro-reflectors (produced using an innovative mass-production technique) is also presented as a promising flexible building unit for the construction of new generation luminaires. Read more »

Technologies | Research | LEDs | Light Generation | Light Conversion | Oct 11, 2018

Spanish Researchers Develop Sand that Produces White Sun-Like LEDs

Spanish Researchers Develop Sand that Produces White Sun-Like LEDs The team led by the chemist-technologist Rubén Costa of IMDEA Materials (Madrid) and the chemists Jesús Berenguer of the University of La Rioja and Javier García of the University of Alicante has overcome one of the biggest obstacles in the progress towards new sources of healthier artificial lighting. Read more »

Technologies | LEDs | RGB LEDs | Controls | Driver IC | Oct 09, 2018

Dynamic In-Car Lighting Scenarios - Osram's Osire E4633i Prototype with Inova's Serial Control Driver

Dynamic In-Car Lighting Scenarios - Osram's Osire E4633i Prototype with Inova's Serial Control Driver The more autonomous a car becomes, the more the way in which it is used will change. As developments continue toward autonomous driving, more and more attention is being focused on the passenger cell. Light will become an integral part of the passenger cell, taking on functional and design-specific tasks. Previously static light, which could only be switched on and off, has now been given a dynamic dimension with the prototype of the Osire E4633i – with countless design options for car manufacturer. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Thermal Management | Testing | Oct 08, 2018

Automatic Panel Level Transient Thermal Tester

Automatic Panel Level Transient Thermal Tester LpR 67 Article, page 44:The thermal resistance junction in case is an important parameter for the reliability of LEDs because degradation of the LED is temperature driven. Simulation and testing has advanced over the past few years but transient thermal analysis (TTA), which is required to understand the thermal transfer path, is especially work and time consuming - and not automated. Gordon Elger, Professor for Electronic Manufacturing Technologies, Technische Hochschule Ingolstadt, and his co-authors, Maximilian Schmidt, Alexander Hans, and Dominik Müller, present and discuss an automatic panel level TTA tester. They explain the challenges and the solution and demonstrate the applicability of using LED test board-panels. Read more »

Technologies | Light Generation | OLEDs | Special Applications | Displays | Aug 07, 2018

Electron Beam Patterning for Full-Color HR OLED Displays

Electron Beam Patterning for Full-Color HR OLED Displays OLED microdisplays are increasingly establishing themselves in consumer-ready wearables and data glasses. In order to meet the requirements for higher efficiency, higher contrast, and higher resolutions in these applications, Fraunhofer FEP scientists have developed a new micropatterning approach for OLEDs on silicon substrates. This might eliminate the use of color filters and shadow masks in the future and allow full-color displays to be developed by means of a new process. An increase in efficiency and considerably broader color gamut have already been demonstrated in first experiments. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Life-Time | Simulation Tools | Jul 30, 2018

Lifetime- and Economic Efficiency Simulation of LED Luminaires in Dymola/Modelica

Lifetime- and Economic Efficiency Simulation of LED Luminaires in Dymola/Modelica Article from LpR 66 | page 40: The lifetime of an LED system is usually specified by the LM-80 report using the TM-21 method. Unfortunately, this value is solely valid for one specific application. Sebastian Hämmerle and Thomas Schmitt from the University of Applied Sciences in Vorarlberg developed a new open-source Modelica library for dynamic simulation of LEDs: The DynaLed library. The aim of the work was to evaluate the lifetime and the corresponding economic efficiency of LEDs in dynamic operation by means of the LM-80 report and according to the TM-21 calculation method. Furthermore, it should be possible to use the library for component dimensioning, e.g. the heatsink. The primary task was to develop simulation models which can be parametrized with manufacturer information, e.g. the datasheet, but still provide sufficient accuracy. As an application example an LED louvre luminaire (Article Code: 29001077) from LEDON Lamp GmbH was simulated utilizing the developed library. At the end, results from the lifetime- and the economic efficiency simulation were discussed. Read more »

FEATURED

When Very High Light Output and Efficiency are Required for Demanding Applications, New LUXEON 7070 Checks All the Boxes

When Very High Light Output and Efficiency are Required for Demanding Applications, New LUXEON 7070 Checks All the Boxes More lumens, higher efficacy, and lower system costs are the driving forces behind new designs for a broad range of indoor and outdoor high light output applications. Lumileds new LUXEON 7070, introduced today, is designed to outperform similar lead-frame and ceramic high-power solutions with ... Read more »

FEATURED

NEW Extreme High Power LEDs Deliver Best Optical Performance

NEW Extreme High Power LEDs Deliver Best Optical Performance New XLamp® XHP70.3 LEDs deliver the best lumen density, reliability and optical control available in a 7x7 mm footprint.   Read more »

FEATURED

Edison Opto UVA + W & UVC Series Customize Design Solution

Edison Opto UVA + W & UVC Series Customize Design Solution Edison Opto offers customized UVA + White and UVC solutions for continuous disinfection to reduce bacteria and airborne viruses. In the wake of the global outbreak of COVID-19, the people’s need for anti-epidemic, sterilization, and anti-virus products has escalated, ranging from portable ... Read more »

EDITORIAL

deLIGHTed Talks: Good Light – Good Life in Wintertime, November 3, 2021

deLIGHTed Talks: Good Light – Good Life in Wintertime,  November 3, 2021 The Good Light Group, together with the Society for Light Treatment and Biological Rhythms (SLTBR), the Daylight Academy (DLA), the International Association of Lighting Designers (IALD), and Luger Research (LR), are organizing and presenting the “Good Light – Good Life” lectures. The webinar ... Read more »

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