Trends

Trends

Technologies | Research | Outdoor Applications | Health + Environment | Publications | Aug 06, 2019
ALAN May Be Increasing West Nile Virus Spillover from Wild Birds
ALAN May Be Increasing West Nile Virus Spillover from Wild Birds We're in the midst of summertime mosquito bite season and cities across the country are reporting a heightened number of West Nile Virus (WNV) cases. The house sparrow is one of the most common carriers of WNV in urban areas. Mosquitos feed off the infected birds and spread the virus to humans. New research finds house sparrows exposed to artificial light at night, such as what's used in parking lots, maintain higher burdens of WNV for longer than those who spend their nights in the dark. Read more »
Resources | LpR Article | Research | SciPiL | Medical | Jul 29, 2019
Flex LED Based Smart Light System for Healing of Chronic Wounds
Flex LED Based Smart Light System for Healing of Chronic Wounds LpR 71 Article - page 48: Chronic wounds are notoriously challenging to treat, because they do not follow the typical healing process or time-frame. The resulting burden is significant, affecting over 40 million patients. Blue light is known for its anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory effects in the initial stages of the healing process. David Kallweit, researcher at CSEM, reports about the joint development of a chronic wound treatment device with their MEDILIGHT partners, URGO RID, University of Heidelberg, SignalGenerix, Microsemi, Technical University of Berlin, and Amires. He furthermore shows how it works and discusses future prospects. Read more »
Technologies | Smart Lighting + IoT | Resources | LpR Article | Jul 29, 2019
Voice Controlled Lighting that Protects Privacy and Data
Voice Controlled Lighting that Protects Privacy and Data LpR 71 Article - page 54: Intelligent lighting systems undoubtedly offer high comfort and energy efficiency. But especially conventional voice control systems like Amazon Alexa, Apple Siri or OK Google, with connected lamps and lighting fixtures are also becoming targets for uninvited guests. The benefits and technology of a new approach offering local voice control and artificial intelligence will be explained by Genia Shipova, Director Global Communications at Snips. Read more »
Thermal Management | Forge Europe | Technologies | Jun 11, 2019
Get Your Thermals Sorted
Get Your Thermals Sorted Long-lasting LED solutions require superb thermal design – Forge ensures the thermal design is a fundamental design process for every LED solution they manufacture. Read more »
LEDs | Solar Systems | Technologies | Jun 04, 2019
Organic Solar Cells and Light-emitting Diodes United
Organic Solar Cells and Light-emitting Diodes United In the past 25 years of research on organic semiconductors, it was thought that organic solar cells and organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) could not be combined in a single device. A team of physicists headed by Prof. Koen Vandewal from Technische Universität Dresden has now succeeded in manufacturing an organic solar cell that simultaneously functions as an efficient OLED. Their findings were recently published in the internationally renowned journal Nature Materials. Read more »
Resources | LpR Article | Research | Health | Medical | Human Centric Lighting | May 16, 2019
Implications for Human-Centric Lighting Design in Tropical Nursing Homes: A Pilot Study
Implications for Human-Centric Lighting Design in Tropical Nursing Homes: A Pilot Study Light synchronizes our physiological and psychological rhythms to the 24-hour rhythm of the ambient changes. For the elderly, adequate environments to compensate for increasing frailty and sensory loss are crucial. Dr. Szu-Cheng Chien, Assistant Professor at the Singapore Institute of Technology reports from a pilot study that aimed to explore HCL design strategies in nursing homes in Singapore. Pre-/post implementation user surveys and quantitative evaluations were conducted. Read more »
Technologies | Research | Health | Human Centric Lighting | Full Spectrum LEDs | May 16, 2019
Scientific Study Demonstrates Positive Effects of Daylight LED on Visual Comfort, Melatonin, Mood, Waking Performance, and Sleep
Scientific Study Demonstrates Positive Effects of Daylight LED on Visual Comfort, Melatonin, Mood, Waking Performance, and Sleep There has been an increase in research activity on the relationship between light and human bio-function, including a recent scientific study focusing on the effects of light spectrum on sleep quality, visual comfort, well-being and daytime alertness conducted by Prof. Christian Cajochen and his team at the University of Basel in Switzerland, entitled: "Effect of Daylight LED on Visual Comfort, Melatonin, Mood, Waking Performance, and Sleep." Read more »
Technologies | LEDs | Monolythic RGB LEDs | Color-Tuning | May 02, 2019
Controlling Current, Duty Cycle and Pulses Allows Color Tuning in Monolithic GaN LEDs
Controlling Current, Duty Cycle and Pulses Allows Color Tuning in Monolithic GaN LEDs A new technique - the result of an international collaboration of scientists from Lehigh University, West Chester University, Osaka University and the University of Amsterdam - could pave the way for monolithic integration for simple color tuning of a light bulb, according to Volkmar Dierolf, Distinguished Professor and Chair of Lehigh's Department of Physics who worked on the project. Read more »
Technologies | Thermal Management | Material Science | Polymers | Apr 30, 2019
MIT Researchers Developed New Heat Conducting Polymer Films
MIT Researchers Developed New Heat Conducting Polymer Films Polymers are usually the go-to material for thermal insulation. Think of a silicone oven mitt, or a Styrofoam coffee cup, both manufactured from polymer materials that are excellent at trapping heat. Now MIT engineers have flipped the picture of the standard polymer insulator, by fabricating thin polymer films that conduct heat — an ability normally associated with metals. In experiments, they found the films, which are thinner than plastic wrap, conduct heat better than many metals, including steel and ceramic. Read more »
Technologies | Light Conversion | Phosphors | White LEDs | Apr 24, 2019
Energy-Saving New Red LED Phosphor Developed at University of Innsbruck
Energy-Saving New Red LED Phosphor Developed at University of Innsbruck The human eye is particularly sensitive to green, but less sensitive to blue and red. Chemists led by Hubert Huppertz have now developed a new red phosphor whose light is well perceived by the eye. This increases the light yield of white LEDs by around one sixth, which can significantly improve the energy efficiency of lighting systems. Read more »
Luminaires | Systems + Applications | Indoor Applications | Outdoor Applications | Architectural Lighting | Apr 09, 2019
GlacialLight Announces New Natural Sunlight of GL-FL35-NL Architectural Floodlighting Series
GlacialLight Announces New Natural Sunlight of GL-FL35-NL Architectural Floodlighting Series GlacialLight, the LED lighting division of GlacialTech Inc., announces the natural sunlight GL-FL35-NL Architectural Floodlighting series. The new lighting fixtures use the SEOUL SunLike CoB to light up objects in their natural colors. The CRI is 97, as well as the CQS (Color Quality Scale) is up to 98. The color fidelity index (TM-30-15 Rf) and color gamut score (TM-30-15 Rg) are close to natural light. Read more »
Research Reports | Resources | Smart Lighting + IoT | OpenAIS | LpR Article | Mar 28, 2019
User Evaluation of the OpenAIS Pilot Installation
User Evaluation of the OpenAIS Pilot Installation The OpenAIS project (2015-2018) has developed an open IoT lighting solution to enable a wider community to deliver the smartness of light, allowing easy adaptability to cater for the diversity of people and demands. The project is a cooperation between seven leading companies in the European industry and two academic partners: Signify, Zumtobel, Tridonic, Johnson Controls, Dynniq Belgium, NXP, ARM, Eindhoven University of Technology. Thomas van de Werff, Harm van Essen and Berry Eggen from the Eindhoven University of Technology describe the evaluation results of the pilot installation in a real office building in Eindhoven (The Netherlands), a former Philips factory. Read more »
Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Driver Modules | NFC | Mar 26, 2019
Standardized Programming of Lighting Components Using NFC Technology
Standardized Programming of Lighting Components Using NFC Technology LpR 70 Article, page 88: NFC programming of LED drivers is rapidly gaining popularity as a fast, feature-rich, flexible and easy method to set the operating characteristics of LED drivers inside luminaires. Arnulf Rupp, Chair of MD-SIG, describes how the MD-SIG specification for NFC programming of lighting components makes it easy for luminaire manufacturers to use NFC programming in a production line where multiple brand drivers are used one after the other. Read more »
Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Controls | Wireless | Bluetooth | Mar 26, 2019
Bluetooth Mesh Protocol as Applied to Lighting
Bluetooth Mesh Protocol as Applied to Lighting Little more than one year ago, Bluetooth SIG released the Bluetooth Mesh standardization. Meanwhile, it has become widely adopted and is also one of the favorite systems for lighting controls. Russ Sharer, Vice President of Global Marketing and Business Development for Fulham, starts with an explanation of the Bluetooth Mesh protocol as applied to lighting control and defining its key elements. In a second portion of the article, he answers questions that lighting control evaluators could be asking their vendor. Read more »
Resources | LpR Article | Research | Environment | Mar 26, 2019
When Nights Are No Longer Dark: Effects of Artificial Light at Night on Agroecosystems
When Nights Are No Longer Dark: Effects of Artificial Light at Night on Agroecosystems In recent decades, artificial lighting has become an integral part of the modern world. While the use of artificial light at night (ALAN) greatly benefits people, it often has unintended, negative consequences for wildlife and ecosystems. In particular, the increasing use of LED lighting raises ecological concerns due to its high content of blue light, to which many organisms are sensitive. Dr. Maja Grubisic, Researcher at the Leibniz-Institute and Guest Lecturer at Free University Berlin discusses how ALAN can directly and indirectly influence agroecosystems, with potential consequences for food production and biodiversity. Given the current lack of integrative studies on this important topic, the better understanding of effects of ALAN in agroecosystems is urgently needed. Read more »
Resources | LpR Article | Research | Environment | Mar 26, 2019
Hazard or Hope? LEDs and Wildlife
Hazard or Hope? LEDs and Wildlife LpR 70 Article, page 52: The introduction and widespread uptake of LEDs as outdoor lighting has caused no small amount of concern amongst conservation biologists. The prevailing impression that LEDs are always blue-white is well founded as adoption of LEDs for streetlights were invariably high color temperatures and with the deterioration of phosphors the blue wavelengths penetrated even more. But LEDs do have characteristics that differentiate them from other light sources and may allow for the reduction of environmental effects of lighting on species and habitats: direction, duration, intensity, and spectrum. Travis Longcore, Assistant Professor at the University of Southern California's School of Architecture, sheds light on all these aspects. Read more »
Resources | LpR Article | Research | Health | Medical | Human Centric Lighting | Mar 26, 2019
Lighting and Emergency Dept. Clinician Wellness and Performance Improvement
Lighting and Emergency Dept. Clinician Wellness and Performance Improvement LpR 70 Article, page 38: Short wavelength ("blue") light is known for its strong impact on humans covering "visual" function, wellness and performance of humans. Lighting has been recognized to have an effect on clinician wellness and performance as well as the occurence of medical errors. In a pilot study, Octavio L. Perez, Ph.D, WELL Accredited Professional and Adjunct Researcher at the Department of Population Health Science and Policy, and his team of scientists and physicians, Christopher Strother, Richard Vincent, Barbara Rabin and Harold S. Kaplan, from the Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, systematically investigated if and how a radically new lighting concept could improve wellness and performance in an emergency department. Read more »
Technologies | Research | Publications | Health | Human Centric Lighting | Mar 26, 2019
3D Bio-Optical Models Reveals How the Human Body Uses the Entire Solar Spectrum
3D Bio-Optical Models Reveals How the Human Body Uses the Entire Solar Spectrum History teaches that global changes to the public's environment mandate a higher level of scrutiny to ensure that we first do no harm. In "Melatonin and the Optics of the Human Body" published in the journal Melatonin Research, Zimmerman and Reiter combine optical ray tracing from lighting and ESR data from the medical industry to model for the first time the 3D free radical distributions generate by lighting sources in the human body. Read more »
Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Thermal Management | Feb 01, 2019
Materials, Manufacturing and Technologies for Designing Passive Cooling Devices
Materials, Manufacturing and Technologies for Designing Passive Cooling Devices Until recently, incandescent bulbs and fluorescent lights were the dominant light sources. Today it’s the energy efficient, durable and, in the meantime, cost effective, LED. But to achieve these attributes appropriate cooling is still necessary and due to progress over the last few years the need for active cooling solutions is limited to a few high power applications as long as the material and technology is carefully chosen. John Broadbent, Managing Director at Columbia-Staver Ltd., describes the different technologies and materials and gives practical advice on how to find the right solution for an application. Read more »
Technologies | LpR Article | Smart Lighting + IoT | Resources | Bluetooth | Jan 31, 2019
Qualified Bluetooth Mesh – Making Lighting Controls Future-Proof
Qualified Bluetooth Mesh – Making Lighting Controls Future-Proof LpR 69 Article, page 88: At Lightfair USA, Siegfried Luger met with Patrick Durand, Worldwide Technical Director at Future Lighting Solutions. One of Mr. Durand’s striking statements was: “Basically, what we need is to future-proof lighting control.” This was the first time that this important aspect was so clearly addressed by a representative of the industry. This led us to asking Mr. Durand to provide LED professional with a technical article to clarify the current situation, explain the technical background that led him to making that statement and to give an idea of which requirements a controls solution must fulfill to be truly future-proof. Read more »
Technologies | Research | Solid State Lighting | Light Generation | Perovskite | Jan 25, 2019
The Possible Future of Lighting - Paint-On Semiconductors from Ornate Quantum Physics
The Possible Future of Lighting - Paint-On Semiconductors from Ornate Quantum Physics LED lights and monitors, and quality solar panels were born of a revolution in semiconductors that efficiently convert energy to light or vice versa. Now, next-generation semiconducting materials are on the horizon, and in a new study, researchers have uncovered eccentric physics behind their potential to transform lighting technology and photovoltaics yet again. Read more »
Resources | Research | Environment | Street Lighting | Jan 22, 2019
Pollinators: Switch Street Lights off at Midnight to Help Moths and Nocturnal Wildlife
Pollinators: Switch Street Lights off at Midnight to Help Moths and Nocturnal Wildlife Conservation is often a conflict between the demands of development and a desire to do what is best for the environment. It’s rare that we get the chance to report a decision which was taken for the good of people that has also panned out well for nature’s ecosystems. However, that is just what our new research paper found. Read more »
Resources | LpR Article | Research | SciPiL | Optics | Jan 15, 2019
Optical Designs to Improve LED Lighting Efficiency of Medical Endoscopes
Optical Designs to Improve LED Lighting Efficiency of Medical Endoscopes Lighting efficiency for endoscopic instruments has been deemed very poor, at only about 20%. While laboratory tests demonstrate that fiber optics bending is not problematic, optical simulations clearly show that lighting efficiency is strongly limited by the Étendue. Because of strong geometrical constraints in the light coupling area of an endoscope system, only a radical new optical design can provide significant improvement. Alexander Gaertner and Paola Belloni from the Faculty of Mechanical and Medical Engineering and the Steinbeis Transferzentrum Lichttechnik und Beleuchtungsoptik at the University Furtwangen discuss these issues and propose possible approaches. Read more »
Resources | LpR Article | Research | Micro-Optics | Jan 15, 2019
Smart Design of Freeform Micro-Optical Elements for Thin Direct-Lit Luminaires
Smart Design of Freeform Micro-Optical Elements for Thin Direct-Lit Luminaires LpR 69 Article, page 64: Direct-lit LED luminaires consist of LED arrays. In order to achieve homogenous light distribution a diffuser sheet is placed at a certain height above the LED array. Usually the distance between the LEDs and the diffuser has to be greater than the distance between the LEDs on the array. To overcome this limitation, additional optical elements like freeform lenses are necessary. Christian Sommer, scientist at the Institute of Surface Technologies and Photonics of the Joanneum Research Forschungsges.m.b.H and his colleagues, Claude Leiner, Ladislav Kuna, Paul Hartmann and Franz P. Wenzl propose a smart design concept for an extremely flat, direct-lit lighting system, making use of mask-less laser direct write lithography. Read more »
Technologies | Research | LEDs | Light Conversion | IR-LEDs | Quantum Dots | Dec 13, 2018
Colloidal Quantum Dots Make LEDs Shine Bright in the Infrared
Colloidal Quantum Dots Make LEDs Shine Bright in the Infrared ICFO researchers report on the development of a colloidal quantum-dot light emitting diode with unprecedented quantum and power conversion efficiencies in the infrared range. The ideal optoelectronic semiconductor material should be a strong light emitter i.e. should emit light very efficiently upon optical excitation as well as be an efficient charge conductor to allow for electrical injection in devices. These two conditions when met can lead to highly efficient light emitting diodes as well as to solar cells with the possibility to approach the Shockley-Queisser limit. Until now the materials that have come close to meeting these conditions have been based on epitaxially-grown costly III-V semiconductors that cannot be monolithically integrated to CMOS electronics. Read more »
Resources | LpR Article | Research News | CIE | Applications | Dec 12, 2018
How to Use the Technologies for Adaptive Lighting
How to Use the Technologies for Adaptive Lighting The technologies to provide adaptive lighting are already in the marketplace and are accepted by some jurisdictions. Nonetheless, we have an inadequate understanding of how best to use these technologies, meaning that installations might not serve users well, and in the worst case, might lead to harm. Lighting researchers can generate the knowledge needed to support the best application of adaptive lighting technologies. The International Commission on Illumination (CIE) understands the importance and urgency to deal with problems of adaptive, dynamic and intelligent lighting in all application fields. Hence, this topic is a highlight of CIE’s research strategy. Read more »
Technologies | Research | LEDs | Perovskite | Light Generation | Nov 22, 2018
Researchers Push Perovskite LEDs' Efficiency To Rivaling Best OLEDs
Researchers Push Perovskite LEDs' Efficiency To Rivaling Best OLEDs Compared to OLEDs, which are widely used in high-end consumer electronics, the perovskite-based LEDs, developed by researchers at the University of Cambridge, can be made at much lower costs, and can be tuned to emit light across the visible and near-infrared spectra with high colour purity. Now, researchers have set a new efficiency record for LEDs based on perovskite semiconductors, rivalling that of the best Organic LEDs (OLEDs). Read more »
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