Trends

Technologies | LEDs | Light Generation | Dec 13, 2017

Atomistic Calculations Predict that Boron Incorporation Increases the Efficiency of LEDs

Atomistic Calculations Predict that Boron Incorporation Increases the Efficiency of LEDs High-power white LEDs face the same problem that Michigan Stadium faces on game day -- too many people in too small of a space. Of course, there are no people inside of an LED. But there are many electrons that need to avoid each other and minimize their collisions to keep the LED efficiency high. Using predictive atomistic calculations and high-performance supercomputers at the NERSC computing facility, researchers Logan Williams and Emmanouil Kioupakis at the University of Michigan found that incorporating the element boron into the widely used InGaN (indium-gallium nitride) material can keep electrons from becoming too crowded in LEDs, making the material more efficient at producing light. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Event-Reports | Technologies | Trends | Dec 13, 2017

LpS Gets a Younger Sibling to Foster a Holistic System Approach

LpS Gets a Younger Sibling to Foster a Holistic System Approach For the most part our readers are aware of the fact that the LpS has a strong focus on the component level, but after the 6th event, the Luger Research team realized that it was time to find a way to push the more holistic system approach. After much consideration and careful planning, the Trends in Lighting (TiL) Forum and Show was initiated and took place in conjunction with the LpS 2017. Arno Grabher-Meyer, Editor-in-Chief at LED professional took a close look at both exhibitions and the lectures to find out what the audience thought of the extension and broader outlook. Read more »

Technologies | Resources | Smart Lighting + IoT | Electronics | LpR Article | Nov 30, 2017

SoC Technologies in Lighting - Today’s Landscape and Tomorrow's Practices

SoC Technologies in Lighting - Today’s Landscape and Tomorrow's Practices A system-on-chip (SoC) quite suddenly became an important component in the lighting industry, fueling IoT innovation and opening new opportunities, while at the same time bringing disruption and new challenges. With rapid advancements in wireless communication, the impact of connected technologies on the lighting business will only keep increasing. This means deeper integration with SoCs and more attention from silicon vendors as they start competing for market share in this promising segment. But what is the current state of SoC design from the lighting perspective? Are chipmakers keeping up with the growing expectations for wireless lighting control solutions that are mature and truly reliable? When developing its complete Bluetooth software stack for professional lighting, Silvair worked with a number of different SoCs. Therefore, Piotr Winiarczyk, Wireless Solution Architect, and Szymon Rzadkosz might have found the answers to these questions. Read more »

Resources | Reports | Technologies | Light Conversion | News-Spot | Nov 20, 2017

Phosphors & QDs LED Downconverters Report for Lighting & Displays from Yole Développement

Phosphors & QDs LED Downconverters Report for Lighting & Displays from Yole Développement “Volume saturation, price pressure and a shifting intellectual property landscape are forcing the LED phosphor & QDs industry into a rationalization phase,” announces Dr. Eric Virey, Senior Technology & Market Analyst, Yole Développement (Yole). Read more »

Technologies | Light Simulation | Nov 15, 2017

Lighting Technology with Dynamic GI by Brilliant Games

Lighting Technology with Dynamic GI by Brilliant Games Brilliant Games has presented a new lighting system that will be used for the studio’s upcoming titles. The thing is that the technology is said to instantly calculate GI, providing outstanding results. Read more »

Augmented Reality | Technologies | Nov 14, 2017

NEC Improves Workplace Efficiency with AR Solution Utilizing Smart Glasses

NEC Improves Workplace Efficiency with AR Solution Utilizing Smart Glasses Tokyo, November 7, 2017 - NEC Corporation (NEC; TSE: 6701) today announced the development of an Augmented Reality (AR) solution to assist users with the selection of items through the use of smart glasses, a smart watch and new "ARmKeypad" functions. This solution enables users to perform tasks without having to look away from objects, making it ideal for use in manufacturing, logistics and other industries. Currently, NEC is carrying out demonstration tests at a hospital pharmacy and a manufacturing floor, where it has confirmed a reduction in workplace errors and working time thanks to the assistance of the new solution. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Electronics | Drivers | Nov 09, 2017

LED Driver Miniaturization - Opening New Opportunities for Solid State Lighting

LED Driver Miniaturization - Opening New Opportunities for Solid State Lighting While LEDs have significantly improved over the past decade, driver technologies have not kept pace and are, in some respects, the limiting factors for new applications. Size is a particular issue. Dramatically increasing the switching frequency helps to reduce size but often causes other issues or is costly. Mickey Madsen, CEO of Nordic Power Converters, explains how his company has overcome the hurdles and made it feasible by designing very high frequency LED drivers. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Electronics | Drivers | Nov 02, 2017

LED-Retrofit Based on AlGaN/GaN-on-Si Field- Effect Transistor Drivers

LED-Retrofit Based on AlGaN/GaN-on-Si Field- Effect Transistor Drivers Efficient driver technologies for LED systems are still a relevant topic. Several new approaches are proposed and new technologies are under development. Andreas Zibold, PhD student at the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Solid State Physics IAF, and his co-authors, M. Kunzer, R. Reiner, B. Weiß, P. Waltereit, R. Quay, J. Wagner, and O. Ambacher demonstrate the suitability of AlGaN/GaNon- Si field effect transistors (FETs) for their use in LED drivers. The transistors are tested in an isolated buck converter and an efficiency of 86% is measured for the full converter circuit. The driver circuit is combined with an LED module based on a laser-structured Aluminum Nitride (AlN) ceramic board onto which 21 high power white-emitting LED chips are mounted. This combination resulted in an LEDRetrofit lamp with a total light output of 2676 lm at an efficacy level of 119 lm/W. The results compare favorably to state-of-the-art commercial solutions. Read more »

Technologies | LEDs | Light Generation | Automotive | Oct 02, 2017

Eviyos LED Prototype Revolutionizes Smart Headlights

Eviyos LED Prototype Revolutionizes Smart Headlights The Eviyos prototype developed by Osram Opto Semiconductors is the world’s first hybrid LED and represents major progress toward the first market-ready smart controllable high-resolution LED. As soon as oncoming traffic is detected the appropriate pixels are automatically switched off so drivers of oncoming vehicles are not dazzled. The prototype, integrated in a demonstrator from Osram Specialty Lighting, were on show for the first time at ISAL from September 25 through 27, 2017 in Darmstadt. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Interview | Trends | Horticulture | Sep 25, 2017

Trends in Horticulture Lighting

Trends in Horticulture Lighting Cree has been a leader in general lighting applications for over 20 years and has customers ranging from restaurant chains to global government agencies. Paul Scheidt began his career in Cree in 2005, working on the development of their lighting applications. During this time, he has seen an increase in the horticulture lighting application. LED professional spoke to Paul Scheidt about horticulture lighting and what he thinks is behind this recent trend. He also shares his views of what he thinks the future holds for both Cree and horticulture lighting applications. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Light Conversion | Quantum Dots | Sep 25, 2017

Quantum Dot Based White LEDs for General Illumination

Quantum Dot Based White LEDs for General Illumination Colloidal quantum dot based white LEDs can be integrated into commercial products meeting the stringent reliability requirements for general illumination and providing LED efficiency gains of 5% to 15% over commercial phosphor based LEDs at CCT’s ranging from 5000 K to 2700 K. Unlike earlier demonstrations, the QD material is applied in an on-chip configuration resulting in drop-in fit, form, and function compatibility to existing LED based luminaires and lamps. Ken T. Shimizu, Director, Novel Technologies and Devices, Research and Development, M. Böhmer, D. Estrada, S. Gangwal, S. Grabowski, H. Bechtel, E. Kang, K. J. Vampola, D. Chamberlin, O. B. Shchekin, and J. Bhardwaj from Lumileds showcase the advantages of on-chip QD LEDs: A commercial lamp at 3000K color temperature and 90 CRI is substituted with QD based LEDs resulting in a system level efficiency gain up to 17%, attributed to the reduced blue LED droop from the lower drive current and the lower heat sink temperature when compared to the standard phosphor based LED lamp output. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Medical | Sep 25, 2017

Challenges when Designing LED-Based Illumination Systems in Medical Applications and Diagnostics

Challenges when Designing LED-Based Illumination Systems in Medical Applications and Diagnostics LEDs have become indispensable in medical technology and dentistry. But the requirements placed on these lighting products are very high: Minimized size, high, application specific color rendering index, efficient temperature management, usability and excellent disinfection opportunities are all extremely important. Prof. Paola Belloni from the Steinbeis Transfer Center Illumination Optics and Lighting Engineering and Furtwangen University, and Alexander Gärtner from the Faculty of Mechanical and Medical Engineering of the Furtwangen University discuss the requirements for different applications such as endoscopy, surgeries, dental devices, and photodynamic therapy. Further topics are the development of a self-disinfecting operation interface with edge-lit UV-A LEDs, and a new optimization approach, taking into account the reflection and absorption properties of human tissues. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Measurement | Lighting Simulation | Optics | Sep 25, 2017

Measurement of Angular and Spatial Resolved Spectral Rayfiles

Measurement of Angular and Spatial Resolved Spectral Rayfiles The enhanced complexity of modern lighting systems has increased the importance of realistic light source models during the optical design process of LED-based luminaires. I. Rotscholl, Research Associate, K. Trampert, C. Neumann, I. Leopoldo Sayanca from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, U. Krüger and F. Schmidt from the TechnoTeam Bildverarbeitung GmbH, propose a method to enhance the often used LED light source model “rayfile” towards a “spectral rayfile”. A spectral rayfile would be a model that associates each ray with its own spectrum and therefore describes varying spectra as a function of angular direction and spatial starting position. The PMBS (physical motivated basis spectra) method is based on the assumption that each LED spectrum consists of a weighted sum of individual basis spectra, for instance those of individual semiconductors and phosphors. There is no need for any special measurement equipment but a classic nearfield goniophotometer and some off-the-shelf optical filters. This method requires at least one spectral measurement and just a minimum of goniophotometric measurements with different optical filters. Finally, the authors demonstrate the potential of this method by applying the concept on a typical LED and compare the results to the often used Blue/Yellow approach in terms of accuracy and applicability. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research News | CIE | Health | Sep 25, 2017

CIE Calls for Focused Research Efforts to Support Healthful Lighting Recommendations

CIE Calls for Focused Research Efforts to Support Healthful Lighting Recommendations Not so long ago, vision scientists thought that light detection - photoreception - was exclusively performed by rod and cone cells in the retina. Photobiologists, however, conclusively demonstrated otherwise with the identification of the intrinsically photoreceptive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) [1]. Whereas rods and cones detect pattern and color, and send this information to the visual cortex, ipRGCs (of which we are learning there are several subtypes) detect irradiance, and route their information to many brain structures. The most thoroughly studied of these is the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus, location of the central circadian clock, where the light and dark signals trigger the offset and onset of production of the hormone melatonin. As shown in figure 1, however, ipRGCs also project to other structures, about which, as yet, we have little information. Read more »

Technologies | OLEDs | Flexible OLEDs | Sep 21, 2017

OLEDs Applied to Paper-Thin Stainless Steel

OLEDs Applied to Paper-Thin Stainless Steel Fraunhofer Institute for Organic Electronics, Electron Beam and Plasma Technology FEP, a provider of R&D in the field of organic electronics, will be presenting OLEDs on gauzy stainless steel foil during aimcal 2017 in Tampa/USA, from October 15-18, 2017. The novel application on display in Booth 22 was developed in cooperation with the Nippon Steel & Sumikin Materials Co., Ltd. (NSMAT) and Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation (NSSMC). Read more »

Technologies | LEDs | Light Generation | Sep 15, 2017

Tracing the Light Inside an LED

Tracing the Light Inside an LED The performance of white LEDs can be improved, based on better knowledge of the absorption and scattering of light inside the LED. A new method, developed by the University of Twente in The Netherlands and Philips Lighting, can lead to efficiency improvement and powerful design tools. Read more »

Technologies | LEDs | Light Generation | Sep 15, 2017

Nanoparticles Could Spur Better LEDs, Invisibility Cloaks

Nanoparticles Could Spur Better LEDs, Invisibility Cloaks In an advance that could boost the efficiency of LED lighting by 50 percent and even pave the way for invisibility cloaking devices, a team of University of Michigan researchers has developed a new technique that peppers metallic nanoparticles into semiconductors. Read more »

Business | Research News | Partnerships | Sep 13, 2017

Luger Research Creates an Active Network to Secure the Future of Innovation in Lighting: The First Meeting Will Take Place at the LpS 2017

Luger Research Creates an Active Network to Secure the Future of Innovation in Lighting: The First Meeting Will Take Place at the LpS 2017 Luger Research establishes the first scientific lighting partnership network for research experts and leaders in the lighting industry. The scientific partnership has been created to form an active network that will strengthen and build the connections between universities, research laboratories and industry. The scientific partnership’s mission is to enable and secure the continued development of innovation in lighting technology. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research News | CIE | Measurement | Calibration | Sep 13, 2017

CIE Research Strategy on Defining New Calibration Sources and Illuminants

CIE Research Strategy on Defining New Calibration Sources and Illuminants In photometry and radiometry, traceability of measurements requires appropriate calibration sources and transfer detectors. A major challenge is the technological revolution of lighting products towards LED lighting and the ban of incandescent lamps. This raises concern about the availability of incandescent photometric standard lamps in the future while the prices of such standard lamps are already increasing. In addition, calibration conditions should ideally be chosen to be as close as possible to the measurement conditions. Furthermore, the number of LED lighting measurements in laboratories and in the field has significantly increased, while the calibration of photometers is still done using incandescentbased standards. Therefore, it is important to investigate the pros and cons of replacement of conventional standard lamps with new solid-state technology. Peter Blattner and Tony Bergen, Division 2 Director and Secretary respectively, explain how CIE has defined the research topic “New Calibration Sources and Illuminants for Photometry, Colorimetry, and Radiometry” to address these concerns. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Commentary | Technologies | Trends | Sep 13, 2017

Brave New World and the Dualism of Light(ing)

Brave New World and the Dualism of Light(ing) The lighting business has been quite predictable over a long period of time. Technical changes were introduced slowly, dominated by a handful of leading companies, and mostly due to new, but not disruptive light sources. The life of engineers was mainly determined by a manageable number of parameters: Lighting requirements, light source parameters, costs, product dimensions, and the odd, required feature. Read more »

Light Generation | Technologies | OLEDs | Flexible OLEDs | Sep 12, 2017

Flexible OLEDs with Adjustable Colors – New Design Options for Lighting Designers

Flexible OLEDs with Adjustable Colors – New Design Options for Lighting Designers The Fraunhofer Institute for Organic Electronics, Electron Beam and Plasma Technology FEP, one of the leading R&D partners for surface technologies and organic electronics, specializes in the development and fabrication of OLED modules with unconventional properties for specific client designs. The Institute will debut flexible adjustable-color organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) at ISAL 2017 in Darmstadt, Germany from September 25-27, 2017 at its booth (No. 31). Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | LEDs | Manufacturing | Quality | Sep 07, 2017

Variability in LED Production and the Impact on Performance

Variability in LED Production and the Impact on Performance LEDs are subject to manufacturing deviations, which have an impact on the end product. Benoit Bataillou and T. Merelle, guest authors from Pi Lighting, review the surprisingly large impact on LED performance and light quality. They used traditional as well as modern indicators like CRI and TM-30 as well as the latest circadian indices to measure. The results are explained by spectral modeling and a variability study. They show the large impact on CRI, even with small deviations inside the same bin. Read more »

Technologies | LEDs | Light Generation | Perovskite | Sep 06, 2017

Green Light from 2D Formamidinium Perovskites for Ultra-Fine Display Colors

Green Light from 2D Formamidinium Perovskites for Ultra-Fine Display Colors Chemical engineers from ETH Zurich have succeeded in generating ultra-pure green light for the first time. The new light-emitting diode will pave the way for visibly improved color quality in a new generation of ultra-high definition displays for TVs and smartphones. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | LEDs | Electronics | Manufacturing | Aug 24, 2017

Smart LED System in Package through Wafer Level Integration Approach

Smart LED System in Package through Wafer Level Integration Approach It is believed that LEDs will dominate all lighting applications in the near future. Integration and packaging are the two critical issues that, if resolved, will enable efficient and reliable solutions for lighting requirements. Z. Kolahdouz, H. van Zeijl, and G. Q. Zhang from the Institute of Microsystems and Nanoelectronics (DIMES) at the Delft University of Technology, and M. Kolahdouz from the Thin Film Laboratory and Nano-Electronics at the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering of the University of Tehran show that wafer level packaging is a promising method to ensure lower cost, higher scale, and superior yield. A new integration approach of a smart unit of LED lighting is introduced: LED System in Package (SiP). Read more »

Technologies | Light Conversion | LEDs | Quantum Dots | Aug 23, 2017

1000 Hour Quantum Dot LED Milestone Surpassed by Quantum Materials Corp

1000 Hour Quantum Dot LED Milestone Surpassed by Quantum Materials Corp Leading American Cadmium Free Quantum Dot manufacturer Quantum Materials Corp announced successfully surpassing the 1000 hour continuous on-time durability test for the Company's cadmium-free quantum dots in a remote light emitting diode (LED) application. The testing has been conducted with red and green quantum dots encapsulated in resin and mounted to blue emitting LED's (see diagram below), which are similar to the type of LED's used in standard LCD display back light units (BLU). Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Optics | Aug 10, 2017

Ultrathin Direct-Lit LED Module with Beam Shaping Thin-Film Optics

Ultrathin Direct-Lit LED Module with Beam Shaping Thin-Film Optics Thin, high quality, LED light panels are still a challenge. LED professional’s scientific partner, CSEM, investigated and developed a new approach with its partners, GAIKER-IK4 and BASF-SE. The authors, Oscar Fernández and Rolando Ferrini, from CSEM, Leire Barruetabeña, from GAIKER-IK4, and Sorin Ivanovici from BASF SE, present a solution that uses low-cost and spectrally poor, ultra-cool white LEDs in conjunction with optical color conversion foils, to transform the output to a high-quality light. They also describe a combination with added lime and red LEDs for a color tunable solution. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Tech-Talks Bregenz | Engineering | Technologies | Simulation Tools | Aug 01, 2017

Tech-Talks BREGENZ - Jamie Singerman, Future Lighting Solutions

Tech-Talks BREGENZ - Jamie Singerman, Future Lighting Solutions We recently sat down with Jamie Singerman, Worldwide Corporate Vice President, and Patrick Durand, Technical Director for Future Lighting Solutions, a leading provider of Solid-State Lighting technologies, engineering expertise and online simulation and design tools, to discuss the company’s differentiators and their views on the ever changing lighting market. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Light Conversion | Jul 27, 2017

New Glass-Based Phosphors for White Light-Emitting Diodes

New Glass-Based Phosphors for White Light-Emitting Diodes Phosphors were always the key component of high quality white LED light. With the increased effîcacy and the higher power capabilities of blue high power LEDs, the phosphors become even more important for reliability, color consistency and overall light quality. Franziska Steudel, Florian Wagner, A. Charlotte Rimbach, Bernd Ahrens, Peter W. Nolte and Stefan Schweizer, scientists at the Fraunhofer Application Center for Inorganic Phosphors, a Branch Lab of Fraunhofer Institute for Microstructure of Materials and Systems IMWS, investigated different glass and ceramics based phosphors for white LEDs. Read more »

EcoDesign Directive | Reports | Resources | Jul 24, 2017

Energy Requirements for Lighting Systems Lead to Enormous Energy Savings and Improved Quality of Light

Energy Requirements for Lighting Systems Lead to Enormous Energy Savings and Improved Quality of Light Based on results from the Ecodesign Preparatory Study on Lighting Systems (ENER Lot 37), the Directorate-General on Energy will possibly present in the upcoming months specific policy proposals that will very positively influence the lighting system design for buildings and roads. If implemented, the EU-28 total annual electricity saving potential of 48-56 TWh/year in 2050 will exceed the saving potential of the existing EcoDesign Directive 245/2009 on lighting products in the tertiary sector. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Optics | Applications | Jul 17, 2017

Roadway Lighting Optics for Environment Adaptive Spatial Light Distribution

Roadway Lighting Optics for Environment Adaptive Spatial Light Distribution Roadway lighting for different environmental conditions is a challenging task. But even more challenging is to find a solution with outstanding task efficiency for both dry and wet tarmac surface conditions. The drawback of these types of solutions is that they are usually made up of two different lighting systems. Since the two systems are not usually used to an equal degree, they age at a different rate. Solving this problem is very complex. Viktor Zsellér, PhD student, and Dr. Krisztián Samu, Senior Lecturer, both from the Budapest University of Technology and Economics, propose an optical system that solves this conundrum. Read more »

FEATURED

Emergency Lighting Just Got Smarter

Emergency Lighting Just Got Smarter NEW NOW: OSRAM’s standalone solution for emergency lighting testing, reporting and maintenance. Meet the QBM DALI EL-T CONV, a converter transforming existing DALI emergency luminaires into wireless ones, all controlled by the same lighting system. Its benefits? Allowing you to design all the ... Read more »

FEATURED

Continuous versus Discrete Calibration Sources: Consideration for Use

Continuous versus Discrete Calibration Sources: Consideration for Use Rapid advancements in the field of solid-state lighting have presented opportunities for the use of LED-based systems for calibrations typically performed with lamp-based sources. Their highly efficient and long-lived performance, rapid power up, and compact size have made LED-based sources an ... Read more »

FEATURED

LUXTECH Offers First Compelling Flex Modules Designed to Replace Traditional Rigid Modules: LUXroll (UL Listed)

LUXTECH Offers First Compelling Flex Modules Designed to Replace Traditional Rigid Modules:  LUXroll (UL Listed) The Indirect Costs of Using Rigid Boards Make Switching to Flexible LED Modules a Compelling Choice. Read more »

EDITORIAL

New date: Light + Building Autumn Edition 2022

New date: Light + Building Autumn Edition 2022 Frankfurt am Main, January 10, 2022. As the pandemic situation continues to develop very dynamically, Messe Frankfurt is postponing the world's leading trade fair for light and building technology to autumn 2022. Last December, intensive discussions with customers and cooperation partners had ... Read more »

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