Trends

Trends | Smart Lighting + IoT | Resources | LpR Article | Jan 26, 2017

Smart Lighting Market and Technology Trends

Smart Lighting Market and Technology Trends Intelligent lighting technology that enables its users to control lighting through connected devices such as smart phones or remote controls is a big topic in the industry. A new report sheds light on different aspects of this business including drivers, restraints and opportunities. Jasmine Hinduja, Research Analyst at The Insight Partners, summarizes the major findings and how the trend to intelligent systems affects the companies regarding technology skills and strategies. Read more »

Technologies | OLEDs | Light Generation | Jan 24, 2017

CTI Project Results Promise a Bright Future for OLEDs

CTI Project Results Promise a Bright Future for OLEDs Developing a low-cost, efficient method of increasing the attractiveness of OLEDs for lighting poses a significant challenge. Thanks to a CTI project, CSEM and Sefar AG have succeeded in designing a promising state-of-the-art way of achieving this aim. This technology opens up new opportunities for applications in residential, architectural, professional lighting segments, as well as consumer electronics. Read more »

Trends | Smart Lighting + IoT | Resources | LpR Article | Jan 19, 2017

Flicker: Standards and Test Methods

Flicker: Standards and Test Methods Much has been written and said about Temporal Light Artifacts (TLAs). What is essential about TLAs is that they consist of flicker and/or stroboscopic effects induced by a light stimulus whose luminance or spectral distribution fluctuates with time and causes undesired changes in visual perception for an observer in a certain environment. Walter Parmiami, Senior Engineer at UL International Italia S.r.l., discusses the current status of regulations and measurement standards and proposes a certification to help manufacturers to generate user confidence, and consumers and specifiers to find the right product for an application Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Optics | Jan 12, 2017

Structured Glass Light Guides for Efficient Lighting

Structured Glass Light Guides for Efficient Lighting Glass injection molding technology (GIMT) for precision glass optics is a relatively new manufacturing technology. This expertise allows for producing efficient glass optics for LED lighting applications with special properties like undercut geometry or mounting flanges. A lot of progress has been made since it was introduced. Christian Passlick, Optical Engineer at Auer Lighting, shows how this improved technology supports making state-of-the-art light mixing structures for RGB/RGBW LED systems. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Manufacturing | LEDs | CoB LEDs | Jan 05, 2017

Comparing New Dielectric Materials for Chip-on-Board LED Packages

Comparing New Dielectric Materials for Chip-on-Board LED Packages Thermal management is still one of the most challenging issues in solid state lighting. With the increased application of COB LED technology, the portion of the dielectric material on the overall thermal resistance has become an important topic. Different solutions and new materials have been proposed over the last few years. Hui Zhang, Max Wagner, and Prof. Tran Quoc Khanh from the Laboratory of Lighting Technology at the Technische Universität Darmstadt compared different materials and present the results of their extensive research. Read more »

LpR Article | Research | Dec 22, 2016

The Perspective of Bio-Hybrid White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Rubber-Like Down- Converting Coatings

The Perspective of Bio-Hybrid White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Rubber-Like Down- Converting Coatings At first, white LED technology seems to be mature. But in truth, the technology is still far from being perfect and research on all LED materials and components is ongoing. At the LpS 2016 the research of Rubén D. Costa, Lukas Niklaus, Katharina Weber and Prof. Uwe Sonnewald from the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU) was honored with the LED professional Scientific Award. These authors investigated the use of organic light conversion materials for white LEDs. Their research shows that these bio-hybrid white LEDs could lower costs and improve light quality. The article describes the current status of the research and future perspectives. Read more »

LpR Article | Innovation | Dec 15, 2016

On-Chip Beam Forming Optics Paves the Way for New Luminaire Designs

On-Chip Beam Forming Optics Paves the Way for New Luminaire Designs An LED luminaire’s optical system usually consists of primary and secondary optics. This concept always causes a trade-off between light quality, system size, efficiency and light distribution. New concepts to make secondary optics obsolete have already been researched. Paul Drosihn, Head of Modular Products, and Samir Mezouari, Optics & Lighting Design Specialist at Plessey Semiconductors present the first of its kind chip scale beam forming technology, StellarTM. They explain how it works and how it helps to overcome the limitations of traditional optical solutions for LED lighting. Read more »

Products, Materials + Tools | Technology | Dec 09, 2016

LRC Releases Free, Open Access Circadian Stimulus Calculator

LRC Releases Free, Open Access Circadian Stimulus Calculator The Lighting Research Center (LRC) at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute has recently released a free, open-access circadian stimulus (CS) calculator to help lighting professionals select light sources and light levels that will increase the potential for circadian-effective light exposure in architectural spaces, utilizing the CS metric. Developed by LRC researchers, the CS metric is a new way to quantify light’s impact on acute melatonin suppression, a marker of circadian system activation. Read more »

Technologies | LECs | Light Generation | Nov 28, 2016

LECs - The Light of the Future Thanks Nanostructures

LECs - The Light of the Future Thanks Nanostructures In future they are to light up the inside of handbags or make evening joggers stand out in the dark: Light-emitting electrochemical cells, LECs, offer many advantages compared to familiar LEDs, but there's still something lacking – the right light. Until now only yellow light LECs are suitable for realistic use. But at least one other light colour is needed for more neutral light. Researchers in the Center for Nanointegration (CENIDE) of the University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE) have now been able to selectively change the colour for the first time and at the same time increase the performance of the LECs. Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | Nov 02, 2016

Optical Lithography Method for Advanced Light Extraction in LEDs

Optical Lithography Method for Advanced Light Extraction in LEDs Objective material selection for various target applications is key for successful product development. Efficient light extraction features are crucial for highly efficient LEDs. Thomas Uhrmann and Harun Solak, et.al* from EV Group and Eulitha AG will demonstrate a novel lithography method, PHABLE™, that enables the printing of sub-μm patterns in a non-contact, proximity process. Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | Oct 17, 2016

High-Index Nanocrystals - Key to Next Generation Advancements in Lighting

High-Index Nanocrystals - Key to Next Generation Advancements in Lighting Solid-State Lighting is destined to be a next generation lighting option. LEDs have already entered main stream applications and OLED technology has advanced greatly in the past few years in terms of efficacy and performance. Both technologies need to continue to improve performance to achieve high market acceptance. Dr. Gregory Cooper, Chief Technology Officer and Founder of Pixelligent Technologies LLC, illustrates how LED and OLED technology can advance to the next level by incorporating nanomaterials into existing packaging. Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | Oct 10, 2016

Technologies for Engineering an LED Light Closest to Sunlight

Technologies for Engineering an LED Light Closest to Sunlight TRI-R is a next-generation LED light source made possible by Toshiba Materials technology and commercialization together with TOL STUDIO. Using natural light that recreates the solar spectrum, TRI-R suppresses glare, prevents the loss of object color, and gives fresher, clearer expression to textures and details. Based on professional research examining the relationship light has with humans and the environment, this is illumination technology that provides the world surrounding us with the true and real value of light. Masahiko Yamakawa, Senior Specialist of Toshiba Materials Co.LTD., presents how this technology was developed and applied in some projects. Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | Oct 07, 2016

MOCVD Platform for Cost-Effective Production of GaN-based HB LEDs

MOCVD Platform for Cost-Effective Production of GaN-based HB LEDs GaN-based blue and ultraviolet light emitting diodes (LEDs) are steadily becoming more widely used in solid-state lighting (SSL) applications [1-3]. Enabling dramatic energy savings when compared to contemporary incandescent bulbs and fluorescent lamps, these high-brightness LEDs (HB-LEDs) have a market potential in the billions of dollars. Yole Development estimates that by 2017, the market for LEDs will be approximately $75 billion [4, 5]. Shiping Guo, the Senior Technology Director of Advanced Micro-Fabrication Equipment Inc. presents a new approach to support this goal with a cost effective MOCVD solution for HB-GaN LED manufacturing. Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | Sep 30, 2016

OLED Technology in Lighting Applications

OLED Technology in Lighting Applications Prototypes and niche applications with OLEDs for lighting have been demonstrated over the past few years. Now there are indications that OLED technology is ready for mass production or at least will be ready very soon. Franco Musiari, Technology Specialist at ASSODEL analyzed the current status and future perspectives of OLED technology. Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | Sep 12, 2016

LED and Lens Degradation Through Volatile Organic Compounds

LED and Lens Degradation Through Volatile Organic Compounds In general, LEDs are very resistant light sources. Nevertheless, glues, conformal coatings, o-rings, gaskets, and potting compounds, all materials that are frequently used in the construction of LED based luminaires or lamps and often contain volatile organic compounds (VOCs) may have a negative impact on performance, reliability and lifetime. Edward Steinke, application engineer at Cree, explains the set of problems and how to prevent these issues based on Cree’s products, using their test kit components, as well as components for lamp and luminaire applications. Read more »

Technologies | OLEDs | Flexible OLEDs | Sep 09, 2016

Researchers Propose Graphene Anode for Flexible OLEDs

Researchers Propose Graphene Anode for Flexible OLEDs In their research article, Tae-Hee Han, Min-Ho Park, Sung-Joo Kwon, Sang-Hoon Bae, Hong-Kyu Seo, Himchan Cho, Jong-Hyun Ahn and Tae-Woo Lee from the Pohang University of Science and Technology and the Yonsei University in Korea respectively investigated the use of praphene anodes for ultra-flexible OLED devices. The original article, "Approaching Ultimate Flexible Organic Light Emitting Diodes Using a Graphene Anode", is published in NPG Asia Materials (2016) 8, e303; doi:10.1038/am.2016.108 online on September 9, 2016. Read more »

LpR Article | Research

Der Lichtpeter, Peter Erwin on Flicker Beyond Perception Limits - A Summary of Lesser Known Research Results

Well, our opinions join quite well. How about to have the CFD by Der Lichtpeter as the first really eligible method to measure light modulation [...] Read more »

Lp Article | Technologies | Sep 06, 2016

LightSpeed Experience Center

LightSpeed Experience Center On August 26th, 2016 the editors of LED professional Review were invited by EBV Elektronik to visit their newly established “LightSpeed Experience Center” in Poing near Munich. It’s a very special meeting center, where you can view advanced and future technologies in the optoelectronics world. You could call it a tech incubator and think tank that enables innovation and creativity to combine. Read more »

LpR Article | Research

Gyula Major on Flicker Beyond Perception Limits - A Summary of Lesser Known Research Results

The article is astonishingly good. I’d like to make only one comment. It was mentioned in the introduction “...for high quality lighting very likely a [...] Read more »

LpR Article | Research | Aug 29, 2016

Quality and Health Aspects of LED Lamps for the European Residential Lighting Market

Quality and Health Aspects of LED Lamps for the European Residential Lighting Market Because of shortfalls in regards to consumer information about high quality, energy efficient, substitute products for incandescent lamps, there has been a significant amount of irritation on the side of the consumer. As part of the Intelligent Energy Europe Program of the European Union, Prof. Dr. Georges Zissis from the Paul Sabatier - University Toulouse and his team investigated 370 LED lamps. All relevant parameters of 95 different lamp types from store shelves in 12 European countries were measured and evaluated regarding quality and health issues. Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | Medical | Aug 22, 2016

High-End White Light Sources Fiber Optics Technology for Medical Applications

High-End White Light Sources Fiber Optics Technology for Medical Applications Often technologies that are too expensive for the mass market at the beginning are already adopted in medical applications. When reaching a certain level of maturity, costs usually become more reasonable and adaptations for the consumer market begins. Holger Laabs, Oliver Mehl and Henning Rehn from Osram GmbH present a light source technology and its prerequisites for fiber optics that could become one of these technologies. Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | Aug 15, 2016

Concepts to Overcome Lifetime Issues of LED Drivers

Concepts to Overcome Lifetime Issues of LED Drivers Lighting technology has changed significantly in recent years after a century of little to modest advancements. LED luminaires offer advancement in lower power consumption and expected life. Maggie Nadjmi, EE Product Manager at SL Power Electronics, explains why this new technology will probably not meet the life and reliability expectations if no attention is paid to the drivers and power supplies used to power LEDs. She discusses the main components affecting lifetime and how to eliminate them or design a product to still achieve the desired lifetime. Read more »

LpR Article | Research | Aug 11, 2016

Flicker Beyond Perception Limits - A Summary of Lesser Known Research Results

Flicker Beyond Perception Limits - A Summary of Lesser Known Research Results Since the introduction of fluorescent lamps, the lighting industry knows about flicker issues. However, many aspects are still unclear. Especially effects beyond the flicker fusion threshold are mostly ignored, and sometimes even denied. Dr. Walter Werner, CEO of Werner Consulting, gives a summary of research results indicating that further research is needed and that for high quality lighting very likely a much higher PWM modulation frequency is required. Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | Aug 05, 2016

Reliability Oriented Design of LED-Based Light Sources

Reliability Oriented Design of LED-Based Light Sources The transition from traditional light sources to SSL systems requires a different design philosophy to achieve the advantages offered by LED light sources. The key approach is based on the parallel design of thermal, electrical, optical and spectral properties of the light source. Matteo Meneghini, Gaudenzio Meneghesso, Enrico Zanoni and Matteo Dal Lago from the Department of Information Engineering at the University of Padova, and Nicola Trivellin from LightCube SRL explain this approach including the importance of the electrical management of LEDs, comparing modulation techniques to constant current, differentiating between versatility and efficiency. Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | Jul 28, 2016

InGaN Nanowires Make Light Mixing Efficient and Smart

InGaN Nanowires Make Light Mixing Efficient and Smart The correlated color temperature (CCT) of high color rendering index (CRI) LED lighting systems can, in principle, be tuned over a wide range. As an alternative approach to conventional phosphor based LEDs, a full-color LED array consisting of red, green and blue (RGB) InGaN based nanowire LEDs monolithically integrated on a micro-scale level has been proposed and fabricated. J. Lee from the Nano Electronics Lab at the Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Renjie Wang, Hieu P. T. Nguyen, Ashfiqua T. Connie, Ishiang Shih, and Zetian Mi from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at McGill University in Montreal explain how this technology works and how the three multi-color subpixels on the same chip can be separately biased and can exhibit full-color emission which can be tuned controllably in a wide CCT range. Read more »

LpR Article | Research | Jul 21, 2016

A Graphene-Based, Spectrally Tunable, Flexible Field-Effect Light-Emitting Device by the Tsinghua University and the Tsinghua National Laboratory for Information Science and Technology

A Graphene-Based, Spectrally Tunable, Flexible Field-Effect Light-Emitting Device by the Tsinghua University and the Tsinghua National Laboratory for Information Science and Technology The continuous tuning of the emission spectrum of a single light-emitting diode (LED) by an external electrical bias is of great technological significance as a crucial property in high-quality displays and may be used in high quality lighting applications, yet this capability has not been demonstrated in existing LEDs. Graphene, a tunable optical platform, is a promising medium to achieve this goal. Xiaomu Wang, He Tian, Mohammad Ali Mohammad, Cheng Li, Can Wu, Yi Yang, and Tian-Ling Ren from the Institute of Microelectronics at the Tsinghua University in Beijing and the Tsinghua National Laboratory for Information Science and Technology (TNList) demonstrate a bright spectrally tunable electroluminescence from blue (~450 nm) to red (~750 nm) at the graphene oxide/reduced-graphene oxide interface. Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | Jul 18, 2016

Mastering Thermal Issues in LED PCB Design & Laminate Selection by Ventec Europe

Mastering Thermal Issues in LED PCB Design & Laminate Selection by Ventec Europe LED applications are not the only applications that are driving the need for thermal issues to be considered and mastered in PCB design, but they are certainly amongst the most challenging. Designing LED PCBs requires many considerations and key are those that arise from multiple heat sources in close proximity. Martin Cotton, Director OEM Technology of Ventec Europe describes the process and criteria used when designing PCBs (Printed Circuit Boards) for use in LED applications using thermally conductive IMS (Insulated Metal Substrates). He goes into technical detail with charts and diagrams that explain everything the designer would need to consider when selecting a laminate and commencing a design. Read more »

Technologies | Thermal Management | Jul 14, 2016

Engineered “Sand” May Help Cool Electronic Devices and LEDs

Engineered “Sand” May Help Cool Electronic Devices and LEDs Giorgia Tech Research reports that Baratunde Cola, associated professor at the George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology, would like to put sand into your computer and other electronic devices. Not beach sand, but silicon dioxide nanoparticles coated with a high dielectric constant polymer to inexpensively provide improved cooling for increasingly power-hungry electronic devices. Read more »

Technologies | LEDs | Light Generation | Quality | Jul 12, 2016

The Right Light for Fashion Retail, Fresh Food and Restaurants - More than just CCT and CRI

The Right Light for Fashion Retail, Fresh Food and Restaurants - More than just CCT and CRI Lumileds recently introduced their Luxeon Stylist Series to support fashion, retail, fresh food sales and restaurants. Lumileds calls their proprietary technology for CoB LEDs CrispWhite Technology, CrispColor Technology™, FreshFocus Technology™ and AtmoSphere Technology™ depending on the focus. In preparation for the product release, Rick Hamburger, Senior Director of Product Management, Eric Senders, Product Line Director CoB, Luis Acena, Senior Manager, Luxeon Stylist Series, Kevin Lucido, Senior Director of Global Marketing Communications discussed the technology and features of the new product series with Arno Grabher-Meyer from LED professional. Read more »

LpR Article | Research | Jul 11, 2016

Al2O3 Coated Europium- Activated Aluminum Silicon Nitride for COB LED Technology by the Graz University of Technology and Tridonic Jennersdorf

Al2O3 Coated Europium- Activated Aluminum Silicon Nitride for COB LED Technology by the Graz University of Technology and Tridonic Jennersdorf Eu2+ activated nitride phosphors have drawn much interest for solid state lighting because of their interesting photoluminescence. While they show excellent optical properties, they are hygroscopic and have the potential of being degraded by atmospheric moisture and high temperatures. A coating layer on the surface is an effective method to improve stability against moisture and oxidation. For use in chip on board technology, Nika Mahne, master student at the Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, A. Reichmann, B. Bitschnau, R. Fischer, from the Graz University of Technology, and F. Schrank from Tridonic Jennersdorf propose an approach where a CaAlSiN3:Eu2+ [1, 2, 3] phosphor was coated with Al2O3, obtained via a Brønsted precipitation reaction based on a solution-coating process from a mixture of aluminum halide with a base after annealing at a temperature of 400°C. Read more »

FEATURED

WHITE PAPER: Measuring UVA & Violet LED Light Sources

WHITE PAPER: Measuring UVA & Violet LED Light Sources As the development of new UV LED sources continues at an ever-growing pace, so do the industrial applications that utilize them. UV LEDs are being put to work in various industrial processes, medical applications, and disinfection solutions. Efficient utilization of the UV radiation requires good ... Read more »

FEATURED

Luminus Releases Hospitality COB Series for Hotels and Restaurants

Luminus Releases Hospitality COB Series for Hotels and Restaurants Luminus Devices has announced its new Hospitality COB series featuring high color rendering, precise chromaticity control and Warm CCTs. With LES sizes ranging from 6mm to 22mm, and lumen output from 500 to 5000 lumens, the Luminus Hospitality COB series is the smart choice for beautiful, warm ... Read more »

FEATURED

New Cree LED™ XLamp® XP-P LEDs Deliver Breakthrough Intensity

New Cree LED™ XLamp® XP-P LEDs Deliver Breakthrough Intensity Our name has changed, but our commitment to superior LED technology, reliability, innovation, support, and service remains steadfast. The same teams with years of Cree LED experience are newly energized to help our customers improve their LED-based products and develop new applications. Read more »

FEATURED

New LUXEON® SkyBlue™ LED Solution Simplifies and Speeds Development of Human-Centric Lighting

New LUXEON® SkyBlue™ LED Solution Simplifies and Speeds Development of  Human-Centric Lighting Lumileds today announced the immediate availability of its new LED human-centric lighting solution – LUXEON SkyBlue. In partnership with BIOS Lighting, Lumileds has engineered a circadian lighting solution that delivers superior melanopic ratios at comfortable CCTs – 3000K, 3500K, and 4000K – with ... Read more »

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