Trends

Technologies | Research | OLEDs | Perovskite | Light Generation | Light Sources | Aug 06, 2019

High Performance from Extraordinarily Thick Organic Light Emitting Diodes with Perovskite Layers

High Performance from Extraordinarily Thick Organic Light Emitting Diodes with Perovskite Layers By combining thin organic layers with thick layers of hybrid perovskite, researchers at Kyushu University in Japan have developed micrometer-thick organic light-emitting diodes that could improve the affordability and viewing angles of high-performance displays and televisions in the near future. Read more »

Technologies | Research | Outdoor Applications | Health + Environment | Publications | Aug 06, 2019

ALAN May Be Increasing West Nile Virus Spillover from Wild Birds

ALAN May Be Increasing West Nile Virus Spillover from Wild Birds We're in the midst of summertime mosquito bite season and cities across the country are reporting a heightened number of West Nile Virus (WNV) cases. The house sparrow is one of the most common carriers of WNV in urban areas. Mosquitos feed off the infected birds and spread the virus to humans. New research finds house sparrows exposed to artificial light at night, such as what's used in parking lots, maintain higher burdens of WNV for longer than those who spend their nights in the dark. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | SciPiL | Medical | Jul 29, 2019

Flex LED Based Smart Light System for Healing of Chronic Wounds

Flex LED Based Smart Light System for Healing of Chronic Wounds LpR 71 Article - page 48: Chronic wounds are notoriously challenging to treat, because they do not follow the typical healing process or time-frame. The resulting burden is significant, affecting over 40 million patients. Blue light is known for its anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory effects in the initial stages of the healing process. David Kallweit, researcher at CSEM, reports about the joint development of a chronic wound treatment device with their MEDILIGHT partners, URGO RID, University of Heidelberg, SignalGenerix, Microsemi, Technical University of Berlin, and Amires. He furthermore shows how it works and discusses future prospects. Read more »

Technologies | Smart Lighting + IoT | Resources | LpR Article | Jul 29, 2019

Voice Controlled Lighting that Protects Privacy and Data

Voice Controlled Lighting that Protects Privacy and Data LpR 71 Article - page 54: Intelligent lighting systems undoubtedly offer high comfort and energy efficiency. But especially conventional voice control systems like Amazon Alexa, Apple Siri or OK Google, with connected lamps and lighting fixtures are also becoming targets for uninvited guests. The benefits and technology of a new approach offering local voice control and artificial intelligence will be explained by Genia Shipova, Director Global Communications at Snips. Read more »

Thermal Management | Forge Europe | Technologies | Jun 11, 2019

Get Your Thermals Sorted

Get Your Thermals Sorted Long-lasting LED solutions require superb thermal design – Forge ensures the thermal design is a fundamental design process for every LED solution they manufacture. Read more »

LEDs | Solar Systems | Technologies | Jun 04, 2019

Organic Solar Cells and Light-emitting Diodes United

Organic Solar Cells and Light-emitting Diodes United In the past 25 years of research on organic semiconductors, it was thought that organic solar cells and organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) could not be combined in a single device. A team of physicists headed by Prof. Koen Vandewal from Technische Universität Dresden has now succeeded in manufacturing an organic solar cell that simultaneously functions as an efficient OLED. Their findings were recently published in the internationally renowned journal Nature Materials. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Health | Medical | Human Centric Lighting | May 20, 2019

Implications for Human-Centric Lighting Design in Tropical Nursing Homes: A Pilot Study

Implications for Human-Centric Lighting Design in Tropical Nursing Homes: A Pilot Study Light synchronizes our physiological and psychological rhythms to the 24-hour rhythm of the ambient changes. For the elderly, adequate environments to compensate for increasing frailty and sensory loss are crucial. Dr. Szu-Cheng Chien, Assistant Professor at the Singapore Institute of Technology reports from a pilot study that aimed to explore HCL design strategies in nursing homes in Singapore. Pre-/post implementation user surveys and quantitative evaluations were conducted. Read more »

Technologies | Research | Health | Human Centric Lighting | Full Spectrum LEDs | May 16, 2019

Scientific Study Demonstrates Positive Effects of Daylight LED on Visual Comfort, Melatonin, Mood, Waking Performance, and Sleep

Scientific Study Demonstrates Positive Effects of Daylight LED on Visual Comfort, Melatonin, Mood, Waking Performance, and Sleep There has been an increase in research activity on the relationship between light and human bio-function, including a recent scientific study focusing on the effects of light spectrum on sleep quality, visual comfort, well-being and daytime alertness conducted by Prof. Christian Cajochen and his team at the University of Basel in Switzerland, entitled: "Effect of Daylight LED on Visual Comfort, Melatonin, Mood, Waking Performance, and Sleep." Read more »

Technologies | LEDs | Monolythic RGB LEDs | Color-Tuning | May 02, 2019

Controlling Current, Duty Cycle and Pulses Allows Color Tuning in Monolithic GaN LEDs

Controlling Current, Duty Cycle and Pulses Allows Color Tuning in Monolithic GaN LEDs A new technique - the result of an international collaboration of scientists from Lehigh University, West Chester University, Osaka University and the University of Amsterdam - could pave the way for monolithic integration for simple color tuning of a light bulb, according to Volkmar Dierolf, Distinguished Professor and Chair of Lehigh's Department of Physics who worked on the project. Read more »

Technologies | Thermal Management | Material Science | Polymers | Apr 30, 2019

MIT Researchers Developed New Heat Conducting Polymer Films

MIT Researchers Developed New Heat Conducting Polymer Films Polymers are usually the go-to material for thermal insulation. Think of a silicone oven mitt, or a Styrofoam coffee cup, both manufactured from polymer materials that are excellent at trapping heat. Now MIT engineers have flipped the picture of the standard polymer insulator, by fabricating thin polymer films that conduct heat — an ability normally associated with metals. In experiments, they found the films, which are thinner than plastic wrap, conduct heat better than many metals, including steel and ceramic. Read more »

Technologies | Light Conversion | Phosphors | White LEDs | Apr 24, 2019

Energy-Saving New Red LED Phosphor Developed at University of Innsbruck

Energy-Saving New Red LED Phosphor Developed at University of Innsbruck The human eye is particularly sensitive to green, but less sensitive to blue and red. Chemists led by Hubert Huppertz have now developed a new red phosphor whose light is well perceived by the eye. This increases the light yield of white LEDs by around one sixth, which can significantly improve the energy efficiency of lighting systems. Read more »

Technologies | Research | LEDs | Light Generation | Exciton | Apr 15, 2019

TU Vienna - New Method to Generate Light from Exotic Particle States

TU Vienna  - New Method to Generate Light from Exotic Particle States A new type of light-emitting diode has been developed at TU Wien. Light is produced from the radiative decay of exciton complexes in layers of just a few atoms thickness. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Driver Modules | NFC | Apr 12, 2019

Standardized Programming of Lighting Components Using NFC Technology

Standardized Programming of Lighting Components Using NFC Technology LpR 70 Article, page 88: NFC programming of LED drivers is rapidly gaining popularity as a fast, feature-rich, flexible and easy method to set the operating characteristics of LED drivers inside luminaires. Arnulf Rupp, Chair of MD-SIG, describes how the MD-SIG specification for NFC programming of lighting components makes it easy for luminaire manufacturers to use NFC programming in a production line where multiple brand drivers are used one after the other. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Controls | Wireless | Bluetooth | Apr 10, 2019

Bluetooth Mesh Protocol as Applied to Lighting

Bluetooth Mesh Protocol as Applied to Lighting Little more than one year ago, Bluetooth SIG released the Bluetooth Mesh standardization. Meanwhile, it has become widely adopted and is also one of the favorite systems for lighting controls. Russ Sharer, Vice President of Global Marketing and Business Development for Fulham, starts with an explanation of the Bluetooth Mesh protocol as applied to lighting control and defining its key elements. In a second portion of the article, he answers questions that lighting control evaluators could be asking their vendor. Read more »

Luminaires | Systems + Applications | Indoor Applications | Outdoor Applications | Architectural Lighting | Apr 09, 2019

GlacialLight Announces New Natural Sunlight of GL-FL35-NL Architectural Floodlighting Series

GlacialLight Announces New Natural Sunlight of GL-FL35-NL Architectural Floodlighting Series GlacialLight, the LED lighting division of GlacialTech Inc., announces the natural sunlight GL-FL35-NL Architectural Floodlighting series. The new lighting fixtures use the SEOUL SunLike CoB to light up objects in their natural colors. The CRI is 97, as well as the CQS (Color Quality Scale) is up to 98. The color fidelity index (TM-30-15 Rf) and color gamut score (TM-30-15 Rg) are close to natural light. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Environment | Apr 08, 2019

When Nights Are No Longer Dark: Effects of Artificial Light at Night on Agroecosystems

When Nights Are No Longer Dark: Effects of Artificial Light at Night on Agroecosystems In recent decades, artificial lighting has become an integral part of the modern world. While the use of artificial light at night (ALAN) greatly benefits people, it often has unintended, negative consequences for wildlife and ecosystems. In particular, the increasing use of LED lighting raises ecological concerns due to its high content of blue light, to which many organisms are sensitive. Dr. Maja Grubisic, Researcher at the Leibniz-Institute and Guest Lecturer at Free University Berlin discusses how ALAN can directly and indirectly influence agroecosystems, with potential consequences for food production and biodiversity. Given the current lack of integrative studies on this important topic, the better understanding of effects of ALAN in agroecosystems is urgently needed. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Environment | Apr 03, 2019

Hazard or Hope? LEDs and Wildlife

Hazard or Hope? LEDs and Wildlife LpR 70 Article, page 52: The introduction and widespread uptake of LEDs as outdoor lighting has caused no small amount of concern amongst conservation biologists. The prevailing impression that LEDs are always blue-white is well founded as adoption of LEDs for streetlights were invariably high color temperatures and with the deterioration of phosphors the blue wavelengths penetrated even more. But LEDs do have characteristics that differentiate them from other light sources and may allow for the reduction of environmental effects of lighting on species and habitats: direction, duration, intensity, and spectrum. Travis Longcore, Assistant Professor at the University of Southern California's School of Architecture, sheds light on all these aspects. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Health | Medical | Human Centric Lighting | Apr 01, 2019

Lighting and Emergency Dept. Clinician Wellness and Performance Improvement

Lighting and Emergency Dept. Clinician Wellness and Performance Improvement LpR 70 Article, page 38: Short wavelength ("blue") light is known for its strong impact on humans covering "visual" function, wellness and performance of humans. Lighting has been recognized to have an effect on clinician wellness and performance as well as the occurence of medical errors. In a pilot study, Octavio L. Perez, Ph.D, WELL Accredited Professional and Adjunct Researcher at the Department of Population Health Science and Policy, and his team of scientists and physicians, Christopher Strother, Richard Vincent, Barbara Rabin and Harold S. Kaplan, from the Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, systematically investigated if and how a radically new lighting concept could improve wellness and performance in an emergency department. Read more »

Research Reports | Resources | Smart Lighting + IoT | OpenAIS | LpR Article | Mar 29, 2019

User Evaluation of the OpenAIS Pilot Installation

User Evaluation of the OpenAIS Pilot Installation The OpenAIS project (2015-2018) has developed an open IoT lighting solution to enable a wider community to deliver the smartness of light, allowing easy adaptability to cater for the diversity of people and demands. The project is a cooperation between seven leading companies in the European industry and two academic partners: Signify, Zumtobel, Tridonic, Johnson Controls, Dynniq Belgium, NXP, ARM, Eindhoven University of Technology. Thomas van de Werff, Harm van Essen and Berry Eggen from the Eindhoven University of Technology describe the evaluation results of the pilot installation in a real office building in Eindhoven (The Netherlands), a former Philips factory. Read more »

Technologies | Research | Publications | Health | Human Centric Lighting | Mar 26, 2019

3D Bio-Optical Models Reveals How the Human Body Uses the Entire Solar Spectrum

3D Bio-Optical Models Reveals How the Human Body Uses the Entire Solar Spectrum History teaches that global changes to the public's environment mandate a higher level of scrutiny to ensure that we first do no harm. In "Melatonin and the Optics of the Human Body" published in the journal Melatonin Research, Zimmerman and Reiter combine optical ray tracing from lighting and ESR data from the medical industry to model for the first time the 3D free radical distributions generate by lighting sources in the human body. Read more »

Technologies | Research | LEDs | Nano-Structures | Light Extraction | Feb 21, 2019

An Old Story Re-Edited? - Firefly-Inspired Surfaces Improve LED Efficiency

An Old Story Re-Edited? - Firefly-Inspired Surfaces Improve LED Efficiency A new type of light-emitting diode lightbulb could one day light homes and reduce power bills, according to Penn State researchers who suggest that LEDs made with firefly-mimicking structures could improve efficiency. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Thermal Management | Feb 18, 2019

Materials, Manufacturing and Technologies for Designing Passive Cooling Devices

Materials, Manufacturing and Technologies for Designing Passive Cooling Devices Until recently, incandescent bulbs and fluorescent lights were the dominant light sources. Today it’s the energy efficient, durable and, in the meantime, cost effective, LED. But to achieve these attributes appropriate cooling is still necessary and due to progress over the last few years the need for active cooling solutions is limited to a few high power applications as long as the material and technology is carefully chosen. John Broadbent, Managing Director at Columbia-Staver Ltd., describes the different technologies and materials and gives practical advice on how to find the right solution for an application. Read more »

Technologies | LpR Article | Smart Lighting + IoT | Resources | Bluetooth | Jan 31, 2019

Qualified Bluetooth Mesh – Making Lighting Controls Future-Proof

Qualified Bluetooth Mesh – Making Lighting Controls Future-Proof LpR 69 Article, page 88: At Lightfair USA, Siegfried Luger met with Patrick Durand, Worldwide Technical Director at Future Lighting Solutions. One of Mr. Durand’s striking statements was: “Basically, what we need is to future-proof lighting control.” This was the first time that this important aspect was so clearly addressed by a representative of the industry. This led us to asking Mr. Durand to provide LED professional with a technical article to clarify the current situation, explain the technical background that led him to making that statement and to give an idea of which requirements a controls solution must fulfill to be truly future-proof. Read more »

Technologies | Research | Solid State Lighting | Light Generation | Perovskite | Jan 25, 2019

The Possible Future of Lighting - Paint-On Semiconductors from Ornate Quantum Physics

The Possible Future of Lighting - Paint-On Semiconductors from Ornate Quantum Physics LED lights and monitors, and quality solar panels were born of a revolution in semiconductors that efficiently convert energy to light or vice versa. Now, next-generation semiconducting materials are on the horizon, and in a new study, researchers have uncovered eccentric physics behind their potential to transform lighting technology and photovoltaics yet again. Read more »

Resources | Research | Environment | Street Lighting | Jan 22, 2019

Pollinators: Switch Street Lights off at Midnight to Help Moths and Nocturnal Wildlife

Pollinators: Switch Street Lights off at Midnight to Help Moths and Nocturnal Wildlife Conservation is often a conflict between the demands of development and a desire to do what is best for the environment. It’s rare that we get the chance to report a decision which was taken for the good of people that has also panned out well for nature’s ecosystems. However, that is just what our new research paper found. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | SciPiL | Optics | Jan 15, 2019

Optical Designs to Improve LED Lighting Efficiency of Medical Endoscopes

Optical Designs to Improve LED Lighting Efficiency of Medical Endoscopes Lighting efficiency for endoscopic instruments has been deemed very poor, at only about 20%. While laboratory tests demonstrate that fiber optics bending is not problematic, optical simulations clearly show that lighting efficiency is strongly limited by the Étendue. Because of strong geometrical constraints in the light coupling area of an endoscope system, only a radical new optical design can provide significant improvement. Alexander Gaertner and Paola Belloni from the Faculty of Mechanical and Medical Engineering and the Steinbeis Transferzentrum Lichttechnik und Beleuchtungsoptik at the University Furtwangen discuss these issues and propose possible approaches. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Micro-Optics | Jan 15, 2019

Smart Design of Freeform Micro-Optical Elements for Thin Direct-Lit Luminaires

Smart Design of Freeform Micro-Optical Elements for Thin Direct-Lit Luminaires LpR 69 Article, page 64: Direct-lit LED luminaires consist of LED arrays. In order to achieve homogenous light distribution a diffuser sheet is placed at a certain height above the LED array. Usually the distance between the LEDs and the diffuser has to be greater than the distance between the LEDs on the array. To overcome this limitation, additional optical elements like freeform lenses are necessary. Christian Sommer, scientist at the Institute of Surface Technologies and Photonics of the Joanneum Research Forschungsges.m.b.H and his colleagues, Claude Leiner, Ladislav Kuna, Paul Hartmann and Franz P. Wenzl propose a smart design concept for an extremely flat, direct-lit lighting system, making use of mask-less laser direct write lithography. Read more »

Technologies | Research | LEDs | Light Conversion | IR-LEDs | Quantum Dots | Dec 13, 2018

Colloidal Quantum Dots Make LEDs Shine Bright in the Infrared

Colloidal Quantum Dots Make LEDs Shine Bright in the Infrared ICFO researchers report on the development of a colloidal quantum-dot light emitting diode with unprecedented quantum and power conversion efficiencies in the infrared range. The ideal optoelectronic semiconductor material should be a strong light emitter i.e. should emit light very efficiently upon optical excitation as well as be an efficient charge conductor to allow for electrical injection in devices. These two conditions when met can lead to highly efficient light emitting diodes as well as to solar cells with the possibility to approach the Shockley-Queisser limit. Until now the materials that have come close to meeting these conditions have been based on epitaxially-grown costly III-V semiconductors that cannot be monolithically integrated to CMOS electronics. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research News | CIE | Applications | Dec 12, 2018

How to Use the Technologies for Adaptive Lighting

How to Use the Technologies for Adaptive Lighting The technologies to provide adaptive lighting are already in the marketplace and are accepted by some jurisdictions. Nonetheless, we have an inadequate understanding of how best to use these technologies, meaning that installations might not serve users well, and in the worst case, might lead to harm. Lighting researchers can generate the knowledge needed to support the best application of adaptive lighting technologies. The International Commission on Illumination (CIE) understands the importance and urgency to deal with problems of adaptive, dynamic and intelligent lighting in all application fields. Hence, this topic is a highlight of CIE’s research strategy. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Horticulture | UV | Dec 01, 2018

UV LED Technology for Emerging Applications in Agriculture

UV LED Technology for Emerging Applications in Agriculture The Ultraviolet (UV) LED market has expanded five-fold in the past decade and is projected to grow to over $1 billion by 2025. A key trend expected to influence the market is the ability to expand into new applications, including agriculture. UV light, at proper frequency and dose, can increase the production of active substances in medicinal and traditional plants and it can also help maintain a healthy growing environment. But to fully take advantage of UV LEDs, some major re-design considerations are required. Terrance Berland, CEO of the Violet Defense Group, the parent company of Violet Gro, will explain which considerations these are; for instance, why it is crucial to incorporate the appropriate lens material. Read more »

FEATURED

WHITE PAPER: Measuring UVA & Violet LED Light Sources

WHITE PAPER: Measuring UVA & Violet LED Light Sources As the development of new UV LED sources continues at an ever-growing pace, so do the industrial applications that utilize them. UV LEDs are being put to work in various industrial processes, medical applications, and disinfection solutions. Efficient utilization of the UV radiation requires good ... Read more »

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Luminus Releases Hospitality COB Series for Hotels and Restaurants

Luminus Releases Hospitality COB Series for Hotels and Restaurants Luminus Devices has announced its new Hospitality COB series featuring high color rendering, precise chromaticity control and Warm CCTs. With LES sizes ranging from 6mm to 22mm, and lumen output from 500 to 5000 lumens, the Luminus Hospitality COB series is the smart choice for beautiful, warm ... Read more »

FEATURED

New Cree LED™ XLamp® XP-P LEDs Deliver Breakthrough Intensity

New Cree LED™ XLamp® XP-P LEDs Deliver Breakthrough Intensity Our name has changed, but our commitment to superior LED technology, reliability, innovation, support, and service remains steadfast. The same teams with years of Cree LED experience are newly energized to help our customers improve their LED-based products and develop new applications. Read more »

FEATURED

New LUXEON® SkyBlue™ LED Solution Simplifies and Speeds Development of Human-Centric Lighting

New LUXEON® SkyBlue™ LED Solution Simplifies and Speeds Development of  Human-Centric Lighting Lumileds today announced the immediate availability of its new LED human-centric lighting solution – LUXEON SkyBlue. In partnership with BIOS Lighting, Lumileds has engineered a circadian lighting solution that delivers superior melanopic ratios at comfortable CCTs – 3000K, 3500K, and 4000K – with ... Read more »

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