Resources | LpR Article | Special Applications | Aeronautics | Reliability | Sep 13, 2018

Abrasion in Transparent Lens Materials for Exterior Aircraft Lighting

Abrasion in Transparent Lens Materials for Exterior Aircraft Lighting Research, Engineering, and Quality Assurance at Kopp Glass, reports how Taber abrasion and high-velocity particulate testing was performed on three different jet aircraft lens materials, including: heat strengthened borosilicate glass (Kopp 9000), hard-coated polycarbonate, and aviation grade acrylic (Makrolon AR and Plexiglas II UVA). Read more »

Resources | LpR | Manufacturing | Lamps | Luminaires | Aug 13, 2018

A Manufacturing Revolution for the LED Lighting Industry

A Manufacturing Revolution for the LED Lighting Industry LpR 67 Article, page 76: Western business investments in local manufacturing facilities have been declining since the 1980s due to partnering with contract manufacturers in Asia. But with increasing and hidden costs in Asia, companies are now seeking to bring manufacturing back home. A recent innovation, microfactories, could be the solution. Paavo Käkelä, Chairman and VP at EID Tech in Finland, presents the microfactory called Ant PlantTM. He explains this new, flexible manufacturing concept, shows how it works and how it is set up, and analyzes the benefits of local, automated production of LED lighting products as an alternative to contract manufacturing in Asia. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Engineering | LEDs | Reliability | Aug 06, 2018

Electrical Over Stress - How to Prevent an LED Failing Earlier than Expected

Electrical Over Stress - How to Prevent an LED Failing Earlier than Expected Article from LpR 66, page 70: While LEDS are, in general, very robust, failures still happen due to electrical over stress. Mauro Ceresa, EMEA Field Application Engineer Manager at Cree, will cover all aspects related to electrical over stress, or when an LED fails due to being subjected to a voltage beyond its specification limits. He will explain why the failure occurs and how to prevent this from happening. The article will explain the fundamental aspects of a good PCB layout design and how this is linked to the longevity of an LED. Read more »

Resources | Tech-Talks Bregenz | Security | IoT | Aug 01, 2018

Tech-Talks BREGENZ - Ken Munro, Partner & Founder, Pen Test Partners

Tech-Talks BREGENZ - Ken Munro, Partner & Founder, Pen Test Partners Today, hardly a day goes by that we don’t hear about security breaches, hacker attacks or comprimized data; often as a result of insufficient security measures. IoT does not really improve this situation and it is therefore necessary for the industry to take this threat seriously. This is especially true for the lighting industry, whose aim is to become the IoT enabler. Ken Munro, founder and partner at Pen Test Partners, is an ethical hacker whose passion is to hack any technical product he can get his hands on. Unfortunately, he succeeds way to often. LED professional talked with him about ethical hacking, where he sees the risks in various products, where the risks are hidden and what can be done to minimize them. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Life-Time | Simulation Tools | Jul 30, 2018

Lifetime- and Economic Efficiency Simulation of LED Luminaires in Dymola/Modelica

Lifetime- and Economic Efficiency Simulation of LED Luminaires in Dymola/Modelica Article from LpR 66 | page 40: The lifetime of an LED system is usually specified by the LM-80 report using the TM-21 method. Unfortunately, this value is solely valid for one specific application. Sebastian Hämmerle and Thomas Schmitt from the University of Applied Sciences in Vorarlberg developed a new open-source Modelica library for dynamic simulation of LEDs: The DynaLed library. The aim of the work was to evaluate the lifetime and the corresponding economic efficiency of LEDs in dynamic operation by means of the LM-80 report and according to the TM-21 calculation method. Furthermore, it should be possible to use the library for component dimensioning, e.g. the heatsink. The primary task was to develop simulation models which can be parametrized with manufacturer information, e.g. the datasheet, but still provide sufficient accuracy. As an application example an LED louvre luminaire (Article Code: 29001077) from LEDON Lamp GmbH was simulated utilizing the developed library. At the end, results from the lifetime- and the economic efficiency simulation were discussed. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Engineering | Lifetime | Drivers | Jul 23, 2018

Method and Circuit to Maintain Constant Light Output for LED Luminaires

Method and Circuit to Maintain Constant Light Output for LED Luminaires Article from LpR 66 | page 80: It is difficult to accurately predict the lifetime or the light output degradation of LED luminaires. A Constant Light Output (CLO) operation is implemented in some of the latest drivers. However, there are many factors that require a different algorithm in terms of time rate and forward current values that are usually not taken into account. Prof.Dr.Eng. Stelian Matei, from the Photometry and Electromagnetic Compatibility Laboratory at Electromagnetica SA, proposes and explains a new method is maintaining the luminous flux over the lifetime of the LED luminaire, considering the luminaire global light degradation. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Commentary | Safety | Light Sources | Jul 20, 2018

Blue Light Hazard - How Dangerous Is SSL Lighting?

Blue Light Hazard - How Dangerous Is SSL Lighting? Modern Solid State Lighting (SSL) technology has long since found its way into our normal working and living environments. In the early phases, consumers were most concerned with lifetime, pricing and light quality of the new LED-based light sources. Now they have become almost ubiquitous, a focus has been placed on safety. At the recent Light+Building exhibition topics such as photobiological safety and blue light hazard (BLH) were highly ranked among both visitors and exhibitors. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Light Generation | LEDs | Human Centric Lighting | Jul 02, 2018

A Near Infrared Enhanced LED Lighting Approach

A Near Infrared Enhanced LED Lighting Approach With the evolution of LED lighting, one topic has come more and more in the focus of the lighting industry: Human Centric Lighting (HCL). While HCL is not clearly defined, a common understanding is that this is light and lighting that supports health and the well-being of humans. Some new proposals are going beyond the approach of providing just visible light in adequate quality, but also to providing invisible radiation, UV and/or NIR that support health and well-being. Some research and the evolution of humans show clear evidence for positive effects of this kind of illumination. Scott Zimmerman, CEO at Silas, presents a new approach that adds NIR radiation to LED illumination. He explains the background of this idea, how it also improves the quality of visible light and discusses the health benefits. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Light Generation | LEDs | Nanowire | Jun 27, 2018

Full-Color InGaN/AlGaN Nanowire Light-Emitting Diodes for SSL and Displays

Full-Color InGaN/AlGaN Nanowire Light-Emitting Diodes for SSL and Displays III-nitride based nanowire light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have received a staggering response as a future candidate for solid-state lighting and full-color displays due to their unique and exceptional features including drastically reduced polarization fields, dislocation densities as well as the associated quantum confined Stark effect (QCSE) on account of their effective strain relaxation. Moab Rajan Philip and his supervisor Dr. Hieu P Nguyen in the Nano-Optoelectronic Materials and Devices Laboratory at the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) present astonishing ideas to fabricate and control the color emission of III-nitride nanowire LEDs via molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) growth techniques. The advantage of such LEDs and their characteristics is also discussed. Read more »

LpR Article

Maka on Boost-Buck LED Driver Topology for Low Input and Output Ripple for Low EMI by Linear Technology

Hello, could you please tell me who is the author of this article? Thanks Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Automotive | Driver IC | Jun 01, 2018

Flicker-Free Control of Individual LEDs in Matrix Headlights

Flicker-Free Control of Individual LEDs in Matrix Headlights LEDs combine design flexibility with practical, robust circuitry, enabling automotive designers to produce striking headlight designs matched by exceptionally long life and performance. Keith Szolusha, Sr. Design Leader for LED driver products at Linear Technology, and now part of Analog Devices explains how automobile designers are increasingly incorporating LEDs in lighting because they can be arranged in distinctive eye-catching designs - helping distinguish new models from old, or high end from economy. Read more »

Resources | Lp Article | Engineering | Thermal Management | May 15, 2018

Thermal Simulation Tool for LED Design Requirements

Thermal Simulation Tool for LED Design Requirements Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are used and accepted in many areas of lighting technology today. But without the right thermal design, LED lamps would not be viable. Chris Aldham, Development Manager at 6SigmaET explains why keeping key components within narrow temperature limits is often critical, why this makes thermal simulation important to LED device designers, and how to select the right thermal management simulation tool for this task. Read more »

LFI 2018 | Beam Shaping | Award | Videos | May 14, 2018

LFI 2018 Award: Ledra Brands's Wireless Beam Shaping Downlight

LFI 2018 Award: Ledra Brands's Wireless Beam Shaping Downlight Read more »

LFI 2018 | LiFi | Videos | May 14, 2018

LFI 2018 Award: LumEfficient's LiFi System

LFI 2018 Award: LumEfficient's LiFi System Read more »

Videos | Event News | May 14, 2018

TOP Three Twitter Video Tweets from Lightfair International in Chicago

TOP Three Twitter Video Tweets from Lightfair International in Chicago Most viewed LFI 2018 video tweets @LEDprofessional. Read more »

LFI 2018 | Events | Award | Videos | May 14, 2018

LFI 2018 Award: Crestron's SolarSync Outdoor Sensor

LFI 2018 Award: Crestron's SolarSync Outdoor Sensor Read more »

Interview | Connected Lighting | May 12, 2018

International and Cross-Industry Projects such as OpenAIS are Absolutely Crucial to the Success of Connected Lighting

International and Cross-Industry Projects such as OpenAIS are Absolutely Crucial to the Success of Connected Lighting Interview with Jens Herter, Coordinator Alliances & Funding at Tridonic. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Applications | May 02, 2018

Multi-Pixel LED Technology Opens New Horizons for Smart Lighting Applications

Multi-Pixel LED Technology Opens New Horizons for Smart Lighting Applications The evolution of Multi-Pixel LED technology has initiated a giant leap in the development of intelligent lighting systems which are most visible in the automotive industry. Now the first hybrid LED provides smart headlights with more than 1000 individually controllable pixels. Ralph Bertram, who is working on advanced LED device concepts, and Norbert Harendt, who is developing optics solutions for general lighting at Osram Opto Semiconductors, show that automotive lighting is just one of the potential areas in which intelligent selective pixel control can be applied. Options for the use in general lighting, such as information display for outdoor, indoor, retail or industrial applications, are very versatile. Read more »

Tech-Talks Bregenz | Lp Article | Human Centric Lighting | Apr 27, 2018

Tech-Talks BREGENZ - Fred Maxik, Founder & CTO, Lighting Science Group

Tech-Talks BREGENZ - Fred Maxik, Founder & CTO, Lighting Science Group LED light in combination with advanced controls, and here especially IoT capabilities, opened several new options in lighting. In this context, the term Human Centric Lighting, and more recently, the term Biologically Active Light have become trendy. Fred Maxik, founder and CTO of the Lighting Science Group, who held the keynote speech at LpS 2017, recognized these opportunities in a very early stage when most other manufacturers were still struggling with the challenges of the new technology. In the interview he explains what his perception of light is and its importance in our lives. He gives insights into his philosophy and ideas on which criteria artificial lighting has to fulfill in order to live up to the promising terms „Human Centric Lighting“ and „Biologically Active Light“. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Sustainability | Environment | Apr 27, 2018

Repro-Light - Looking for a Sustainable and Modular Luminaire Architecture

Repro-Light - Looking for a Sustainable and Modular Luminaire Architecture The Repro-light project aims to re-conceptualize the European lighting industry towards more sustainability and competitiveness in terms of production and time to market. This will be achieved through the implementation of modular luminaire architecture and a smart production scheme, demonstrated by the development of a reconfigurable customized LED luminaire designed to improve the customers’ health. Read more »

Smart Lighting | Commentary | Apr 17, 2018

On Smart Luminaires

On Smart Luminaires In the time up to 2010, conventional luminaires with low or high-pressure discharge lamps with a luminous efficacy of about 80 lm/W were developed. The electrical power was dependent on the electrical power of the lamps built in the luminaire. From 2008 and likely until around 2020, luminaires with phosphorconverted white LEDs with one fixed color temperature, a constant luminous intensity distribution and a maximal luminous efficacy of about 140-160 lm/W are developed with an electrical power between 10 W and 300 W for different applications and dependent on the manufacturer. Therefore, a relative increase in luminous efficacy of 80 -100% in the context of the discussions on “energy efficiency” is being achieved. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Optics | Engineering | Apr 13, 2018

Optimization of Freeform Optics Using T-Splines in LED Illumination Design

Optimization of Freeform Optics Using T-Splines in LED Illumination Design Freeform optics is the game changer in the illumination industry in terms of its ability to redirect the light into the target area. Non-Uniform Rational B-splines, commonly known as NURBS are widely used to represent freeform curves and surfaces. There are certain optical systems where local modification of the surface is necessary during the design or optimization phase. In such cases, NURBS cannot offer such transformations. But a new mathematical representation called T-splines make this feasible. Though its potentiality is well described, this has not been implemented in any optimization routine so far. Annie Shalom Isaac, Jiayi Long and Cornelius Neumann from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology demonstrate the advantage of the local refinement ability of T-splines by implementing it in the optimization routine and the results are evaluated. Results show that T-splines provide more uniform and homogenous light distribution as compared to NURBS at a faster convergence rate. This makes optical design or optimization using T-splines an intuitive approach for future freeform design tasks. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Environment | Mar 27, 2018

A World of LED Lights - The Cost of Waiting

A World of LED Lights - The Cost of Waiting Today, LEDs dominate the lighting domain. They are efficient and manufacturers understand how to implement them for different lighting applications. While energy efficiency is rather well understood, the impact of the adoption speed is rarely discussed is. Benoit Bataillou, guest author from Pi Lighting, will have a look at the environmental cost of LED production versus the significant energy savings that a full transition to LEDs would bring. In a fictive scenario, he assumes that a transition takes place in a heartbeat today and compares that with the usually supposed scenario of a full transition to LED lights in 2025. Read more »

News-Spot | SciPiL | Mar 18, 2018

Luger Research Creates an Active Network to Secure the Future of Innovation in Lighting: SciPiL

Luger Research Creates an Active Network to Secure the Future of Innovation in Lighting: SciPiL Luger Research establishes the first scientific lighting partnership network for research experts and leaders in the lighting industry. The scientific partnership in lighting - SciPiL - has been created to form an active network that will strengthen and build the connections between universities, research laboratories and industry. The scientific partnership’s mission is to enable and secure the continued development of innovation in lighting technology. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Quality | Optics | Mar 13, 2018

Glare Reduction Made Easy

Glare Reduction Made Easy A pleasant lighting atmosphere due to low glare at the workstation is not only pleasant and performance-enhancing, but also legally required according to EU standard EN 12464-1. But what does “glaring” mean here? Dr. Claudius Noack, Technical Director at NORKA Leuchten, explains if luminaires with the same luminous flux are glaring to the same degree and if the same luminaires are glaring to the same degree at different workstations. He answers the questions of what a manufacturer does and if manufacturers are lying to themselves and therefore to their customers when providing information on the glare rating. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Light Generation | Tunable White Light | Feb 28, 2018

A New Technology Is Changing the Tunable White Solutions

A New Technology Is Changing the Tunable White Solutions Tunable white LEDs are one key element of human centric lighting. Until today, different solutions are currently available but none of them is easy to apply or cost effective enough to speed up the diffusion of human centric lights in building projects. A new approach for tunable white solutions is able to provide flexible lighting for multiple occasions without sacrificing output or going over project budget. Phil Lee, Senior Lighting Engineer from Meteor Lighting will compare this new technology, called ColorFlip™, to conventional tunable white solutions, and talk about current tunable white issues. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Tech-Talks Bregenz | Quantum Dots | Feb 27, 2018

Tech-Talks BREGENZ - Ken T. Shimizu, Research & Development Director, Lumileds

Tech-Talks BREGENZ - Ken T. Shimizu, Research & Development Director, Lumileds QDs have been a hot topic in lighting for a while already, but up until now they haven’t been adopted on a large scale in lighting. The adoption began in display devices because some of the technical issues were of less concern in this application. With continuing development, QDs are now also becoming interesting for general lighting applications. Ken Shimizu, Director of Novel Technologies and Devices, Research and Development at Lumileds, attended the LpS in Bregenz and made a presentation about the company’s QD technology. In this interview he gives some background information about the QD program and future steps. Read more »

Resources | Tech-Talks Bregenz | Research | Light Generation | Feb 21, 2018

Tech-Talks BREGENZ - Julia Frohleiks, Researcher, University of Duisburg-Essen

Tech-Talks BREGENZ - Julia Frohleiks, Researcher, University of Duisburg-Essen In his commentary on technical progress and innovation, Dr. Sejkora said: “In the early stage, in the first phase of its life cycle, technology is mainly driven by fundamental research.” He went on to say that we can never predict how a technology will develop. Researchers from the University of Duisburg-Essen, working in the Nano Energy Technical Center (NETZ), worked on this type of fundamental technology and their submission received the LpS 2017 Scientific Award. Ms. Julia Frohleiks, a Ph.D. student, was a major contributor to this research in the group led by Dr. Ekaterina Nannen and accepted the award in Dr. Nannen’s name. In the following interview she gives some background information and discloses future research possibilities. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Commentary | Trends | Feb 21, 2018

Can You Show Me the Next S-Curve, Please?

Can You Show Me the Next S-Curve, Please? The evolution of technologies is often described using the “S-curve” model. In the early stage, in the first phase of its life cycle, technology is mainly driven by fundamental research. Only a few players are active at that time and innovation steps are quite large. In the second phase, early adopters start to develop products and bring them to market. This phase is characterized by huge investments. In the third phase, more and more players enter the technology field, competition becomes important and development speed of the technology decreases. In the last phase, the technology is mature, (nearly) everybody can use it, there are fewer margins and the technology should be replaced by a new one. Many of the SSL technologies have meanwhile reached maturity. Where are the upcoming technologies, what will be the next S-curve? Looking at technology discussions and lectures at LpS 2017 I tried to find answers to these questions. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | LiFi | Jan 15, 2018

LiFi - What It Is, How It Works, What It Provides, How to Apply, and Its Future Prospects

LiFi - What It Is, How It Works, What It Provides, How to Apply, and Its Future Prospects The acronym LiFi (Light Fidelity) was born at the beginning of the 2010s. Its name derives from the very well-known WiFi (Wireless Fidelity). The term VLC (Visible Light Communication) is used in the restricted instances of visible light. Mr. Luc Chassage who works for Oledcomm and the Versailles University is also Scientific Committee President of the Global LiFi Congress that offers 20 lectures dealing with all aspects of LiFi. He is a profound expert in this technology field. Mr. Chassage explains the functionality, pitfalls and hurdles to overcome, the disadvantages and advantages, and best practice to apply LiFi. Read more »

FEATURED

The 22nd China (Guzhen) International Lighting Fair

The 22nd China (Guzhen) International Lighting Fair China (Guzhen) International Lighting Fair is based in China Lighting Capital- Guzhen Town, where thousands of lighting manufacturers lies and is dubbed as the source of lightings. With the help of local government and UBM, the fair has been successfully held for 21 editions. Read more »

EDITORIAL

High Conductive Foils Enabling Large Area Lighting

High Conductive Foils Enabling Large Area Lighting Fraunhofer Institute for Organic Electronics, Electron Beam and Plasma Technology FEP as one of the leading partners for research and development for surface technologies and organic electronics and Sefar AG, a leading manufacturer of precision fabrics from monofilaments, developed a roll-to-roll ... Read more »

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