Resources | LpR Article | Horticulture | Applications | Apr 17, 2019

Enriching Horticultural Lighting for Faster Growth and Better Crops

Enriching Horticultural Lighting for Faster Growth and Better Crops Horticulture lighting is no new lighting application, but it gained momentum with the introduction and evolution of LED lighting, and it is meanwhile one of the fastest growing markets in lighting. Dr. Richard Blakey, Application Engineer at Würth Elektronik eiSos, explains how LED-based horticultural lighting can deliver even bigger advantages for commercial growers by introducing additional wavelengths that increase photosynthetic response - like Würth Elektronik's new members of the WL-SMDC SMD Mono-Color Ceramic LED Waterclear family that is used as a reference in the article. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Special Topics | DC-Grids | Applications | Apr 15, 2019

48 VDC Integrated Drivers Offer New Options

48 VDC Integrated Drivers Offer New Options LpR 70 Article, page 102: In the telecommunication and IT businesses, especially, 48 VDC grids have become quite popular. This growing global trend to facilitate direct current (DC) power supply in building "microgrids" presents new opportunities for solid state lighting designers. TE's Lighting Industry Manager, Ron Weber, and Global Product Manager, Scott Hamilton, describe how LED lighting fixture designers can now design luminaires around a 48 VDC constant voltage input, available to take advantage of the benefits of a low voltage DC distribution grid in a building. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Driver Modules | NFC | Apr 12, 2019

Standardized Programming of Lighting Components Using NFC Technology

Standardized Programming of Lighting Components Using NFC Technology LpR 70 Article, page 88: NFC programming of LED drivers is rapidly gaining popularity as a fast, feature-rich, flexible and easy method to set the operating characteristics of LED drivers inside luminaires. Arnulf Rupp, Chair of MD-SIG, describes how the MD-SIG specification for NFC programming of lighting components makes it easy for luminaire manufacturers to use NFC programming in a production line where multiple brand drivers are used one after the other. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Controls | Wireless | Bluetooth | Apr 10, 2019

Bluetooth Mesh Protocol as Applied to Lighting

Bluetooth Mesh Protocol as Applied to Lighting Little more than one year ago, Bluetooth SIG released the Bluetooth Mesh standardization. Meanwhile, it has become widely adopted and is also one of the favorite systems for lighting controls. Russ Sharer, Vice President of Global Marketing and Business Development for Fulham, starts with an explanation of the Bluetooth Mesh protocol as applied to lighting control and defining its key elements. In a second portion of the article, he answers questions that lighting control evaluators could be asking their vendor. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Environment | Apr 08, 2019

When Nights Are No Longer Dark: Effects of Artificial Light at Night on Agroecosystems

When Nights Are No Longer Dark: Effects of Artificial Light at Night on Agroecosystems In recent decades, artificial lighting has become an integral part of the modern world. While the use of artificial light at night (ALAN) greatly benefits people, it often has unintended, negative consequences for wildlife and ecosystems. In particular, the increasing use of LED lighting raises ecological concerns due to its high content of blue light, to which many organisms are sensitive. Dr. Maja Grubisic, Researcher at the Leibniz-Institute and Guest Lecturer at Free University Berlin discusses how ALAN can directly and indirectly influence agroecosystems, with potential consequences for food production and biodiversity. Given the current lack of integrative studies on this important topic, the better understanding of effects of ALAN in agroecosystems is urgently needed. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Environment | Apr 03, 2019

Hazard or Hope? LEDs and Wildlife

Hazard or Hope? LEDs and Wildlife LpR 70 Article, page 52: The introduction and widespread uptake of LEDs as outdoor lighting has caused no small amount of concern amongst conservation biologists. The prevailing impression that LEDs are always blue-white is well founded as adoption of LEDs for streetlights were invariably high color temperatures and with the deterioration of phosphors the blue wavelengths penetrated even more. But LEDs do have characteristics that differentiate them from other light sources and may allow for the reduction of environmental effects of lighting on species and habitats: direction, duration, intensity, and spectrum. Travis Longcore, Assistant Professor at the University of Southern California's School of Architecture, sheds light on all these aspects. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Health | Medical | Human Centric Lighting | Apr 01, 2019

Lighting and Emergency Dept. Clinician Wellness and Performance Improvement

Lighting and Emergency Dept. Clinician Wellness and Performance Improvement LpR 70 Article, page 38: Short wavelength ("blue") light is known for its strong impact on humans covering "visual" function, wellness and performance of humans. Lighting has been recognized to have an effect on clinician wellness and performance as well as the occurence of medical errors. In a pilot study, Octavio L. Perez, Ph.D, WELL Accredited Professional and Adjunct Researcher at the Department of Population Health Science and Policy, and his team of scientists and physicians, Christopher Strother, Richard Vincent, Barbara Rabin and Harold S. Kaplan, from the Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, systematically investigated if and how a radically new lighting concept could improve wellness and performance in an emergency department. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research Reports | OpenAIS | Smart Lighting & IoT | Mar 29, 2019

User Evaluation of the OpenAIS Pilot Installation

User Evaluation of the OpenAIS Pilot Installation The OpenAIS project (2015-2018) has developed an open IoT lighting solution to enable a wider community to deliver the smartness of light, allowing easy adaptability to cater for the diversity of people and demands. The project is a cooperation between seven leading companies in the European industry and two academic partners: Signify, Zumtobel, Tridonic, Johnson Controls, Dynniq Belgium, NXP, ARM, Eindhoven University of Technology. Thomas van de Werff, Harm van Essen and Berry Eggen from the Eindhoven University of Technology describe the evaluation results of the pilot installation in a real office building in Eindhoven (The Netherlands), a former Philips factory. Read more »

Resources | Tech-Talks Bregenz | Health & Environment | Outdoor Applications | Mar 25, 2019

Tech-Talks BREGENZ - Dr. Maja Grubisic, Researcher, Free University Berlin & Leibniz-Institute

Tech-Talks BREGENZ - Dr. Maja Grubisic, Researcher, Free University Berlin & Leibniz-Institute Awareness of the ecological impact of technologies is becoming more important since climate change due to industrialization cannot be denied. LED lighting is one of the technologies that is deemed as a contributor in helping to reduce the impact caused by wasted energy. Unfortunately, light pollution, due to inefficient energy usage, is not the only problem. Besides the more recognized pollution from pesticides and chemical pollutants, light pollution also disturbs ecology and wildlife. Dr. Grubisic, Researcher at the Free University Berlin & Leibniz-Institute, has been working on this problem for more than five years now. She has written an article, also in this issue, concerning this. At the LED professional Symposium she was also good enough to grant this interview, providing some background information, explaining why light pollution is such an issue in biology and why this topic should be of concern to all of us. Read more »

Resources | Commentary | Mar 25, 2019

An Industry at a Crossroads

An Industry at a Crossroads Commentary from LpR 70: We often hear grumbles about the lighting industry suffering under low margins and high costs. Primarily, this is true for most traditional luminaire manufacturers but not as much for innovative controls and driver manufacturers, and even less so for innovative newcomers who understand the semiconductor business that has taken over a share of the luminaire manufacturers' revenue. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Thermal Management | Feb 18, 2019

Materials, Manufacturing and Technologies for Designing Passive Cooling Devices

Materials, Manufacturing and Technologies for Designing Passive Cooling Devices Until recently, incandescent bulbs and fluorescent lights were the dominant light sources. Today it’s the energy efficient, durable and, in the meantime, cost effective, LED. But to achieve these attributes appropriate cooling is still necessary and due to progress over the last few years the need for active cooling solutions is limited to a few high power applications as long as the material and technology is carefully chosen. John Broadbent, Managing Director at Columbia-Staver Ltd., describes the different technologies and materials and gives practical advice on how to find the right solution for an application. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Engineering | Optics | Feb 11, 2019

Additive Optics Design and Fabrication for Smart Lighting Systems and Tailored Project Solutions

Additive Optics Design and Fabrication for Smart Lighting Systems and Tailored Project Solutions Since its initial invention back in 2009, printed optics has come a long way in the lighting industry. Additive optics fabrication is a future proof methodology of rapid prototyping custom LED optics by means of digital manufacturing technologies. Marco de Visser, Luximprint’s Director of Marketing & Sales, breaks down the technology and explains how its features add value to the design and manufacture of smart lighting applications. From one of Luximprint’s preferred optical design partners Physionary, Ramon van der Hilst, Founder and Business Development Manager, and Suresh Christopher, inventor of the state-of-the-art “target-to-source” optics design software, explain the benefits of an optimized design process. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Smart Lighting & IoT | Bluetooth | Jan 31, 2019

Qualified Bluetooth Mesh – Making Lighting Controls Future-Proof

Qualified Bluetooth Mesh – Making Lighting Controls Future-Proof LpR 69 Article, page 88: At Lightfair USA, Siegfried Luger met with Patrick Durand, Worldwide Technical Director at Future Lighting Solutions. One of Mr. Durand’s striking statements was: “Basically, what we need is to future-proof lighting control.” This was the first time that this important aspect was so clearly addressed by a representative of the industry. This led us to asking Mr. Durand to provide LED professional with a technical article to clarify the current situation, explain the technical background that led him to making that statement and to give an idea of which requirements a controls solution must fulfill to be truly future-proof. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Applications | Artificial Intelligence | Controls | Jan 31, 2019

Interactive Lighting Control is Opening New Doors for LED Applications

Interactive Lighting Control is Opening New Doors for LED Applications LpR 69 Article, page 98: Advancements in lighting control technology are allowing for sophisticated interactivity in LED mapping. These new technologies are bridging the gap between lighting control and AI, with the ability to analyze and map data input (such as audio) in real-time. Installations driven by interactive LED control technologies have their place in a variety of application spaces. Manjinder Benning, Founder and CTO of Limbic Media, explains how this new technology works, what its applications are, and what the future of interactive lighting control looks like – not only for end-users, but also for lighting designers and technicians. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Engineering | Lighting Simulation | Standardization | Jan 15, 2019

Rethinking the Photometric Data File Format

Rethinking the Photometric Data File Format With increasing computing power, engineering disciplines cannot be imagined without simulations anymore. In lighting, photometric data and electronic processing of this data has become one of the most important tools for luminaire design and lighting design. This data is today provided in IES LM-63 format, a format that meanwhile has come to its limits. P. Eng. (Ret) Ian Ashdown, Senior Scientist at SunTracker Technologies Ltd., explains why the time for a change to a new standard has come and discusses the newly proposed standard and its properties in detail: ANSI/IES TM-33 respectively UNI 1603054. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | SciPiL | Optics | Jan 15, 2019

Optical Designs to Improve LED Lighting Efficiency of Medical Endoscopes

Optical Designs to Improve LED Lighting Efficiency of Medical Endoscopes Lighting efficiency for endoscopic instruments has been deemed very poor, at only about 20%. While laboratory tests demonstrate that fiber optics bending is not problematic, optical simulations clearly show that lighting efficiency is strongly limited by the Étendue. Because of strong geometrical constraints in the light coupling area of an endoscope system, only a radical new optical design can provide significant improvement. Alexander Gaertner and Paola Belloni from the Faculty of Mechanical and Medical Engineering and the Steinbeis Transferzentrum Lichttechnik und Beleuchtungsoptik at the University Furtwangen discuss these issues and propose possible approaches. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Micro-Optics | Jan 15, 2019

Smart Design of Freeform Micro-Optical Elements for Thin Direct-Lit Luminaires

Smart Design of Freeform Micro-Optical Elements for Thin Direct-Lit Luminaires LpR 69 Article, page 64: Direct-lit LED luminaires consist of LED arrays. In order to achieve homogenous light distribution a diffuser sheet is placed at a certain height above the LED array. Usually the distance between the LEDs and the diffuser has to be greater than the distance between the LEDs on the array. To overcome this limitation, additional optical elements like freeform lenses are necessary. Christian Sommer, scientist at the Institute of Surface Technologies and Photonics of the Joanneum Research Forschungsges.m.b.H and his colleagues, Claude Leiner, Ladislav Kuna, Paul Hartmann and Franz P. Wenzl propose a smart design concept for an extremely flat, direct-lit lighting system, making use of mask-less laser direct write lithography. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Organization News | LightingEurope | Applications | Dec 17, 2018

Evaluating Performance of LED-Based Luminaires

Evaluating Performance of LED-Based Luminaires LpR 69 Article, page 48: The wide spread of performance data supplied by manufacturers make it difficult for the professional user to reach an “apple-to-apple” comparison, especially if the data is not based on standardized metrics. This is however critical for the preparation of lighting projects or tender specifications. Experts from LightingEurope have therefore developed a guidance document which recommends a fixed set of performance data for LED based luminaires, with particular emphasis to the useful life and the data which is necessary for lighting application design. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Standardization & Regulation | Zhaga | Connected Lighting | Smart Lighting & IoT | Dec 14, 2018

Zhaga Enables Mechanical IoT-Upgradability for Outdoor LED Lighting Fixtures

Zhaga Enables Mechanical IoT-Upgradability for Outdoor LED Lighting Fixtures LpR 69 Article, page 42: The Zhaga Consortium is a global association of lighting companies that is standardizing LED luminaire components interfaces. The latest specification from Book 18 defines a standardized interface between outdoor LED luminaires and modules for sensing and communication. Dee Denteneer, Zhaga Secretary General, explains how the New Book 18 helps bring the Internet of Things to the outdoor lighting market via smart, upgradeable, future-proof fixtures. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research News | CIE | Applications | Dec 12, 2018

How to Use the Technologies for Adaptive Lighting

How to Use the Technologies for Adaptive Lighting The technologies to provide adaptive lighting are already in the marketplace and are accepted by some jurisdictions. Nonetheless, we have an inadequate understanding of how best to use these technologies, meaning that installations might not serve users well, and in the worst case, might lead to harm. Lighting researchers can generate the knowledge needed to support the best application of adaptive lighting technologies. The International Commission on Illumination (CIE) understands the importance and urgency to deal with problems of adaptive, dynamic and intelligent lighting in all application fields. Hence, this topic is a highlight of CIE’s research strategy. Read more »

Resources | Commentary | Dec 12, 2018

A New Lighting Scene

A New Lighting Scene Commentary from LpR 69: I wouldn’t be telling you anything new if I said that technology is changing at an ever-increasing rate. But in the lighting industry there is a lot more happening, which makes these times truly disruptive and perhaps even inconvenient for some people ... but not for me. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Horticulture | UV | Dec 01, 2018

UV LED Technology for Emerging Applications in Agriculture

UV LED Technology for Emerging Applications in Agriculture The Ultraviolet (UV) LED market has expanded five-fold in the past decade and is projected to grow to over $1 billion by 2025. A key trend expected to influence the market is the ability to expand into new applications, including agriculture. UV light, at proper frequency and dose, can increase the production of active substances in medicinal and traditional plants and it can also help maintain a healthy growing environment. But to fully take advantage of UV LEDs, some major re-design considerations are required. Terrance Berland, CEO of the Violet Defense Group, the parent company of Violet Gro, will explain which considerations these are; for instance, why it is crucial to incorporate the appropriate lens material. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research Reports | Smart Lighting & IoT | Nov 26, 2018

Challenges of the Integration of Lighting Systems and Components in IoT

Challenges of the Integration of Lighting Systems and Components in IoT LpR 68 Article, page 50: Following the rapid penetration of LEDs, lighting is now becoming integrated into the Internet of Things. Over the past three years a consortium of leading European companies worked on the OpenAIS project, which was partly funded by the EU within the Horizon 2020 program, and now showing the results working at a full size demonstrator. In this follow up article to the introduction article of LpR 67, Ben Pronk, System Architect at Signify, and Stefan Verbrugh, Project Manager at Signify and Work Package leader in OpenAIS give deeper insight into the project. They explain the lighting specific challenges, describe the generic challenges for IP controlled lighting and present the approach to these challenges. They conclude by summarizing the findings from the pilot. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Light Generation | Laser Technology | Nov 19, 2018

Laser Technology for Lighting Applications: A Review and Analysis of a Promising Technology

Laser Technology for Lighting Applications: A Review and Analysis of a Promising Technology LpR 68 Article, page 44: LEDs are currently the dominating light source: efficient and cost effective. But LEDs also have some drawbacks. Another interesting technology developed slowly in the shadow of LEDs and has become an interesting solution for some specific applications: GaN based blue solid state laser devices. Although this technology offers some very interesting advantages, it also has challenges. Nicola Trivellin, Matteo Buffolo, Carlo De Santi, Gaudenzio Meneghesso, Enrico Zanoni and Matteo Meneghini from the University of Padova and its spin-off LightCube have been working toward the development of experimental systems and demonstrators and disclose their findings of the comparison between LED and LD systems. Read more »

Resources | Commentary | Nov 12, 2018

UV-Light for Plant Development

UV-Light for Plant Development Commentary from LpR 68: Since the development of the incandescent lamp, greenhouse farmers have been using electric light sources as a supplement to natural sunlight. Initially, light intensity was the major concern. Later, growers learned to manipulate plant development by altering the power distribution of the light spectrum for added value such as taste and appearance. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Manufacturing | LED Modules | Nov 05, 2018

A Study on Aerosol Jet Printing in LED Module Manufacturing

A Study on Aerosol Jet Printing in LED Module Manufacturing LpR 68 Article, page 38: LED module manufacturing technologies have certainly improved over the last few years but the requirements have also increased. More components are packed on today’s modules causing additional thermal stress, and, at the same time, the demand for lower cost challenges module manufacturers. So the (re-) search for new materials and new manufacturing processes and manufacturing technologies is still on. Paul Hartmann, Director of the Institute of Surface Technologies and Photonics at the Joanneum Research Forschungsgesellschaft m.b.H., and his team, Andreas Rudorfer, Martin Tscherner, Christian Palfinger, Frank Reil, Franz P. Wenzl with Ioannis E. Seferis, Eugeniusz Zych from the Faculty of Chemistry of the University of Wroclaw investigated the opportunities of aerosol jet printing and proved the applicability for alternative ways of phosphor deposition and integration and to replace wire bonding of dies. Read more »

Resources | Tech-Talks Bregenz | Smart Lighting & IoT | Outdoor Applications | Oct 31, 2018

Tech-Talks BREGENZ - Rico Kramer, Inventor, Founder & CEO, esave ag

Tech-Talks BREGENZ - Rico Kramer, Inventor, Founder & CEO, esave ag In recent years there has been a strong focus on safe communication and controls in the lighting industry. The success story of esave ag, however, started much earlier, when Rico Kramer, the founder and CEO of esave, travelled to Taiwan due to his dissatisfaction with the quality of early LED replacement bulbs. What the former Apple employee learned there led to the development of the esave concept and its technology. In the interview he talks about his intentions, the beginning of esave, wireless technologies in general, system security, commissioning, system incompatibilities, markets and their peculiarities. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research Reports | Smart Lighting & IoT | Oct 29, 2018

Integrating Lighting in the Internet of Things

Integrating Lighting in the Internet of Things LpR 67 Article, page 80: Following the rapid penetration of LEDs, lighting now becomes integrated into the Internet of Things. Over the past three years a consortium of leading European companies worked on the OpenAIS project, partly funded by the EU within the Horizon 2020 program. Now showing the results, the consortium is working on a full size demonstrator. Ben Pronk, System Architect at Philips Lighting Research, and Frank van Tuijl, Project Manager at Philips Lighting show how OpenAIS creates an open ecosystem to enable a wider community to deliver the smartness of light and they explain how it is possible to adapt the system to cater to the diversity of people and demands. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Optics | Nano-Optics | Oct 22, 2018

LED Lighting Requires New Approaches in Optics

LED Lighting Requires New Approaches in Optics LpR 67 Article, page 88: Even though LED technology has been established LEDs still need new approaches in electronics, thermal management or optics to make complete use of their advantages. Marek Škereň, Chief Technology Officer of IQ Structures, explains how new optical devices, with the trade name Nanoptiqs, based on principles of diffraction are applied to achieve improved performance of white light illumination systems. This unique solution is based on full control over the modulation of material and geometric properties of the optical elements at a nano-level. A combination of complex transmission diffractive elements, with specially designed systems of micro-reflectors (produced using an innovative mass-production technique) is also presented as a promising flexible building unit for the construction of new generation luminaires. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | SciPiL | Micro-Optics | Manufacturing | Oct 15, 2018

Roll-to-Roll UV Nanoimprint Lithography for Large-Area Nano- and Micro-Structuring of Flexible Substrates

Roll-to-Roll UV Nanoimprint Lithography for Large-Area Nano- and Micro-Structuring of Flexible Substrates LpR 67 Article, page 50: Cost and time-efficient methods for the fabrication of optical elements are highly desirable in the field of lighting. Imprinting optical structures in combination with large area fabrication turns out to become an effective approach in this regard. In particular roll-to-roll UV nanoimprint lithography (R2R-UV-NIL) has a large potential to set new benchmarks for the fabrication of miniaturized, low-cost and low-weight optics that can be applied in many fields of applications. In the following, the Joanneum Research Forschungsgesellschaft m.b.H team, Claude Leiner, Stephan Ruttloff, Dieter Nees, Anja Haase, Ladislav Kuna, Wolfgang Nemitz, Franz-Peter Wenzl, Christian Sommer, Barbara Stadlober and Ursula Palfinger, led by Paul Hartmann, demonstrates the maturity of the related process chain, combining optical design, direct laser lithography, step&repeat imprinting for shim fabrication and R2R reproduction. Read more »

FEATURED

EzyLED™ Reduces Circuit Driver Complexity

EzyLED™ Reduces Circuit Driver Complexity American Bright, a global LED lighting solutions manufacturer, announced a series of EzyLED 3030. merican Bright's EzyLED™ is a proprietary LED device with a built-in IC. This patented design drastically reduces the need for additional circuitry and other on-board components making it the ideal ... Read more »

FEATURED

On-the-Fly Light Measurement of Modulated LEDs with DSP 200

On-the-Fly Light Measurement of Modulated LEDs with DSP 200 Instrument Systems addresses increasing demands on light measurement technology in the automotive sector: the goniophotometer AMS 5000 combined with the DSP 200 photometer offers a perfect solution for testing modulated LEDs, which today ensure a driving experience under optimum lighting conditions. Read more »

FEATURED

Electrolube Provides Innovative Resin Solution for LED Lens Issue

Electrolube Provides Innovative Resin Solution for LED Lens Issue Electrolube, the global manufacturer of electro-chemicals, has provided an innovative solution for a complex LED assembly issue. The customer, a leading manufacturer of street lighting and high-bay luminaires in India, had been experiencing problems with the attachment of individual lenses to the ... Read more »

FEATURED

Lumileds Introduces Brightest, Most Reliable RGB LED Module

Lumileds Introduces Brightest, Most Reliable RGB LED Module Leading in luminous intensity and reliability, Lumileds' new LUXEON MultiColor Module 0.5 W is the ideal building block for applications demanding consistent, brilliant color. Read more »

EDITORIAL

High Conductive Foils Enabling Large Area Lighting

High Conductive Foils Enabling Large Area Lighting Fraunhofer Institute for Organic Electronics, Electron Beam and Plasma Technology FEP as one of the leading partners for research and development for surface technologies and organic electronics and Sefar AG, a leading manufacturer of precision fabrics from monofilaments, developed a roll-to-roll ... Read more »

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