Trends

Trends

Trends | Smart Lighting + IoT | Resources | LpR Article | Nov 28, 2016
Flicker: Standards and Test Methods
Flicker: Standards and Test Methods Much has been written and said about Temporal Light Artifacts (TLAs). What is essential about TLAs is that they consist of flicker and/or stroboscopic effects induced by a light stimulus whose luminance or spectral distribution fluctuates with time and causes undesired changes in visual perception for an observer in a certain environment. Walter Parmiami, Senior Engineer at UL International Italia S.r.l., discusses the current status of regulations and measurement standards and proposes a certification to help manufacturers to generate user confidence, and consumers and specifiers to find the right product for an application Read more »
Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Optics | Nov 28, 2016
Structured Glass Light Guides for Efficient Lighting
Structured Glass Light Guides for Efficient Lighting Glass injection molding technology (GIMT) for precision glass optics is a relatively new manufacturing technology. This expertise allows for producing efficient glass optics for LED lighting applications with special properties like undercut geometry or mounting flanges. A lot of progress has been made since it was introduced. Christian Passlick, Optical Engineer at Auer Lighting, shows how this improved technology supports making state-of-the-art light mixing structures for RGB/RGBW LED systems. Read more »
Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Manufacturing | LEDs | CoB LEDs | Nov 28, 2016
Comparing New Dielectric Materials for Chip-on-Board LED Packages
Comparing New Dielectric Materials for Chip-on-Board LED Packages Thermal management is still one of the most challenging issues in solid state lighting. With the increased application of COB LED technology, the portion of the dielectric material on the overall thermal resistance has become an important topic. Different solutions and new materials have been proposed over the last few years. Hui Zhang, Max Wagner, and Prof. Tran Quoc Khanh from the Laboratory of Lighting Technology at the Technische Universität Darmstadt compared different materials and present the results of their extensive research. Read more »
LpR Article | Research | Nov 28, 2016
The Perspective of Bio-Hybrid White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Rubber-Like Down- Converting Coatings
The Perspective of Bio-Hybrid White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Rubber-Like Down- Converting Coatings At first, white LED technology seems to be mature. But in truth, the technology is still far from being perfect and research on all LED materials and components is ongoing. At the LpS 2016 the research of Rubén D. Costa, Lukas Niklaus, Katharina Weber and Prof. Uwe Sonnewald from the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU) was honored with the LED professional Scientific Award. These authors investigated the use of organic light conversion materials for white LEDs. Their research shows that these bio-hybrid white LEDs could lower costs and improve light quality. The article describes the current status of the research and future perspectives. Read more »
Technologies | LECs | Light Generation | Nov 28, 2016
LECs - The Light of the Future Thanks Nanostructures
LECs - The Light of the Future Thanks Nanostructures In future they are to light up the inside of handbags or make evening joggers stand out in the dark: Light-emitting electrochemical cells, LECs, offer many advantages compared to familiar LEDs, but there's still something lacking – the right light. Until now only yellow light LECs are suitable for realistic use. But at least one other light colour is needed for more neutral light. Researchers in the Center for Nanointegration (CENIDE) of the University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE) have now been able to selectively change the colour for the first time and at the same time increase the performance of the LECs. Read more »
LpR Article | Innovation | Nov 24, 2016
On-Chip Beam Forming Optics Paves the Way for New Luminaire Designs
On-Chip Beam Forming Optics Paves the Way for New Luminaire Designs An LED luminaire’s optical system usually consists of primary and secondary optics. This concept always causes a trade-off between light quality, system size, efficiency and light distribution. New concepts to make secondary optics obsolete have already been researched. Paul Drosihn, Head of Modular Products, and Samir Mezouari, Optics & Lighting Design Specialist at Plessey Semiconductors present the first of its kind chip scale beam forming technology, StellarTM. They explain how it works and how it helps to overcome the limitations of traditional optical solutions for LED lighting. Read more »
Technologies | OLEDs | Flexible OLEDs | Sep 09, 2016
Researchers Propose Graphene Anode for Flexible OLEDs
Researchers Propose Graphene Anode for Flexible OLEDs In their research article, Tae-Hee Han, Min-Ho Park, Sung-Joo Kwon, Sang-Hoon Bae, Hong-Kyu Seo, Himchan Cho, Jong-Hyun Ahn and Tae-Woo Lee from the Pohang University of Science and Technology and the Yonsei University in Korea respectively investigated the use of praphene anodes for ultra-flexible OLED devices. The original article, "Approaching Ultimate Flexible Organic Light Emitting Diodes Using a Graphene Anode", is published in NPG Asia Materials (2016) 8, e303; doi:10.1038/am.2016.108 online on September 9, 2016. Read more »
Lp Article | Technologies | Sep 06, 2016
LightSpeed Experience Center
LightSpeed Experience Center On August 26th, 2016 the editors of LED professional Review were invited by EBV Elektronik to visit their newly established “LightSpeed Experience Center” in Poing near Munich. It’s a very special meeting center, where you can view advanced and future technologies in the optoelectronics world. You could call it a tech incubator and think tank that enables innovation and creativity to combine. Read more »
LpR Article | Technologies | Sep 05, 2016
Technologies for Engineering an LED Light Closest to Sunlight
Technologies for Engineering an LED Light Closest to Sunlight TRI-R is a next-generation LED light source made possible by Toshiba Materials technology and commercialization together with TOL STUDIO. Using natural light that recreates the solar spectrum, TRI-R suppresses glare, prevents the loss of object color, and gives fresher, clearer expression to textures and details. Based on professional research examining the relationship light has with humans and the environment, this is illumination technology that provides the world surrounding us with the true and real value of light. Masahiko Yamakawa, Senior Specialist of Toshiba Materials Co.LTD., presents how this technology was developed and applied in some projects. Read more »
LpR Article | Research | Aug 11, 2016
Quality and Health Aspects of LED Lamps for the European Residential Lighting Market
Quality and Health Aspects of LED Lamps for the European Residential Lighting Market Because of shortfalls in regards to consumer information about high quality, energy efficient, substitute products for incandescent lamps, there has been a significant amount of irritation on the side of the consumer. As part of the Intelligent Energy Europe Program of the European Union, Prof. Dr. Georges Zissis from the Paul Sabatier - University Toulouse and his team investigated 370 LED lamps. All relevant parameters of 95 different lamp types from store shelves in 12 European countries were measured and evaluated regarding quality and health issues. Read more »
LpR Article | Technologies | Medical | Aug 11, 2016
High-End White Light Sources Fiber Optics Technology for Medical Applications
High-End White Light Sources Fiber Optics Technology for Medical Applications Often technologies that are too expensive for the mass market at the beginning are already adopted in medical applications. When reaching a certain level of maturity, costs usually become more reasonable and adaptations for the consumer market begins. Holger Laabs, Oliver Mehl and Henning Rehn from Osram GmbH present a light source technology and its prerequisites for fiber optics that could become one of these technologies. Read more »
LpR Article | Technologies | Aug 11, 2016
Concepts to Overcome Lifetime Issues of LED Drivers
Concepts to Overcome Lifetime Issues of LED Drivers Lighting technology has changed significantly in recent years after a century of little to modest advancements. LED luminaires offer advancement in lower power consumption and expected life. Maggie Nadjmi, EE Product Manager at SL Power Electronics, explains why this new technology will probably not meet the life and reliability expectations if no attention is paid to the drivers and power supplies used to power LEDs. She discusses the main components affecting lifetime and how to eliminate them or design a product to still achieve the desired lifetime. Read more »
LpR Article | Research | Aug 09, 2016
Flicker Beyond Perception Limits - A Summary of Lesser Known Research Results
Flicker Beyond Perception Limits - A Summary of Lesser Known Research Results Since the introduction of fluorescent lamps, the lighting industry knows about flicker issues. However, many aspects are still unclear. Especially effects beyond the flicker fusion threshold are mostly ignored, and sometimes even denied. Dr. Walter Werner, CEO of Werner Consulting, gives a summary of research results indicating that further research is needed and that for high quality lighting very likely a much higher PWM modulation frequency is required. Read more »
Technologies | Thermal Management | Jul 14, 2016
Engineered “Sand” May Help Cool Electronic Devices and LEDs
Engineered “Sand” May Help Cool Electronic Devices and LEDs Giorgia Tech Research reports that Baratunde Cola, associated professor at the George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology, would like to put sand into your computer and other electronic devices. Not beach sand, but silicon dioxide nanoparticles coated with a high dielectric constant polymer to inexpensively provide improved cooling for increasingly power-hungry electronic devices. Read more »
Technologies | LEDs | Light Generation | Quality | Jul 11, 2016
The Right Light for Fashion Retail, Fresh Food and Restaurants - More than just CCT and CRI
The Right Light for Fashion Retail, Fresh Food and Restaurants - More than just CCT and CRI Lumileds recently introduced their Luxeon Stylist Series to support fashion, retail, fresh food sales and restaurants. Lumileds calls their proprietary technology for CoB LEDs CrispWhite Technology, CrispColor Technology™, FreshFocus Technology™ and AtmoSphere Technology™ depending on the focus. In preparation for the product release, Rick Hamburger, Senior Director of Product Management, Eric Senders, Product Line Director CoB, Luis Acena, Senior Manager, Luxeon Stylist Series, Kevin Lucido, Senior Director of Global Marketing Communications discussed the technology and features of the new product series with Arno Grabher-Meyer from LED professional. Read more »
LpR Article | Technologies | Jul 01, 2016
How Silicones are Evolving to Meet the Growing Needs of the LED Lighting Industry by Dow Corning
How Silicones are Evolving to Meet the Growing Needs of the LED Lighting Industry by Dow Corning There are different materials for optics in lighting applications. The lighting application engineers François de Buyl, Martijn Beukema and Kevin van Tiggelen from Dow Corning are convinced that silicone’s unique qualities help to expand options in the design and molding of LED packaging components, as well as components for lamp and luminaire applications. Read more »
LpR Article | Technologies | Jun 29, 2016
Optical Lithography Method for Advanced Light Extraction in LEDs
Optical Lithography Method for Advanced Light Extraction in LEDs Objective material selection for various target applications is key for successful product development. Efficient light extraction features are crucial for highly efficient LEDs. Thomas Uhrmann and Harun Solak, et.al* from EV Group and Eulitha AG will demonstrate a novel lithography method, PHABLE™, that enables the printing of sub-μm patterns in a non-contact, proximity process. Read more »
LpR Article | Technologies | Jun 28, 2016
High-Index Nanocrystals - Key to Next Generation Advancements in Lighting
High-Index Nanocrystals - Key to Next Generation Advancements in Lighting Solid-State Lighting is destined to be a next generation lighting option. LEDs have already entered main stream applications and OLED technology has advanced greatly in the past few years in terms of efficacy and performance. Both technologies need to continue to improve performance to achieve high market acceptance. Dr. Gregory Cooper, Chief Technology Officer and Founder of Pixelligent Technologies LLC, illustrates how LED and OLED technology can advance to the next level by incorporating nanomaterials into existing packaging. Read more »
LpR Article | Technologies | Jun 28, 2016
MOCVD Platform for Cost-Effective Production of GaN-based HB LEDs
MOCVD Platform for Cost-Effective Production of GaN-based HB LEDs GaN-based blue and ultraviolet light emitting diodes (LEDs) are steadily becoming more widely used in solid-state lighting (SSL) applications [1-3]. Enabling dramatic energy savings when compared to contemporary incandescent bulbs and fluorescent lamps, these high-brightness LEDs (HB-LEDs) have a market potential in the billions of dollars. Yole Development estimates that by 2017, the market for LEDs will be approximately $75 billion [4, 5]. Shiping Guo, the Senior Technology Director of Advanced Micro-Fabrication Equipment Inc. presents a new approach to support this goal with a cost effective MOCVD solution for HB-GaN LED manufacturing. Read more »
LpR Article | Technologies | Jun 28, 2016
OLED Technology in Lighting Applications
OLED Technology in Lighting Applications Prototypes and niche applications with OLEDs for lighting have been demonstrated over the past few years. Now there are indications that OLED technology is ready for mass production or at least will be ready very soon. Franco Musiari, Technology Specialist at ASSODEL analyzed the current status and future perspectives of OLED technology. Read more »
LpR Article | Technologies | Jun 28, 2016
LED and Lens Degradation Through Volatile Organic Compounds
LED and Lens Degradation Through Volatile Organic Compounds In general, LEDs are very resistant light sources. Nevertheless, glues, conformal coatings, o-rings, gaskets, and potting compounds, all materials that are frequently used in the construction of LED based luminaires or lamps and often contain volatile organic compounds (VOCs) may have a negative impact on performance, reliability and lifetime. Edward Steinke, application engineer at Cree, explains the set of problems and how to prevent these issues based on Cree’s products, using their test kit components, as well as components for lamp and luminaire applications. Read more »
LpR Article | Technologies | Jun 28, 2016
Reliability Oriented Design of LED-Based Light Sources
Reliability Oriented Design of LED-Based Light Sources The transition from traditional light sources to SSL systems requires a different design philosophy to achieve the advantages offered by LED light sources. The key approach is based on the parallel design of thermal, electrical, optical and spectral properties of the light source. Matteo Meneghini, Gaudenzio Meneghesso, Enrico Zanoni and Matteo Dal Lago from the Department of Information Engineering at the University of Padova, and Nicola Trivellin from LightCube SRL explain this approach including the importance of the electrical management of LEDs, comparing modulation techniques to constant current, differentiating between versatility and efficiency. Read more »
Technologies | LEDs | Light Conversion | Jun 23, 2016
New Phosphor Promises Cheaper and more Efficient Next-Generation LED Lighting
New Phosphor Promises Cheaper and more Efficient Next-Generation LED Lighting Researchers from KU Leuven (Belgium), the University of Strasbourg, and CNRS have discovered a new phosphor that could make next-generation fluorescent and LED lighting even cheaper and more efficient. The team used highly luminescent clusters of silver atoms and the porous framework of minerals known as zeolites. Read more »
Technologies | LEDs | Laser | Light Conversion | LiFi | Jun 23, 2016
Perovskite Phosphor Provides High Quality White Light and Boosts VLC
Perovskite Phosphor Provides High Quality White Light and Boosts VLC Mark Peplow recently reported on the Chemical & Engineering News website about the latest encouraging research results from a research team from CEMSE and KAUST. The researchers found that combination of solution-processed CsPbBr3 perovskite nanocrystals (NCs) with a conventional red phosphor produces high quality white light when pumped with a blue LED or laser. Furthermore excited-state lifetime is short enough to provide record-breaking high bandwidth for visible light communication (VLC), aka LiFi. Read more »
LpR Article | Technologies | Jun 21, 2016
Safety Issues for LED Drivers with PWM Operation Modes by Product Approvals Ltd.
Safety Issues for LED Drivers with PWM Operation Modes by Product Approvals Ltd. In many cases LED drivers manage their output power with PWM controlled switched mode power supply-topologies. The output voltages are filtered and normally DC voltages with low ripple apply at the output connectors of LED drivers. During dimming these circuits can behave very differently and therefore safety issues may arise. Siegfried Luger, CEO at Luger Research e.U. and John Showell, Product Safety Consultant at Product Approvals Ltd. have a closer look at those operation modes and the requirements on voltage limits. Read more »
LpR Article | Technologies | Jun 21, 2016
Optimization of SSL LED Devices by Osram Opto Semiconductors
Optimization of SSL LED Devices by Osram Opto Semiconductors There are different levers to improve LED performance. Ralph Bertram, application engineer for SSL products, and Alexander Wilm, key expert in the SSL application engineering department at Osram Opto Semiconductors, have a look into the device itself and explore the principal limitations of the different contributors to device efficacy. They show how to balance driving current and chip size to define the right LED, and explain the impact on performance and system costs of LED packages for the intended lighting task approaches for lighting strategies. Read more »
LpR Article | Technologies | Jun 20, 2016
LED Light Spectrum Enhancement with Transparent Pigmented Glazes
LED Light Spectrum Enhancement with Transparent Pigmented Glazes While LED bulbs have the distinct economic advantages of using less energy, producing less heat and lasting years longer than traditional incandescent bulbs, when objects are viewed under LED light, they frequently appear to be of different colors than when viewed in sunlight or with incandescent lights. Jan-Marie A Spanard from Light Spectrum Glazes proposes and explains an approach to optimize the spectral distribution of LED light to overcome this weakness. Read more »
LpR Article | Technologies | Jun 20, 2016
High Color-Rendering, Full-Visible-Spectrum LEDs by Soraa
High Color-Rendering, Full-Visible-Spectrum LEDs by Soraa The first wave of conventional white LEDs primarily focused on lumens per Watt. These LEDs were based on phosphor down-conversion using primary blue “pump” emission. Currently LEDs are catching up in regards to light quality using different approaches. Aurelien David, Senior Principal Scientist and Mike Krames, Chief Technology Officer at Soraa explain their technology approach of violet-pumped, full-visible-spectrum LEDs, and the interrelated challenges and advantages. Read more »
Research | Jun 09, 2016
Blue Wavelengths of LED Light Negatively Affect Milk Quality
Blue Wavelengths of LED Light Negatively Affect Milk Quality Matt Hayes, managing editor and social media officer for the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, and Alina Stelick, research support specialist in the Department of Food Science, report at the Cornell Chronicle of June 8th, 2016 that Cornell researchers in the Department of Food Science found exposure to light-emitting diode (LED) sources for even a few hours degrades the perceived quality of milk more so than the microbial content that naturally accumulates over time. Their study determined milk remained at high-quality for two weeks when shielded from LED exposure, and consumers overwhelmingly preferred the older, shielded milk over fresh milk stored in a typical container that had been exposed to LED light for as little as four hours. Read more »
LpR Article | Technologies | Jun 08, 2016
InGaN Nanowires Make Light Mixing Efficient and Smart
InGaN Nanowires Make Light Mixing Efficient and Smart The correlated color temperature (CCT) of high color rendering index (CRI) LED lighting systems can, in principle, be tuned over a wide range. As an alternative approach to conventional phosphor based LEDs, a full-color LED array consisting of red, green and blue (RGB) InGaN based nanowire LEDs monolithically integrated on a micro-scale level has been proposed and fabricated. J. Lee from the Nano Electronics Lab at the Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Renjie Wang, Hieu P. T. Nguyen, Ashfiqua T. Connie, Ishiang Shih, and Zetian Mi from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at McGill University in Montreal explain how this technology works and how the three multi-color subpixels on the same chip can be separately biased and can exhibit full-color emission which can be tuned controllably in a wide CCT range. Read more »
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