LED professional Review (LpR) - Articles

LpR Article | Jul 05, 2016

LED Market and Development Trends from the Point of View of a Full-Range Trader in Lighting by Everlight

LED Market and Development Trends from the Point of View of a Full-Range Trader in Lighting by Everlight In an interview with LED professional, Ms. Beate Jungwirth, Director of Marketing & Communications and PR at Everlight and Dr. Christopher Keusch, Senior Sales Manager at Everlight, talk about the market and development trends in the area of LEDs. The experts also discuss Everlight’s focus at the LED professional Symposium +Expo 2012 which takes place in Bregenz, Austria from September 25th to 27th. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 05, 2016

An LED Solution for Historic Monumental Electric Chandeliers by Ramselaar Light Solutions

An LED Solution for Historic Monumental Electric Chandeliers by Ramselaar Light Solutions The Netherlands Institute for War Documentation (NIOD) is housed in a magnificent monumental late 19th century building at the Amsterdam Herengracht (the Netherlands). Recently, the unique brass chandeliers were provided with LED lamps, which were specially developed for this project by Ramselaar Light Solutions. Ron Ramselaar and M. Brouwers, advisor on behalf of the Government Buildings Agency (RGD), tell us about this extraordinary project. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 05, 2016

Human-Centric Lighting: Sensor Technology for Full- Spectrum Lighting Solutions by ams

Human-Centric Lighting: Sensor Technology for Full- Spectrum Lighting Solutions by ams While not necessarily common knowledge, research is rapidly validating the common-sense understanding that human beings are “tuned” to the natural lighting cycles of the sun, and can be equally “de-tuned”, to the detriment of both health and productivity, by artificial light sources that operate contrary to these natural flows. Sajol Ghoshal, Director of Sensor Driven Lighting at the Opto Sensor and Lighting BU at ams, discusses the available approaches for full-spectrum solutions, and potential humancentric benefits, of fully integrated intelligent ambient/color light sensor and driver technology. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 05, 2016

Additive Manufacture of Optics Goes Digital by LUXeXceL B.V.

Additive Manufacture of Optics Goes Digital by LUXeXceL B.V. With a new technology for additive manufacturing, optics fabrication has gone digital, making more product innovation and variety affordable by eliminating the expense of molds and tooling, enabling just-in-time manufacturing and bringing a new freedom for optics and lighting designers. Marco de Visser, Business Development Manager at LUXeXceL B.V. gives an update on this technology and its new opportunities. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 05, 2016

LED Market and Development Trends from the Point of View of a Full-Range Trader in Lighting by Everlight

LED Market and Development Trends from the Point of View of a Full-Range Trader in Lighting by Everlight In an interview with LED professional, Ms. Beate Jungwirth, Director of Marketing & Communications and PR at Everlight and Dr. Christopher Keusch, Senior Sales Manager at Everlight, talk about the market and development trends in the area of LEDs. The experts also discuss Everlight’s focus at the LED professional Symposium +Expo 2012 which takes place in Bregenz, Austria from September 25th to 27th. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 05, 2016

DC-Grids - Challenges and Chances for LED Lighting by the Fraunhofer Institute and LED professional

DC-Grids - Challenges and Chances for LED Lighting by the Fraunhofer Institute and LED professional At the beginning of November many important aspects of DC Grids were discussed at the Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Systems and Device Technology in Erlangen at the European Center for Power Electronics (ECPE) conference. Besides fundamental issues, very specific ones like how the introduction of DC Grids affects lighting technologies and especially LED lighting were part of the program. Below, Arno Grabher-Meyer from LED professional gives a summary of the speeches and expert discussions and gives us an idea of what the key ideas could mean to the LED lighting community. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 05, 2016

Energy Efficiency and Thermal Simulations of a Retrofit LED Light Bulb by the University of Turku

Energy Efficiency and Thermal Simulations of a Retrofit LED Light Bulb by the University of Turku Mika Maaspuro and Aulis Tuominen from the University of Turku investigated the energy efficiency of a LED driver mounted inside a retrofit light. The heat generation of the LEDs and the driver of the light bulb have been simulated and measured. A thermal model for the light bulb has been created and simulated using a Finite-Element-Method (FEM) software. Parameters of the model have been adjusted to match the temperature measurements which have been done with IR-camera and thermocouples. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 05, 2016

Energy Efficiency and Thermal Simulations of a Retrofit LED Light Bulb by the University of Turku

Energy Efficiency and Thermal Simulations of a Retrofit LED Light Bulb by the University of Turku Mika Maaspuro and Aulis Tuominen from the University of Turku investigated the energy efficiency of a LED driver mounted inside a retrofit light. The heat generation of the LEDs and the driver of the light bulb have been simulated and measured. A thermal model for the light bulb has been created and simulated using a Finite-Element-Method (FEM) software. Parameters of the model have been adjusted to match the temperature measurements which have been done with IR-camera and thermocouples. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 05, 2016

Sensors and Feedback Control of Multi-Color LED Systems by MAZeT GmbH

Sensors and Feedback Control of Multi-Color LED Systems by MAZeT GmbH To obtain stable and consistent lighting conditions within the black body range with LED systems, especially RGBx systems is a challenging task. Feedback controlled systems are expensive, but the best solution. Here, the question of which type of sensor accomodates the given application best, arises. Thomas Nimz, Fredrik Hailer and Kevin Jensen from MAZeT GmbH discuss different options based on their scientific studies on LED systems with four or more different LEDs considering secondary conditions like color rendering index. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 05, 2016

Mesopic Photometry - An Accurate System of Road Lighting Evaluation by Surya Roshni Ltd.

Mesopic Photometry - An Accurate System of Road Lighting Evaluation by Surya Roshni Ltd. For a long time, photopic vision was the basis for all light measurement tasks, but today this approach is challenged. According to several research results, it seems that mesopic vision should be used as a basis to evaluate street lighting applications or other low level lighting applications. Prija Jain from the Executive Design and Development (Photometry & Optics) department of Surya Roshni Ltd. in India gives us an overview on the recent status of the discussion, explains it and shows the resulting consequences. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 05, 2016

Practical Results of a Gas Station Refurbishment with LED Luminaires by the Electromagnetica SA Semiconductor Lighting Centre

Practical Results of a Gas Station Refurbishment with LED Luminaires by the Electromagnetica SA Semiconductor Lighting Centre Perfect lighting at a gas station is very important for competitiveness. But a conventional lighting system is also a costly and energy demanding installation with high maintenance costs. Stelian Matei from the Electromagnetica SA Semiconductor Lighting Centre shows how a well-planned upgrade of conventional lighting to LED lighting lowers energy consumption and maintenance and, therefore, costs. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 05, 2016

Practical Results of a Gas Station Refurbishment with LED Luminaires by the Electromagnetica SA Semiconductor Lighting Centre

Practical Results of a Gas Station Refurbishment with LED Luminaires by the Electromagnetica SA Semiconductor Lighting Centre Perfect lighting at a gas station is very important for competitiveness. But a conventional lighting system is also a costly and energy demanding installation with high maintenance costs. Stelian Matei from the Electromagnetica SA Semiconductor Lighting Centre shows how a well-planned upgrade of conventional lighting to LED lighting lowers energy consumption and maintenance and, therefore, costs. Read more »

LpR Article | Research | Jul 04, 2016

Flexible OLEDs for Lighting Applications by the Holst Centre

Flexible OLEDs for Lighting Applications by the Holst Centre While OLEDs already have successfully found their way into display applications, the breakthrough in lighting applications is still pending. The reasons are diverse, but cost is one major point. Another reason is the current edge of inorganic LEDs giving reasonable design opportunities in many standard applications. However, there are applications where OLEDs could score, especially the flexible OLEDs. But even these OLEDs need to become cheaper to be applied widely. The Holst Centre and partners aim to develop generic technologies for large area flexible OLEDs which can be processed with roll-to-roll (R2R) technology. Process Engineer Tansim Baig gives an example and an overview of the current status of the development. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 04, 2016

Lighting & Building Automation Technologies

Lighting & Building Automation Technologies The transition from traditional lighting technology to LED is old news. People in the lighting business no longer talk about the “LED Revolution”. Today’s revolution, perhaps spurred on by LED technology, is in building automation and lighting controls. Lighting experts know that while LED products have the potential to achieve terawatts of power savings worldwide over the next decade, even larger power savings might be achieved through effective lighting control and building automation systems. Greg Galluccio, Director at Leviton Manufacturing discusses lighting load-shedding strategies, such as daylight harvesting, occupancy sensing, task management and demand response as well as the trends towards the interaction of lighting control with other building functions. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 04, 2016

Advanced Passive Thermal Management Solutions for High Power LEDs by Advanced Cooling Technologies (ACT)

Advanced Passive Thermal Management Solutions for High Power LEDs by Advanced Cooling Technologies (ACT) There are two main solutions to improve passive thermal management in LED devices. One is to increase the surface area of a heat sink. This requires additional size, weight and material and offers only marginal improvement. The second solution is to increase the thermal conductivity between the heat source and the sink. The latter is supported by well-established technologies like heat pipes and vapor chambers. Richard Bonner, Manager for Custom Products, and Peter Ritt, Vice President at Advanced Cooling Technologies (ACT) give insight into the latest developments and explain how they work, how they are designed and applied correctly, and discuss their opportunities, advantages and limitations. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 02, 2016

Using Integrating Spheres Correctly to Measure LEDs

Using Integrating Spheres Correctly to Measure LEDs LEDs have opened up new dimensions of design freedom, allowing architects and designers to give free rein to their creativity. Light-emitting diodes permit manifold design solutions as a light source in illumination products. However, a suitable measuring method for comparing key technical data is required in order to get the best out of the diversity of illumination products available. Mikolaj Przybyla from GL OPTIC, a Just Normlicht GmbH division, explains crucial product requirements and what to take care about when calibrating a measurement system. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 02, 2016

Reliable Thermal Management of High-Power LEDs by Haeusermann

Reliable Thermal Management of High-Power LEDs by Haeusermann Stefan Hörth believes that FR4 PCBs can easily replace IMS PCBs and even open new fields of LED applications. Haeusermann’s HSMtec Product Manager demonstrates that common FR4 laminates, including special copper filling, will sufficiently withstand the heat of HB LEDs. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 02, 2016

EMI Problems in TRIAC Dimmable LED Drivers by RECOM Lighting

EMI Problems in TRIAC Dimmable LED Drivers by RECOM Lighting TRIAC dimming adds a dimension to Power Factor (PF) and Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) that is rarely defined by LED driver manufacturers. Bianca Aichinger, Product Marketing Manager at RECOM Lighting, examines the relationship between PF, THD and harmonics and explains why this relationship can change as soon as the LEDs are dimmed, thus causing increased EMI and undesirable visible effects such as LED flashing and flicker. The European standards for EMC and Harmonics are only specified for full load and in the non-dimmed condition. In practice, there are often dimmer/driver/LED load conditions which may meet the regulations when undimmed, but fail significantly if dimming is used. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 02, 2016

An Economical Omnidirectional A19 LED Light Bulb by the Industrial Technology Research Institute

An Economical Omnidirectional A19 LED Light Bulb by the Industrial Technology Research Institute Since 2009, when the Japanese government was vigorously promoting LED bulbs in end-market applications, they have become mainstream commodities in the LED lighting market. Chen-Peng Hsu, project manager of Electronics and Optoelectronics Research Laboratories at Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI), introduces the R&D 100 award-winning invention of an omnidirectional A19 LED light bulb that is light weight and economical. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 01, 2016

The Influence of LED Emission Characteristics on the Efficiency of Lighting Systems by Osram Opto Semiconductor

The Influence of LED Emission Characteristics on the Efficiency of Lighting Systems by Osram Opto Semiconductor In general lighting, efficiency is the main focus. Under specific operation conditions, the main issue appears to be luminous flux. Dr. Roland Schulz, application engineer in the Solid State Lighting division at Osram Opto Semiconductor, takes a deeper look at the influence of LED radiation characteristics. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 01, 2016

The Influence of LED Emission Characteristics on the Efficiency of Lighting Systems by Osram Opto Semiconductor

The Influence of LED Emission Characteristics on the Efficiency of Lighting Systems by Osram Opto Semiconductor In general lighting, efficiency is the main focus. Under specific operation conditions, the main issue appears to be luminous flux. Dr. Roland Schulz, application engineer in the Solid State Lighting division at Osram Opto Semiconductor, takes a deeper look at the influence of LED radiation characteristics. Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | Jul 01, 2016

How Silicones are Evolving to Meet the Growing Needs of the LED Lighting Industry by Dow Corning

How Silicones are Evolving to Meet the Growing Needs of the LED Lighting Industry by Dow Corning There are different materials for optics in lighting applications. The lighting application engineers François de Buyl, Martijn Beukema and Kevin van Tiggelen from Dow Corning are convinced that silicone’s unique qualities help to expand options in the design and molding of LED packaging components, as well as components for lamp and luminaire applications. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 01, 2016

Labeling and Certification Testing Issues by UL

Labeling and Certification Testing Issues by UL Arno Grabher-Meyer from LED professional summarizes several issues regarding certification and certification processes which were discussed with David Edwards, an expert in testing and compliance engineering for consumer products at UL. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 01, 2016

Choosing the Appropriate Heatsink for an Application by Fischer Elektronik

Choosing the Appropriate Heatsink for an Application by Fischer Elektronik Next to vibrations and moisture, temperature-related stress on electronic semiconductor elements is the most common cause of failure for electronic components and devices. Effective thermal management is obligatory to ensure durability, reliability and performance. Jürgen Harpain, Manager of Development at Fischer Elektronik explains how different types of heatsinks provide excellent solutions and which one is the appropriate solution for a given application. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 01, 2016

Thermal Management for LEDs Beyond Thermal Conductivity Values by Electrolube

Thermal Management for LEDs Beyond Thermal Conductivity Values by Electrolube Specifically designed and formulated chemical products are widely used in the electronics industry for a vast array of applications. Jade Bridges, European Technical Support Specialist at Electrolube explains why such products have become an essential factor in ensuring the performance and quality of electronic devices, whether it is during PCB manufacture or for the protection of components or complete devices. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 01, 2016

Boost-Buck LED Driver Topology for Low Input and Output Ripple for Low EMI by Linear Technology

Boost-Buck LED Driver Topology for Low Input and Output Ripple for Low EMI by Linear Technology Many automotive LED driver circuits require constant-current DC/DC converter topologies that can both step-up and step-down the input-to-output voltage. Out of the commonly used step-up and step-down topologies, those that produce low EMI are the most desirable. Keith Szolusha, applications engineering section leader with Linear Technology, proposes a new boost-buck (boost-then-buck-mode) floating output LED driver to satisfy these requirements. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 01, 2016

Light Guide Technology for Obtaining a Different Bi-Directional Direct/Indirect Light Emission Pattern

Light Guide Technology for Obtaining a Different Bi-Directional Direct/Indirect Light Emission Pattern Market requirements ask for a solution for use in suspended light fixtures that will allow the light to be distributed upward, for indirect illumination, as well as downward, for direct illumination. However, existing light guide technology typically produces fairly indirect light and relatively uncontrolled distribution. Brett Shriver, Vice President at Global Lighting Technologies, explains a new approach with individual light extraction features used within the light guide in order to control light in multiple directions and provide the required semi-Lambertian distribution in the downward direction with low glare while obtaining a bat-wing type distribution in the upward direction. Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | Jun 30, 2016

High Color-Rendering, Full-Visible-Spectrum LEDs by Soraa

High Color-Rendering, Full-Visible-Spectrum LEDs by Soraa The first wave of conventional white LEDs primarily focused on lumens per Watt. These LEDs were based on phosphor down-conversion using primary blue “pump” emission. Currently LEDs are catching up in regards to light quality using different approaches. Aurelien David, Senior Principal Scientist and Mike Krames, Chief Technology Officer at Soraa explain their technology approach of violet-pumped, full-visible-spectrum LEDs, and the interrelated challenges and advantages. Read more »

LpR Article | Jun 29, 2016

Predictive Simulation to Virtually Test Product Design and Reduce Time to Market by Trinseo

Predictive Simulation to Virtually Test Product Design and Reduce Time to Market by Trinseo With technical progress and new regulations, shorter product cycles are a continuous challenge for OEMs. Modelling is one measure to cut time to market efficiently without compromising product quality. Trinseo Technical Service & Development specialists Kersten Terry and Berend Hoek explain the process of computer-based simulation, specifically applied to injection molded plastic parts. Through case studies, they showcase how Trinseo’s Application Engineering Development resource facilitates more effective LED-lighting development relative to part design, tool design and material selection by modelling “real world“ performance. Read more »

LpR Article | Jun 27, 2016

Thermal Transient Testing of LEDs for More Reliable SSL Products by Mentor Graphics

Thermal Transient Testing of LEDs for More Reliable SSL Products by Mentor Graphics An LED device’s reliability, useful operating lifetime and luminous flux are basically determined by the junction temperature; therefore, so is the lifetime and reliability of the final SSL application. Thermal transient testing is now supported by new industrial laboratory testing standards published by JEDEC. Dr. Andras Poppe, Mechanical Analysis Division, MicReD, at Mentor Graphics will explain the corner stones of this standard and discuss application examples. This includes measurement of the RthJC, test-based thermal modeling of the LED package, hot lumens prediction, and monitoring of degradation of the thermal interfaces during life-time test, to name just a few. Read more »

FEATURED

LumiTop 4000: Comprehensive Optical Wafer Testing for μLEDs

LumiTop 4000: Comprehensive Optical Wafer Testing for μLEDs Instrument Systems offers a unique camera-based measurement solution for μLED wafer testing that generates 2-dimensional, pixel-resolved optical analyses within given cycle times. The LumiTop 4000 has a resolution of 12 MP and can detect the smallest of defects and inhomogeneities on the wafer. ... Read more »

FEATURED

Lumileds Maximizes Field Usable Lumens: New LUXEON HL2X LED

Lumileds Maximizes Field Usable Lumens: New LUXEON HL2X LED Lumileds introduces the LUXEON HL2X, the ideal choice for roadway lighting and sports lighting fixtures with the highest flux and efficiency in an industry standard package. "With 318+ lumens at 700 mA and 85°C, LUXEON HL2X delivers more 'field usable lumens' for optical engineers to work with. ... Read more »

EDITORIAL

Australian Associated Press Recently Wrote: Red Light Could Improve Over-40s' Eyesight

Australian Associated Press Recently Wrote: Red Light Could Improve Over-40s' Eyesight A small LED torch that emits deep red light could help improve declining eyesight, scientists have said: A study by University College London, involving a small sample size of 24 people, has shown that staring at long wavelength light for three minutes every day can "significantly improve vision" ... Read more »

EDITORIAL

Signify Invests to Broaden Its UV-C Lighting Portfolio for Professional Disinfection

Signify Invests to Broaden Its UV-C Lighting Portfolio for Professional Disinfection Signify, the world leader in lighting, is increasing its UV-C lighting production capacity and expanding its UV-C product portfolio. The company is leveraging more than 35 years of expertise in UV-C lighting to address the growing global need for the disinfection of air, surfaces and objects. Read more »