LED professional Review (LpR) - Articles

LpR Article | Jul 01, 2016

Thermal Management for LEDs Beyond Thermal Conductivity Values by Electrolube

Thermal Management for LEDs Beyond Thermal Conductivity Values by Electrolube Specifically designed and formulated chemical products are widely used in the electronics industry for a vast array of applications. Jade Bridges, European Technical Support Specialist at Electrolube explains why such products have become an essential factor in ensuring the performance and quality of electronic devices, whether it is during PCB manufacture or for the protection of components or complete devices. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 01, 2016

Boost-Buck LED Driver Topology for Low Input and Output Ripple for Low EMI by Linear Technology

Boost-Buck LED Driver Topology for Low Input and Output Ripple for Low EMI by Linear Technology Many automotive LED driver circuits require constant-current DC/DC converter topologies that can both step-up and step-down the input-to-output voltage. Out of the commonly used step-up and step-down topologies, those that produce low EMI are the most desirable. Keith Szolusha, applications engineering section leader with Linear Technology, proposes a new boost-buck (boost-then-buck-mode) floating output LED driver to satisfy these requirements. Read more »

LpR Article | Jul 01, 2016

Light Guide Technology for Obtaining a Different Bi-Directional Direct/Indirect Light Emission Pattern

Light Guide Technology for Obtaining a Different Bi-Directional Direct/Indirect Light Emission Pattern Market requirements ask for a solution for use in suspended light fixtures that will allow the light to be distributed upward, for indirect illumination, as well as downward, for direct illumination. However, existing light guide technology typically produces fairly indirect light and relatively uncontrolled distribution. Brett Shriver, Vice President at Global Lighting Technologies, explains a new approach with individual light extraction features used within the light guide in order to control light in multiple directions and provide the required semi-Lambertian distribution in the downward direction with low glare while obtaining a bat-wing type distribution in the upward direction. Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | Jun 30, 2016

High Color-Rendering, Full-Visible-Spectrum LEDs by Soraa

High Color-Rendering, Full-Visible-Spectrum LEDs by Soraa The first wave of conventional white LEDs primarily focused on lumens per Watt. These LEDs were based on phosphor down-conversion using primary blue “pump” emission. Currently LEDs are catching up in regards to light quality using different approaches. Aurelien David, Senior Principal Scientist and Mike Krames, Chief Technology Officer at Soraa explain their technology approach of violet-pumped, full-visible-spectrum LEDs, and the interrelated challenges and advantages. Read more »

LpR Article | Jun 29, 2016

Predictive Simulation to Virtually Test Product Design and Reduce Time to Market by Trinseo

Predictive Simulation to Virtually Test Product Design and Reduce Time to Market by Trinseo With technical progress and new regulations, shorter product cycles are a continuous challenge for OEMs. Modelling is one measure to cut time to market efficiently without compromising product quality. Trinseo Technical Service & Development specialists Kersten Terry and Berend Hoek explain the process of computer-based simulation, specifically applied to injection molded plastic parts. Through case studies, they showcase how Trinseo’s Application Engineering Development resource facilitates more effective LED-lighting development relative to part design, tool design and material selection by modelling “real world“ performance. Read more »

LpR Article | Jun 27, 2016

Thermal Transient Testing of LEDs for More Reliable SSL Products by Mentor Graphics

Thermal Transient Testing of LEDs for More Reliable SSL Products by Mentor Graphics An LED device’s reliability, useful operating lifetime and luminous flux are basically determined by the junction temperature; therefore, so is the lifetime and reliability of the final SSL application. Thermal transient testing is now supported by new industrial laboratory testing standards published by JEDEC. Dr. Andras Poppe, Mechanical Analysis Division, MicReD, at Mentor Graphics will explain the corner stones of this standard and discuss application examples. This includes measurement of the RthJC, test-based thermal modeling of the LED package, hot lumens prediction, and monitoring of degradation of the thermal interfaces during life-time test, to name just a few. Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | Jun 26, 2016

Safety Issues for LED Drivers with PWM Operation Modes by Product Approvals Ltd.

Safety Issues for LED Drivers with PWM Operation Modes by Product Approvals Ltd. In many cases LED drivers manage their output power with PWM controlled switched mode power supply-topologies. The output voltages are filtered and normally DC voltages with low ripple apply at the output connectors of LED drivers. During dimming these circuits can behave very differently and therefore safety issues may arise. Siegfried Luger, CEO at Luger Research e.U. and John Showell, Product Safety Consultant at Product Approvals Ltd. have a closer look at those operation modes and the requirements on voltage limits. Read more »

LpR Article | Jun 25, 2016

The Role of Special Optics in Human Centric Lighting and Architecture by Suleyman Turgut and Luminit LLC

The Role of Special Optics in Human Centric Lighting and Architecture by Suleyman Turgut and Luminit LLC While Human Centric Lighting is relatively new and a topic of some debate, few can argue over the benefits of creating more natural lighting conditions in offices, retail spaces and other architectural settings. Anthony Ang, Optical Engineer, Suleyman Turgut, Director of Sales, and Mary Ann Giorgio, Marketing Communications Specialist at Luminit LLC show how special or “tertiary” optics, such as diffuser and direction film, can play a crucial role in Human Centric Lighting or lighting that takes into account the emotional and biological needs of humans. Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | Jun 25, 2016

Optimization of SSL LED Devices by Osram Opto Semiconductors

Optimization of SSL LED Devices by Osram Opto Semiconductors There are different levers to improve LED performance. Ralph Bertram, application engineer for SSL products, and Alexander Wilm, key expert in the SSL application engineering department at Osram Opto Semiconductors, have a look into the device itself and explore the principal limitations of the different contributors to device efficacy. They show how to balance driving current and chip size to define the right LED, and explain the impact on performance and system costs of LED packages for the intended lighting task approaches for lighting strategies. Read more »

LpR Article | Jun 24, 2016

Development of a Workflow for Colored Ray Data by TechnoTeam Bildverarbeitung GmbH

Development of a Workflow for Colored Ray Data by TechnoTeam Bildverarbeitung GmbH The importance of white LEDs has risen continuously over the past years. In many cases, disturbing color fringes appear on white LEDs with a blue chip and a yellow phosphor. To avoid this, different distribution of the blue and the yellow light has to be described for simulation. Therefore, colored ray files are necessary. Nicole Stubenrauch, Development Engineer at TechnoTeam Bildverarbeitung GmbH, explains a workflow and method for creating colored ray files. Read more »

LpR Article | Jun 23, 2016

Advanced Optical Plastics Materials for LED Lighting Applications by Styron LLC

Advanced Optical Plastics Materials for LED Lighting Applications by Styron LLC Across a range of lighting solutions, Light Emitting Diodes have emerged as the clear choice for industry and consumers alike. Government regulations and consumer preference for more environmentally-conscious, energy-efficient products have caused manufacturers to develop solutions for the marketplace that offer new levels of energy efficiency, durability and long life. While the technology has evolved, so have the materials that go into the finished product. Claude Van Nuffel, Eric Wu, Peter Jackson and Marta Sans Peña from Styron LLC discuss versatility and one-of-a-kind properties of plastic – especially polycarbonate and polycarbonate blends – and why they have become the “materials of choice”. Read more »

LpR Article | Trends | Jun 23, 2016

Embedded Lighting - Developing New Lighting Applications for Modern Architectural Projects by Philips Lighting

Embedded Lighting - Developing New Lighting Applications for Modern Architectural Projects by Philips Lighting When the era of LED lighting started, everybody talked about the new age of lighting with new opportunities. While many lighting concepts are still pure replacements of the conventional light sources, with the maturation of this technology, more and more new concepts are realized, and the future perspectives are even more exciting. Brad Koerner, Venture Manager - Philips Luminous Patterns at Philips Lighting, shows examples, explains why such new concepts are desirable, and discusses which technologies support the introduction of new lighting applications. Read more »

LpR Article | Jun 21, 2016

Managing Manufacturing and Supply Chain Challenges in LED Luminaire Design by Sanmina

Managing Manufacturing and Supply Chain Challenges in LED Luminaire Design by Sanmina Today’s luminaires are often complicated lighting systems and have a wide range of applications from in-home luminaires and retail to very high power outdoor lighting. This causes several challenges in both design and manufacturing. Some of these problems may have already been solved by design and manufacturing firms having expertise with LED luminaire design and manufacturing. Gelston Howell, Senior Vice President at Sanmina explains how to manage some of these design, manufacturing and supply chain challenges by using examples. Read more »

LpR Article | Jun 20, 2016

Cost Saving Potential with Automation and Well Designed Processes by BJB GmbH

Cost Saving Potential with Automation and Well Designed Processes by BJB GmbH The manufacturing of modern LED luminaires and conventional fixtures has some similarities as well as some distinct differences that result in added challenges. Automation, in combination with a well-conceived product design and process combined with well-matched components, allows for economical manufacturing without compromising production quality and, consequently, reliable, high performance, and high quality luminaires. Olaf Baumeister, Head of Product Development and BJB-Automation at BJB GmbH, explains and discusses technical challenges, successful concepts and solutions. Read more »

LpR Article | Research | Jun 20, 2016

Luminescent Glasses and Glass Ceramics for White Light Emitting Diodes by the Fraunhofer Institute and the South Westphalia University of Applied Science

Luminescent Glasses and Glass Ceramics for White Light Emitting Diodes by the Fraunhofer Institute and the South Westphalia University of Applied Science Luminescent glasses or glass ceramics represent an interesting alternative to LED phosphor due to their high thermal and chemical stability. A series of rare-earth doped glasses are investigated for their potential application as photon converters for solid-state lighting applications. Franziska Steudel, Sebastian Loos, Bernd Ahrens, and Stefan Schweizer from the Fraunhofer Institute and the South Westphalia University of Applied Science respectively, show that the color coordinate of double-doped glass can be varied over a broad spectral range by changing the rare-earth doping ratio accordingly. In addition, double-doping allows for a change in the color coordinate by using different excitation wavelengths. Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | Jun 13, 2016

Cost and Performance Optimization of Thermal Management Solution for High Power LEDs by Cambridge Nanotherm

Cost and Performance Optimization of Thermal Management Solution for High Power LEDs by Cambridge Nanotherm The LED industry has a challenge. General lighting requires very bright LEDs that can replace incandescent and halogen lights. Manufacturers need efficacy, cost and manufacturability to be “just right” but most leading solutions, especially in thermal management, are short of the mark. Giles Humpston, applications engineer, Cambridge Nanotherm, discusses ways to combine performance with reasonable costs and good manufacturability. Read more »

LpR Article | Jun 10, 2016

Potting Processes as a Part of LED-Based Lighting Module Manufacturing Methods by ViscoTec Pumpen and Dosiertechnik GmbH

Potting Processes as a Part of LED-Based Lighting Module Manufacturing Methods by ViscoTec Pumpen and Dosiertechnik GmbH Many manufacturing processes need very accurate dosing. One such dosing process concerns the potting of LED-modules. Numerous parameters affect the potting quality. Willi Huber from the Business Unit Adhesives & Chemicals at ViscoTec Pumpen- u. Dosiertechnik GmbH explains casting equipment, critical parameters and appropriate potting methods. Read more »

LpR Article | Jun 06, 2016

Power over Ethernet Lighting for Commercial Buildings by Molex

Power over Ethernet Lighting for Commercial Buildings by Molex Today, information technology (IT) and lighting are separate worlds. It is necessary to create a bridge between these worlds, not only from a technical standpoint but also from the perspective of understanding what is important to each industry. Giovanni Frezza, Group Product Manager at Molex, discusses how LEDs and PoE may pave the way with new power standards: LEDs far outperform the lumens output of older lighting technologies. Today, the PoE standard for LED is 30 W. An UPOE standard for 60 W is in the works, and an expansion called BP is in progress for up to 95 W. Read more »

LpR Article | Research | Jun 03, 2016

Thin-Film Light Management System for Intelligent Large-Area LED Luminaires by the Centre Suisse d’Electronique et de Microtechnique SA

Thin-Film Light Management System for Intelligent Large-Area LED Luminaires by the Centre Suisse d’Electronique et de Microtechnique SA The recent advances in Solid State Lighting have triggered the development of smart lighting solutions. However, the point-like nature of LEDs imposes the use of inefficient and/or bulky light scattering sheets or costly, short-pitch LED arrays to achieve acceptable spatial luminance uniformity. Ph.D. Oscar Fernandez, Senior R&D Engineer at the Centre Suisse d’Electronique et de Microtechnique SA (CSEM) shows a new approach in the form of an innovative thin form-factor light management (LM) system comprising a highly engineered combination of thin-film diffractive nano-optical and refractive micro-optical elements. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Event-Reports | Trends | Jun 02, 2016

Light + Building Post Show Report: The Six Most Noteworthy Observations by LED professional

Light + Building Post Show Report: The Six Most Noteworthy Observations by LED professional In the weeks and months before the show it was obvious that the major topics were going to be IoT and connectivity. There are many reasons for this. One is that LED lighting has become established but the big deals for smart lighting and human centric lighting are missing. IoT seems to be the way to improve communication and enable both smart lighting and HCL. Arno Grabher-Meyer from LED professional gives a summary of his impressions of the fair in regards to these topics, and beyond. Read more »

LpR Article | May 30, 2016

The Value of Dark Skies - About Environmentally Friendly Lighting by the International Dark-Sky Association (IDA)

The Value of Dark Skies - About Environmentally Friendly Lighting by the International Dark-Sky Association (IDA) For many years no one worried about light pollution: on the contrary, the brighter the better. Then it became evident that darkness also has its value. J. Scott Feierabend, executive director of the International Dark-Sky Association (IDA), presents and explains in detail, the latest findings and suggestions published in the “New IDA LED Lighting Practical Guide” and “New IDA Standards on Blue Light at Night”. He also discusses how to illuminate public areas while avoiding excess light pollution. Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | May 27, 2016

Create Colorful and Bright LED Light with an LED Matrix Dimmer by Linear Technology

Create Colorful and Bright LED Light with an LED Matrix Dimmer by Linear Technology RGB LEDs are quite common and used in many applications today. More advanced multi-color solutions like RGBW, RGBA or RGBWA offer huge advantages over RGB solutions, but several aspects are more complicated. Keith Szolusha, applications engineering section leader for power products at Linear Technology explains the advantages of RGBW systems, how they work, how to set up such systems, and how to drive them correctly using Linear Technology’s LT3965 8-switch LED matrix dimmer in combination with the LT3952 boost-buck LED driver as an example. Read more »

LpR Article | May 24, 2016

Safety Concept for LED Street Lighting by Phoenix Contact

Safety Concept for LED Street Lighting by Phoenix Contact Street and building lighting has profited greatly from the advantages of LED technology. While modern LED lampposts have dielectric strengths of up to 6 kV, surge currents and voltages occurring in the grid can be significantly higher. Andreas Schamber, Product Manager for surge protection at Phoenix Contact, presents and discusses a comprehensive power surge protection concept to prevent blackouts during power surges and to protect investments in LED lighting based on the company’s product portfolio. Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | May 19, 2016

3-Pad LED Flip Chip COB by Flip Chip Opto

3-Pad LED Flip Chip COB by Flip Chip Opto Wafer level packaging and flip chip design are the most recent trends in LED manufacturing and packaging. These LED types are perfectly suited for producing COB modules. This combination already promises better thermal performance than standard SMD package based products. However, there is still room for improvements. Pao Chen, Director of Research and Development at Flip Chip Opto shows how a 3-pad flip chip LED further reduces thermal resistance, allows higher power and can help to reduce costs. Read more »

LpR Article | Research | May 17, 2016

Human-Focused Outdoor Illumination: Trade-Off Between Pleasing Color and Circadian Action, by the Vilnius University

Human-Focused Outdoor Illumination: Trade-Off Between Pleasing Color and Circadian Action, by the Vilnius University A smart RGBA solid-state light engine with tunable correlated color temperature (CCT) and high-fidelity color rendition was applied for the validation of the Kruithof hypothesis in several outdoor environments. Subjects were asked to find the most “pleasing” illumination conditions by performing a CCT adjustment. Maintaining constant illuminance, the mean selected CCT was found to increase from about 3000±200 K at 5 lx to about 3500±250 K at 50 lx almost independently of the content of the viewed scene. Dr. Pranciškus Vitta, Head of Lighting and Electronics System Lab at the Vilnius University shows that this increase is statistically significant and provides qualitative validation of the Kruithof hypothesis in outdoor environments, but with the intervals of CCT for “pleasing” illumination, it is substantially broader and shifted to higher values. Read more »

LpR Article | May 11, 2016

230 VAC Driven LED Modules with Strongly Reduced Flicker, by euroLighting

Fact Box One of the continuing trends in LED lighting is toward AC driven LED modules. Big progress has been made regarding dimmability and reduction of flicker. However, there are still differences in the various concepts that lead to very different results. Wolfgang Endrich, founder and managing director of euroLighting presents a recently improved new concept to significantly reduce flicker. Read more »

LpR Article | May 09, 2016

White Hybrid Light-Emitting Diodes: A Plausible Solution for Commercialization and Health Issues, by the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU)

White Hybrid Light-Emitting Diodes: A Plausible Solution for Commercialization and Health Issues, by the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU) One of the challenges in terms of commercialization of white LEDs is the need for cheap, inorganic phosphors. In this context, hybrid LEDs have recently emerged as a new approach based on downconverting organic coatings. The authors, Pedro B. Coto from the Institute for Theoretical Physics, Marlene Pröschel and Uwe Sonnewald from the Department of Biology, and Lukas Niklaus, Michael D. Weber and Rubén D. Costa from the Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), describe this technology and cover recent breakthroughs and their prospects. Read more »

LpR Article | May 06, 2016

Lighting with LEDs – More than just Illuminating Objects, by Bartenbach Lichtlabor

Lighting with LEDs – More than just Illuminating Objects, by Bartenbach Lichtlabor Light is more than just vision. It includes aspects of well-being, health and emotions. Dr. Wilfried Pohl, Markus Canazei and Christian Knoflach from Bartenbach report on their experiences and discuss the requirements for LED lighting. They also write about physiological effects and make recommendations for improvements. Read more »

LpR Article | Apr 21, 2016

Advanced Bluetooth 4.0+ Based Smart Lighting Technology

Advanced Bluetooth 4.0+ Based Smart Lighting Technology Smart lighting and lighting controls are not restricted by hardware or traditional lighting control protocols anymore. Today, system modifications and firmware updates can all be done over-the-air. Wireless technologies enable lighting controls in places where it was not an option before. Besides Bluetooth, Zigbee and WiFi there are proprietary technologies in use. Saara Guastella M.Sc. in Lighting Engineering and Lighting Controls, is Product Marketing Manager at Casambi. In the following article she introduces Casambi’s technology based on Bluetooth Low Energy, and describes, explains and compares it with other established communication technologies for smart lighting. Read more »

LpR Article

3-Pad LED Flip Chip COB

3-Pad LED Flip Chip COB Wafer level packaging and flip chip design are the most recent trends in LED manufacturing and packaging. These LED types are perfectly suited for producing COB modules. This combination already promises better thermal performance than standard SMD package based products. However, there is still room for improvements. Pao Chen, Director of Research and Development at Flip Chip Opto shows how a 3-pad flip chip LED further reduces thermal resistance, allows higher power and can help to reduce costs. Read more »

FEATURED

WHITE PAPER - The Calibration Traceability Chain of a Photometric LED Test System

WHITE PAPER - The Calibration Traceability Chain of a Photometric LED Test System FluxGage is a LED luminaire tester and provides a small and cost-effective solution for testing LED luminaires in 2π geometry. The black measurement surface and the lack of multiple reflections make the system much more predictable and allow using information about the DUT such as size, beam angle ... Read more »

FEATURED

Red XLamp LEDs Delivers Best-in-Class Horticulture Efficiency

Red XLamp LEDs Delivers Best-in-Class Horticulture Efficiency  Cree, Inc. announces the next-generation XLamp® XP-E2 Photo Red (660 nm) and Far Red (730 nm) LEDs, delivering breakthrough performance for horticulture applications. The new Red XP-E2 LEDs provide a drop-in upgrade for the previous generation that outperforms competing LEDs by up to 68 percent. ... Read more »

EDITORIAL

High Conductive Foils Enabling Large Area Lighting

High Conductive Foils Enabling Large Area Lighting Fraunhofer Institute for Organic Electronics, Electron Beam and Plasma Technology FEP as one of the leading partners for research and development for surface technologies and organic electronics and Sefar AG, a leading manufacturer of precision fabrics from monofilaments, developed a roll-to-roll ... Read more »

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