LED professional Review (LpR) - Articles

Resources | LpR Article | Research News | CIE | Quality | Standardization | Jun 22, 2017

CIE Fosters Co-Ordination of Global Research and Standardization on Temporal Light Modulation

CIE Fosters Co-Ordination of Global Research and Standardization on Temporal Light Modulation Dr. Jennifer Veitch, recently convened the CIE Stakeholder Workshop for Temporal Light Modulation Standards for Lighting Systems. Below is the exclusive report she provided on the workshop findings and the attitude of the CIE towards this important issue. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Thermal Management | Jun 15, 2017

Looking for the Best Thermal Solution for CSP Module Designs

Looking for the Best Thermal Solution for CSP Module Designs Chip Scale Package (CSP) LED technology is not new but while it has been used for a while in TV backlighting applications, it is relatively new to lighting applications. In many respect CSPs are a new world for lighting module manufacturers as they are smaller, usually don’t have any ESD protection, have different light distribution, and, last but not least, have a smaller heat dissipation area. The latter asks for re-thinking the traditional thermal design for modules. Dr. Giles Humpston, Applications Engineer at Cambridge Nanotherm, explains in detail why CSP LEDs present a significant thermal challenge for module designers and outlines some fundamentals in calculating the thermal flow required to keep CSP LEDs cool. Read more »

Technologies | Resources | Smart Lighting + IoT | Standardization | LpR Article | Jun 01, 2017

A Standardized Open Platform Is Key to the Future of Smart Lighting System Design

A Standardized Open Platform Is Key to the Future of Smart Lighting System Design The LED industry’s pace of evolution is more prevalent now than it has ever been. The shift from traditional standalone LED bulb lighting to fully connected digital LED systems is upon us and is transforming the industry for the better. For years, LED manufacturers have focused on driving cost down rather than focusing on improving quality, but with the advent of connected lighting, smart lighting and human-centric lighting, the focus has shifted back onto quality. Dr. Kyeongik Min, Principal Engineer in the LED business team at Samsung Electronics, explores how the LED industry can accelerate the transition from standalone lighting to fully connected lighting through a deeper understanding of current market trends. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Research | Light Generation | Light Conversion | Material Science | May 18, 2017

Lead Halide Perovskite Nanocrystals - A New Promise for Light Emitting Devices

Lead Halide Perovskite Nanocrystals - A New Promise for Light Emitting Devices Perovskites structured materials have attracted scientific and technological interest in the last four years. Recent studies have shown that these materials could deliver high photoluminescence efficiency at any desired wavelength in the visible spectrum. Mirko Prato and Francesco Di Stasio, Technologist and Marie Curie Fellow of the Institute of Photonic Sciences at the Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia focus on the application in single color LEDs (red, green and blue) and white emitting color-converting layers. They discuss what limits their application in everyday technology like toxicity and limited functional stability. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Applications | Horticulture | May 02, 2017

SSL Growth Strategies and USDA Corn Breeding Objectives

SSL Growth Strategies and USDA Corn Breeding Objectives The SSL horticulture lighting industry has become one of the fastest growing branches of lighting worldwide. Much research has already been done in regards to horticultural SSL technology and continues to be rigorously explored. While most other inputs for plant growth are monitored and controlled based on plant needs, it is still common practice for light control to be rudimentary (on/off). Brandon Newkirk, Marketing Communications Manager at LumiGrow Inc., gives a short overview on the current state of dynamic LED lighting with a focus on USDA corn breeding trials and objectives. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Applications | Animal Farming | May 02, 2017

Bio-Effective Lighting for Humans, Livestock and Plants

Bio-Effective Lighting for Humans, Livestock and Plants Mood lighting is often misleadingly interpreted as HCL. But HCL is much more because it includes biologically effective light that is beneficial or dangerous, depending on the correct application. While the relevant parts of the radiation spectrum may differ, light is also biologically effective for plants and animals and it is used to achieve well-defined effects. Volker Neu, General Manager LED at Vossloh-Schwabe Lighting Solutions, presents examples, discusses similarities and differences between humans, animals and plants in respect to the relevant spectra, and scrutinizes possible consequences. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Tech-Talks Bregenz | OLEDs | LEDs | Apr 27, 2017

Tech-Talks BREGENZ - Norman Bardsley, President of Bardsley Consulting

Tech-Talks BREGENZ - Norman Bardsley, President of Bardsley Consulting Professor of Physics, Dr. J. Norman Bardsley, has become an internationally recognized expert in SSL through his activities as an advisor for DoE and ISA. Dr. Bardsley has a profoundly deep knowledge and understanding of OLED technology, which includes the manufacturing thereof, cost structures and research activities. LED professional talked with him about the different aspects of OLED lighting technology and asked for his thoughts on future perspectives. Read more »

LpR Article | Research | Apr 19, 2017

Lifetime Calculation of White HP-LEDs from 16,000 Hours Aging Data

Lifetime Calculation of White HP-LEDs from 16,000 Hours Aging Data Accurate models are a relevant tool for correctly calculating the so-called useful lifetime predictions of LED lighting products. Until recently, only the efficiency decay and related reduced lumen output was taken into account. Max Wagner, Research Assistant, TU Darmstadt, and his co-authors, Alexander Herzog, Hristo Ganev, and Prof. Tran Quoc Khanh asked themselves if there are other lifetime limiting factors that can be modelled and predicted. Their findings showed that color shift might be more critical and in the following, propose a method to simulate and predict this behavior. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Commentary | Business | LEDs | Trends | Apr 11, 2017

From Component to System, Andreas Weisl, CEO at Seoul Semiconductor Europe GmbH

From Component to System, Andreas Weisl, CEO at Seoul Semiconductor Europe GmbH The history of Light-Emitting Diodes (LED) is quite short compared with some other electronic device industries. However, it has changed and revolutionized the entire world of light within a very short period of time. The history of Light-Emitting Diodes (LED) is quite short compared with some other electronic device industries. However, it has changed and revolutionized the entire world of light within a very short period of time. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Applications | Harsh Enviroment | Controls | Apr 05, 2017

Technical Aspects Regarding the Equipment of Show Caves with Modern LED Systems

Technical Aspects Regarding the Equipment of Show Caves with Modern LED Systems Caves have an almost magical attraction over people, drawing them again and again into their depths. The first electrification started in the 19th century, culminating in today’s digitalization and “LEDification”. Vladimir Vashkevich, Technical Manager at Cave Lighting CL GmbH & Co KG, describes the tough requirements on luminaires and the whole installation. He explains the advantages for the operators and the ecosystem and finally discusses solutions, practical examples and future prospects. Read more »

Smart Lighting + IoT | Usability | LpR Article | Resources | Software | Mar 22, 2017

Enhancing the LED Experience - UI & UX as Success Factors for IoT Based Lighting Controls

Enhancing the LED Experience - UI & UX as Success Factors for IoT Based Lighting Controls As LED lighting systems become part of the Internet of Things, getting the interface right is essential if all of the potential benefits are to be realized. Karl Jónsson and Christian Moormann of Tridonic explain why UI and UX are crucial for the acceptance of the “Internet of Things”, give design hints and describe what this type of user interface that accommodates scalability, simplicity and ease of handling could look like. The authors also discuss examples based on a system Tridonic pre-launched in 2016. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Tech-Talks Bregenz | Light Conversion | Mar 08, 2017

Tech-Talks BREGENZ - Dr. Rubén D. Costa, Group Leader, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg

Tech-Talks BREGENZ - Dr. Rubén D. Costa, Group Leader, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg Light quality and costs of LED systems remain an important topic even though big improvements have been made. New approaches are always welcome and stir up hope. It was exactly a year ago that LED professional published the article by Dr. Rubén D. Costa, Liebig Group Leader at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, about his amazing new „Bio-Hybrid“ white LED approach. At LpS 2016 his presentation on the latest research results and improvements also won him the LpS 2016 Scientific Award. Consequently, we just had to invite him to a Tech-Talk Bregenz! In the interview below he gives us some interesting background information about why he started the project, how it works and what he expects in the future. He also gives us his views on LEDs and lighting in general. Read more »

Commentary | Smart Lighting + IoT | Resources | LpR Article | Feb 28, 2017

Lighting Up Smart Cities, Dr. Wu Chou, Huawei

Lighting Up Smart Cities, Dr. Wu Chou, Huawei Although streetlights have been associated with cities for more than a thousand years, they are rarely considered for functions other than luminary purposes. One of the distinct features of streetlights is their geographic location. In particular, streetlights follow the roads and streets that are the arteries of the city, and at night they outline the city so it can be seen from many miles away. Read more »

LpR Article | Smart Lighting + IoT | Event-Reports | Sustainability | Human Centric Lighting | Manufacturing | Resources | Feb 15, 2017

Swiss Photonics Workshop on Intelligent Efficient Solid State Lighting

Swiss Photonics Workshop on Intelligent Efficient Solid State Lighting Swiss Photonics held their Swiss Solid State Lighting Workshop in the Pantheon at Muttenz near Basel on December 12th of last year. The ambience of the automobile museum was perfect! The program covered a broad range of topics including Human Centric Lighting, Internet of Things and the results of the LASSIE project (Large Area Solid State Lighting Intelligent Efficient: A 7th Framework Program for Research and Technological Development). In the following article, Arno Grabher-Meyer, Editor-in-Chief at LED professional, summarizes the highlights. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Event-Reports | Business | Technologies | Applications | Feb 08, 2017

LuxLive and SILE Sharpen Focus on End-Users

LuxLive and SILE Sharpen Focus on End-Users On November 23rd and 24th, as in previous years, LuxLive was held in the Excel Center close to London’s City Airport. This year, for the second time since the merger of Revo Media and Pennwell, LuxLive and Strategies in Light Europe were co-located. Arno Grabher-Meyer, Editor-in-Chief at LED professional, summarizes his impressions of the event, picking out the more technical oriented lectures held in the different "arenas". Read more »

Trends | Smart Lighting + IoT | Resources | LpR Article | Jan 26, 2017

Smart Lighting Market and Technology Trends

Smart Lighting Market and Technology Trends Intelligent lighting technology that enables its users to control lighting through connected devices such as smart phones or remote controls is a big topic in the industry. A new report sheds light on different aspects of this business including drivers, restraints and opportunities. Jasmine Hinduja, Research Analyst at The Insight Partners, summarizes the major findings and how the trend to intelligent systems affects the companies regarding technology skills and strategies. Read more »

Trends | Smart Lighting + IoT | Resources | LpR Article | Jan 19, 2017

Flicker: Standards and Test Methods

Flicker: Standards and Test Methods Much has been written and said about Temporal Light Artifacts (TLAs). What is essential about TLAs is that they consist of flicker and/or stroboscopic effects induced by a light stimulus whose luminance or spectral distribution fluctuates with time and causes undesired changes in visual perception for an observer in a certain environment. Walter Parmiami, Senior Engineer at UL International Italia S.r.l., discusses the current status of regulations and measurement standards and proposes a certification to help manufacturers to generate user confidence, and consumers and specifiers to find the right product for an application Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Optics | Jan 12, 2017

Structured Glass Light Guides for Efficient Lighting

Structured Glass Light Guides for Efficient Lighting Glass injection molding technology (GIMT) for precision glass optics is a relatively new manufacturing technology. This expertise allows for producing efficient glass optics for LED lighting applications with special properties like undercut geometry or mounting flanges. A lot of progress has been made since it was introduced. Christian Passlick, Optical Engineer at Auer Lighting, shows how this improved technology supports making state-of-the-art light mixing structures for RGB/RGBW LED systems. Read more »

Resources | LpR Article | Technologies | Manufacturing | LEDs | CoB LEDs | Jan 05, 2017

Comparing New Dielectric Materials for Chip-on-Board LED Packages

Comparing New Dielectric Materials for Chip-on-Board LED Packages Thermal management is still one of the most challenging issues in solid state lighting. With the increased application of COB LED technology, the portion of the dielectric material on the overall thermal resistance has become an important topic. Different solutions and new materials have been proposed over the last few years. Hui Zhang, Max Wagner, and Prof. Tran Quoc Khanh from the Laboratory of Lighting Technology at the Technische Universität Darmstadt compared different materials and present the results of their extensive research. Read more »

Event Post Show Report | LpR Article | Dec 28, 2016

LpS Event: A Perfect Platform for New Ideas and Innovations

LpS Event: A Perfect Platform for New Ideas and Innovations Like in any “Light + Building year”, there is always the question of which, if any, other shows one should attend in Europe. The visitors to the LpS 2016 knew right from the start that they had made the right decision with Bregenz. As always, the show attracted attendees, exhibitors and visitors from all over the world. Arno Grabher-Meyer, Editor-in-Chief at LED professional summarizes the highlights and shows how the newly introduced program points were received. Read more »

LpR Article | Research | Dec 22, 2016

The Perspective of Bio-Hybrid White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Rubber-Like Down- Converting Coatings

The Perspective of Bio-Hybrid White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Rubber-Like Down- Converting Coatings At first, white LED technology seems to be mature. But in truth, the technology is still far from being perfect and research on all LED materials and components is ongoing. At the LpS 2016 the research of Rubén D. Costa, Lukas Niklaus, Katharina Weber and Prof. Uwe Sonnewald from the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU) was honored with the LED professional Scientific Award. These authors investigated the use of organic light conversion materials for white LEDs. Their research shows that these bio-hybrid white LEDs could lower costs and improve light quality. The article describes the current status of the research and future perspectives. Read more »

LpR Article | Innovation | Dec 15, 2016

On-Chip Beam Forming Optics Paves the Way for New Luminaire Designs

On-Chip Beam Forming Optics Paves the Way for New Luminaire Designs An LED luminaire’s optical system usually consists of primary and secondary optics. This concept always causes a trade-off between light quality, system size, efficiency and light distribution. New concepts to make secondary optics obsolete have already been researched. Paul Drosihn, Head of Modular Products, and Samir Mezouari, Optics & Lighting Design Specialist at Plessey Semiconductors present the first of its kind chip scale beam forming technology, StellarTM. They explain how it works and how it helps to overcome the limitations of traditional optical solutions for LED lighting. Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | Nov 02, 2016

Optical Lithography Method for Advanced Light Extraction in LEDs

Optical Lithography Method for Advanced Light Extraction in LEDs Objective material selection for various target applications is key for successful product development. Efficient light extraction features are crucial for highly efficient LEDs. Thomas Uhrmann and Harun Solak, et.al* from EV Group and Eulitha AG will demonstrate a novel lithography method, PHABLE™, that enables the printing of sub-μm patterns in a non-contact, proximity process. Read more »

LpR Article | Oct 26, 2016

Handheld Photometry Supports LED Lighting Design

Handheld Photometry Supports LED Lighting Design With SSL new dimensions were introduced to light measurement, especially concerning handheld light measurement tools. Norbert Harkam, General Manager at SalesLink GmbH, a Representative of UPRtek, explains what criteria have to be considered and what the requirements of a handheld photometer are. Read more »

LpR Article | Oct 24, 2016

LEDs Reveal Paintings Hidden in Paintings

LEDs Reveal Paintings Hidden in Paintings Artists are often early adopters of new technologies and new solutions and methods that bring art to a new level. For fine arts artist, light and their material are the two major elements to play with. It’s no wonder that LED lighting has become an important element for them. The artist, Clint Eccher, and Arno Grabher-Meyer from LED professional show how LED lighting is used to transform static paintings into some of the most advanced paintings in the world, in dynamic, “living” pieces that transform their appearance with LED light. Clint Eccher's work, how it is done, and the role of LED technology will be explained. Read more »

Health + Environment | LpR Article | Oct 20, 2016

Botanical Light Pollution - Red is the New Blue

Botanical Light Pollution - Red is the New Blue In the beginning, the industry argued that LED lighting could help reduce light pollution. Meanwhile, various organizations claim the opposite effect is true and often sight light color as an issue. The opinions of different groups are frequently quite the contrary to those of other groups. Ian Ashdown, FIES Chief Scientist at byHeart Consultants & Lighting Analysts, demonstrates and discusses the negative effects of light pollution through LED lights and how different light sources affect vegetation. Read more »

LpR Article | Oct 17, 2016

How to Design with LEDs: Concurrent Engineering Yields Fully Optimized Lighting Systems

How to Design with LEDs: Concurrent Engineering Yields Fully Optimized Lighting Systems LEDs are often viewed as a replacement for other light sources. The right starting point for designing an appropriate replacement is crucial to the result. Brian S. Jasenak, Optical and Process Engineer at Kopp Glass, describes a concurrent engineering approach that optimizes the optics and other system components, and may help to reduce the number of LEDs needed as well as the overall cost of the LED lighting fixture. Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | Oct 17, 2016

High-Index Nanocrystals - Key to Next Generation Advancements in Lighting

High-Index Nanocrystals - Key to Next Generation Advancements in Lighting Solid-State Lighting is destined to be a next generation lighting option. LEDs have already entered main stream applications and OLED technology has advanced greatly in the past few years in terms of efficacy and performance. Both technologies need to continue to improve performance to achieve high market acceptance. Dr. Gregory Cooper, Chief Technology Officer and Founder of Pixelligent Technologies LLC, illustrates how LED and OLED technology can advance to the next level by incorporating nanomaterials into existing packaging. Read more »

LpR Article | Oct 13, 2016

Easing Lighting System Design with Online Tools

Easing Lighting System Design with Online Tools The technical intricacies of an LED lighting system design can be quite complicated. The interdependencies of design parameters such as light source flux, efficacy, lumen maintenance, drive current, series/parallel light source layout, compatible optics, compatible drivers, thermal dissipation and others make the calculation of system performance a laborious process if performed manually. One simple change in one parameter could potentially force the lighting designer to consult the datasheet for every other component considered in the design in order to calculate the impact on the system as a whole. Patrick Durand, Worldwide Technical Director, Future Lighting Solutions demonstrates the capabilities of modern online tools to solve these problems giving a typical application example based on the Future Lighting System Creator (LSC). Read more »

LpR Article | Technologies | Oct 10, 2016

Technologies for Engineering an LED Light Closest to Sunlight

Technologies for Engineering an LED Light Closest to Sunlight TRI-R is a next-generation LED light source made possible by Toshiba Materials technology and commercialization together with TOL STUDIO. Using natural light that recreates the solar spectrum, TRI-R suppresses glare, prevents the loss of object color, and gives fresher, clearer expression to textures and details. Based on professional research examining the relationship light has with humans and the environment, this is illumination technology that provides the world surrounding us with the true and real value of light. Masahiko Yamakawa, Senior Specialist of Toshiba Materials Co.LTD., presents how this technology was developed and applied in some projects. Read more »

FEATURED

LumiTop 4000: Comprehensive Optical Wafer Testing for μLEDs

LumiTop 4000: Comprehensive Optical Wafer Testing for μLEDs Instrument Systems offers a unique camera-based measurement solution for μLED wafer testing that generates 2-dimensional, pixel-resolved optical analyses within given cycle times. The LumiTop 4000 has a resolution of 12 MP and can detect the smallest of defects and inhomogeneities on the wafer. ... Read more »

FEATURED

Lumileds Maximizes Field Usable Lumens: New LUXEON HL2X LED

Lumileds Maximizes Field Usable Lumens: New LUXEON HL2X LED Lumileds introduces the LUXEON HL2X, the ideal choice for roadway lighting and sports lighting fixtures with the highest flux and efficiency in an industry standard package. "With 318+ lumens at 700 mA and 85°C, LUXEON HL2X delivers more 'field usable lumens' for optical engineers to work with. ... Read more »

EDITORIAL

Australian Associated Press Recently Wrote: Red Light Could Improve Over-40s' Eyesight

Australian Associated Press Recently Wrote: Red Light Could Improve Over-40s' Eyesight A small LED torch that emits deep red light could help improve declining eyesight, scientists have said: A study by University College London, involving a small sample size of 24 people, has shown that staring at long wavelength light for three minutes every day can "significantly improve vision" ... Read more »

EDITORIAL

Signify Invests to Broaden Its UV-C Lighting Portfolio for Professional Disinfection

Signify Invests to Broaden Its UV-C Lighting Portfolio for Professional Disinfection Signify, the world leader in lighting, is increasing its UV-C lighting production capacity and expanding its UV-C product portfolio. The company is leveraging more than 35 years of expertise in UV-C lighting to address the growing global need for the disinfection of air, surfaces and objects. Read more »